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Chakraborty,C. and P. Nunnenkamp (2006). “Economic Reforms, FDI and its Economic Effects in India”, Working Paper No. 1272, The Kiel Institute of World economy, Germany.

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Foreign Direct Investment in India

1Department of Economics, The American College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

International Journal of Econometrics and Financial Management. 2014, Vol. 2 No. 3, 95-101
DOI: 10.12691/ijefm-2-3-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
S. JOSEPH WELLINGTON, S. JAMMU. Foreign Direct Investment in India. International Journal of Econometrics and Financial Management. 2014; 2(3):95-101. doi: 10.12691/ijefm-2-3-2.

Correspondence to: S.  JOSEPH WELLINGTON, Department of Economics, The American College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. Email:,


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is considered as an engine of economic growth. Before the Economic reforms the flow of foreign direct investment to India has been comparatively limited because of the type of industrial development strategy and the various foreign investment policy followed by the nation. Government policy towards foreign capital was very selective. Foreign investment was normally permitted only in high technology industries in priority areas and in export oriented areas. So the inflow of FDI before 1990’s was very low. To fully utilize the country’s immense economic potential, the government launched Economic reforms in 1991. The new government policies are simple, transparent and promote domestic and foreign investment. India’s abundant and diversified natural resources, its sound economic policy, good market condition and high skilled human resources make it a proper destination for FDI. After long years of journey FDI was also introduced in various sectors and states in India. The Investment of FDI in various states and sectors leads to rapid growth of Indian economy. On this background, the paper analyses the sector wise and state wise inflows of FDI during the period 2000-2010.