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Application of Cues, Prompts, Probes, Questions and Gestures (CPPQG) in Physics Teaching and Learning

1Department of Science Education, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Nigeria

2Department of Physics Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana

American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, Vol. 3 No. 4, 406-411
DOI: 10.12691/education-3-4-4
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ugwumba Augustine Okoronka, Kodjo Donkor Taale. Application of Cues, Prompts, Probes, Questions and Gestures (CPPQG) in Physics Teaching and Learning. American Journal of Educational Research. 2015; 3(4):406-411. doi: 10.12691/education-3-4-4.

Correspondence to: Kodjo  Donkor Taale, Department of Physics Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana. Email:


This study was an action research using cues, prompts, probes, gestures and questioning strategy to remediate some learning difficulties of students in some physics concepts. This was done by collecting both quantitative and qualitative data using teacher constructed test. Pre-test, was used to assess students’ prior knowledge and post-test to determine the final state of the learners. A sample of 40 Level 200 Geography Education students of the Department of Science Education, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria, participated in the study. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, percentages, paired sample t-test and the correlation statistic. The results obtained showed an improvement in students’ understanding of basic concepts in optics, heat and mechanics. Students performed relatively better in optics (80% of the students) scoring 45% and higher; followed by thermal physics (heat) (70 %) and mechanics (50%). The post-test mean score was higher than the pre-test. Also, paired sample t-test was significant at 0.05 alpha level and df of 39. Similarly, a moderately high and significant correlation coefficient of 0.70 was calculated between the pre and post test scores. Based on the findings, it is recommended that teachers should integrate CPPQG into all forms of physics instruction in today’s changing world of technologies. This is a major way to make its learning “interesting” to the average learner who ordinarily may not be able to make the kind of “connections” expected in maximizing physics teaching and learning.