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Asociación Mexicana de Horticultura Protegida (AMHPAC). Jalisco exporta más del 90% de su producción de “berries”. Notimex. January 2015. Available: http://www.amhpac.org/es/index.php/noticias/547-jalisco-exporta-mas-del-90-de-su-produccion-de-berries.

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Article

Land-use Change and Its Impact on Production and Consumption of Strawberry in Tapalpa, Jalisco, Mexico

1Research Center in Territory and Rurality, University Center of the South, University of Guadalajara

2Research Center in Food Behavior and Nutrition, University Center of the South, University of Guadalajara

3National Technology of Mexico, Campus Ciudad Guzmán


Journal of Food Security. 2017, Vol. 5 No. 3, 58-65
DOI: 10.12691/jfs-5-3-1
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Fatima Ezzahra Housni, Virginia Gabriela Aguilera Cervantes, Mariana Lares-Michel, Norma Helen Juárez, María del Carmen Barragán Carmona, Rosa María Michel Nava. Land-use Change and Its Impact on Production and Consumption of Strawberry in Tapalpa, Jalisco, Mexico. Journal of Food Security. 2017; 5(3):58-65. doi: 10.12691/jfs-5-3-1.

Correspondence to: Fatima  Ezzahra Housni, Research Center in Territory and Rurality, University Center of the South, University of Guadalajara. Email: fatima.housni@cusur.udg.mx

Abstract

In recent years, the municipality of Tapalpa, Jalisco, has suffered a gradual deterioration of natural resources (water, forest, soil). There has been a growth of population and an increase in tourism activities that do not consider natural resources, types of landscape or their socio-economic implications. One of the most relevant changes in the municipality, in addition to deforestation, is the change of land use by another type of agriculture. Change and the availability of new foods can lead to change the consumption habits of the community. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the impact of agribusiness strawberry with respect to changes in the environment, and its impact on the feeding process, since this depends largely food security. For this purpose, a multi-temporal analysis of Landsat ETM+ satellite images from 2000 and 2017 respectively was carried out in the municipality of Tapalpa, Jalisco. Likewise, a Food Consumption Frequency Questionnaire (FCFC) was applied, taking a sample of 264 adults distributed between 18 and 60 years of age, to evaluate strawberry consumption in the municipality. The results showed an evolution of landscape fragmentation at all levels with a reduction in the percentage of hectares of forest land use and a significant increase in hectares of protected agriculture. Regarding consumption, the results indicated that 67% of the sample consumes strawberry and that the amount depends on the harvest period.

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