## Article citationsMore >>

Stairs, I. H., S. E. Thorsett, and Z. Arzoumanian. Measurement of Gravitational Spin-Orbit Coupling in a Binary-Pulsar System, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 141101.

**has been cited by the following article:**

## Article

# Photon Theory of Gravity – An Advance from Einstein’s Relativity

^{1}Research School of Physics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601

*International Journal of Physics*.

**2022**, Vol. 10 No. 3, 118-136

**DOI:**10.12691/ijp-10-3-1

**Copyright © 2022 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Xianming Meng. Photon Theory of Gravity – An Advance from Einstein’s Relativity.

*International Journal of Physics*. 2022; 10(3):118-136. doi: 10.12691/ijp-10-3-1.

Correspondence to: Xianming Meng, Research School of Physics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2601. Email: xianming.meng@anu.edu.au

## Abstract

Based on a postulate that photons of low frequencies (undetectable by current technology) are the gravity force carrier, the paper derives quantitative results that are the same as or very similar to those derived in the special and general relativity theories and explains experiments and observations better. These quantitative results include the mass-energy formula, the energy momentum equation, and those for relative mass, the transverse Doppler effect, gravitational red shift, planetary precession, the deflection angle of light in gravitational lensing, the orbits around a black hole, and the strength and direction of gravitational waves (orbit decay of pulsars). Moreover, the explanations are different from those in Einstein’s relativity theory, such as the explanation of the null Doppler effect of electromagnetic waves reflected from a transversely moving surface, the reason for gravitational red shift, and the size of the light sphere around a black hole. The paper claims that both the high-order Doppler effect and the gravitational red shift occur only at the point of photon emission. The paper also explains why the predicted pulsar orbit decay is close but differs from calculations based on observations.