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Article

Photobromination (SR) and Corresp. SN1 Reactions – Key Reactions for the Development and the Application of the Concept of Hyperconjugation

1Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Germany


World Journal of Chemical Education. 2021, Vol. 9 No. 4, 175-184
DOI: 10.12691/wjce-9-4-10
Copyright © 2021 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Marc Zimmermann, Dennis Domke, Michael Schween. Photobromination (SR) and Corresp. SN1 Reactions – Key Reactions for the Development and the Application of the Concept of Hyperconjugation. World Journal of Chemical Education. 2021; 9(4):175-184. doi: 10.12691/wjce-9-4-10.

Correspondence to: Michael  Schween, Fachbereich Chemie, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, Germany. Email: schweenm@staff.uni-marburg.de

Abstract

This article first describes photochemical bromination reactions of two different reactants proceeding via electron septet intermediates according to the radical substitution reaction mechanism (SR). The case comparison is intended to enable learners – high school or university first-year organic chemistry students – to work out the concept of hyperconjugation, which is very significant for organic chemistry, by intertwining experimental results and theoretical interpretation (of free radical intermediates) closely. Since students often do not succeed in transferring concepts they have already learned from one mechanism to another, the second step will be to transfer and apply the concept of hyperconjugation to carbenium ions as reactive intermediates by means of an analogous experimental case comparison of first-order nucleophilic substitution reactions (SN1).

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