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Spreitzer, G.M., and Sonenshein, S., 2004. ‘‘Toward the construct definition of positive deviance’’, American Behavioral Scientist, 47(6): 828-47.

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Analysis of Positive Deviance Farmer Training Centers in Northern Ethiopia

1Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Mekelle Agricultural Research Center

American Journal of Rural Development. 2015, Vol. 3 No. 1, 10-14
DOI: 10.12691/ajrd-3-1-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Luchia Tekle. Analysis of Positive Deviance Farmer Training Centers in Northern Ethiopia. American Journal of Rural Development. 2015; 3(1):10-14. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-3-1-3.

Correspondence to: Luchia  Tekle, Tigray Agricultural Research Institution, Mekelle Agricultural Research Center. Email:,


FTC-based farmer training is an emerging extension strategy geared towards human capital development through need-based, hands-on practical training in order to facilitate agricultural transformation and rural livelihood improvement. Although, FTCs were established and made functional in the Tigray National Regional State and Alamata Woredabut, no systematic assessment of the positively deviated farmers training center. Hence, to alleviate this problem, educating this research was initiated to fill the gap. Specifically the research attempted to address this important question: Are there FTCs with successful experience for scale-out\up 14 DAs and 20 woreda experts by means of semi-structure interview schedule. Qualitative methods that were used at community, organizational and individual levels include: document review, focused/group discussion, personal interviews and direct observation. The quantitative data were also analyzed using descriptive statistics. Based on the indicators of positive deviance like, departure from the norms, intentional behavior and honorable outcomes such as technology dissemination, exemplary demonstration field management, diversified and substantial training outreaches of the four sampled FTCs, Selambkalsi FTC is found to be positively deviating. In this research context, positively deviant FTC is the one that performed better than the other FTCs regardless of similar problems and resource base.Therefore, it is recommended that policy aimed at FTC based training in the area could be the result of this study are taken in to consideration and there should be experience sharing mechanisms among FTCs so as to cross fertilize the successful results throughout the study area and lesson are developed and institutionalized.