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Sternberg, R. J. & Zhang, L.F. (2006). Styles of thinking as a basis of differentiated instruction. Theory into Practice, 44(3), 245-253.

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Thinking Styles among the Arab-Minority Teachers in the Arab Education System in Israel

1Al-Qasemi Academic, Israel

American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, Vol. 6 No. 1, 32-37
DOI: 10.12691/education-6-1-5
Copyright © 2018 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Jamal Abu-Hussain, Nadia Abu-Hussain. Thinking Styles among the Arab-Minority Teachers in the Arab Education System in Israel. American Journal of Educational Research. 2018; 6(1):32-37. doi: 10.12691/education-6-1-5.

Correspondence to: Jamal  Abu-Hussain, Al-Qasemi Academic, Israel. Email:


This study examined the thinking styles prevalent among Arab teachers, given their status as members of a minority, in the Arab education system in Israel. Examination of thinking styles very important for predicting a person's behavior in different situations, and teachers’ thinking styles predict some of their professional behavior when at work in school. The teaching profession demands certain personal characteristics, skills, and a wide professional knowledge base together with appropriate thinking and perceptions and thinking styles are considered to be an important aspect of the teacher’s work. A central aspect of a person’s personality is their thinking style and another, parallel aspect, is their characteristics. Each of the two have their unique contribution and defining structure. A person’s thinking style is influenced by culture and social characteristics and different cultures and societies are characterized by different thinking styles. As members of a national minority in Israel, the thinking styles of Arab teachers have not been previously studied, despite the fact that Arab society is undergoing rapid change in the social, economic, political, cultural, and familial spheres and despite the fact that thinking styles of teachers have an important impact on their day-to-day work in school. It is therefore important to study this subject and to examine the prevalent thinking styles among Arab teachers given their status as a minority in the education system in Israel. The study was conducted among 185 Arab teachers who answered a questionnaire about thinking styles. Their responses were analyzed using the SPSS statistic software. The principle findings showed that the most prevalent thinking styles were Type 2 (executive, local, conservative, and oligarchic) and Type 3 (monarchic, anarchic, internal, and external). The least prevalent was Type 1 (legislative, judicial, global, liberal, and hierarchic).