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Cohen, Andrew D. (1998b). Strategies in Learning and Using a Second Language. Harlow Essex: Longman.

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Article

Metacognitive Strategy Used by American Students in Learning Indonesian

1Universitas Negeri Malang (State University of Malang), Malang, Indonesia


American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, Vol. 3 No. 12, 1548-1553
DOI: 10.12691/education-3-12-10
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Gatut Susanto. Metacognitive Strategy Used by American Students in Learning Indonesian. American Journal of Educational Research. 2015; 3(12):1548-1553. doi: 10.12691/education-3-12-10.

Correspondence to: Gatut  Susanto, Universitas Negeri Malang (State University of Malang), Malang, Indonesia. Email: gatutus@yahoo.com

Abstract

This research investigated the metacognitive strategy used by American students in learning Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia). The research objective was to identify certain learning behaviors such as the use of metacognitive strategy. The subjects were students of the Critical Language Scholarship (CLS) program at the beginning level who were learning Bahasa Indonesia intensively for 8 weeks in the summer period in the BIPA Program at the Faculty the Letters, State University of Malang, Indonesia. Data were collected through (1) direct observation of the learning activities and (2) student interviews. The results showed that CLS students, as a representative sample of American students at the beginning level, demonstrate seven general types of learning behaviors when they learn Bahasa Indonesia. These are (1) anticipating; (2) planning; (3) controlling; (4) monitoring; (5) self-evaluating; (6) self-managing; and (7) self-reflecting.

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