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Grill, G., Digel, W. (1992). Meyers grosses Taschenlexikon: In 24 Bänden. B.I.-Taschenbuchverlag, Mannheim.

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Checklist for Competence-Oriented Textbooks in Science

1Science Education, University of Teacher Education Lucerne, CH-6000 Lucerne, Switzerland

American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, Vol. 3 No. 11, 1450-1454
DOI: 10.12691/education-3-11-16
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Bölsterli Bardy Katrin. Checklist for Competence-Oriented Textbooks in Science. American Journal of Educational Research. 2015; 3(11):1450-1454. doi: 10.12691/education-3-11-16.

Correspondence to: Bölsterli  Bardy Katrin, Science Education, University of Teacher Education Lucerne, CH-6000 Lucerne, Switzerland. Email:


Textbooks are crucial tools for implementing new curricula. Consequently, not only teachers’ performance but also good textbooks have to meet certain standards to improve the quality of competence-oriented tuition. However, there are no empirical studies investigating how competence-oriented textbooks may be conceptualized or assessed. This is a major problem as many countries already implemented competence-oriented tuition or plan to do so soon. To reduce this research gap, this study investigates the following research question: Which standards should science textbooks meet in order to support competence-oriented teaching and learning in primary and secondary schools? A mixed-methods design was chosen to answer this question. First, a qualitative survey was used to formulate preliminary standards for competence-oriented textbooks. The participants of this inquiry were experienced teachers, textbook authors, publishers, science educationalists or educational scientists from three German speaking countries. These preliminary standards were validated and served to generate items for the quantitative questionnaire. In this survey, the preliminary standards were weighted according to their importance. In total, 178 primary school teachers (grades 4 to 6), 171 secondary school teachers (grades 7 to 9), and 44 science educationalists from the German speaking part of Switzerland took part. If the relevance of a standard was ambiguous, the standard was also rated qualitatively. These empirically weighted standards were used together with standards individually to be weighted to generate a checklist for Competence-Oriented TEXtbooks (COTEX). In this paper, the English version of the checklist is presented. The checklist is available online under COTEX can be used to conceptualize or assess competence-oriented textbooks.