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Bettis III, E. A., Gully Erosion of Western Iowa. The Lowa Department of Natural Resources, Iowa Geological and Water Survey, 1983.

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Article

Review of Gully Erosion in Nigeria: Causes, Impacts and Possible Solutions

1Geology Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria

2Department of Geology and Mineral Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria


Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014, Vol. 2 No. 3, 125-129
DOI: 10.12691/jgg-2-3-8
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
I. A. Abdulfatai, I. A. Okunlola, W. G. Akande, L. O. Momoh, K. O. Ibrahim. Review of Gully Erosion in Nigeria: Causes, Impacts and Possible Solutions. Journal of Geosciences and Geomatics. 2014; 2(3):125-129. doi: 10.12691/jgg-2-3-8.

Correspondence to: I.  A. Abdulfatai, Geology Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. Email: geoadavize@yahoo.com

Abstract

Gully erosion, the most impressive and striking erosion type, has been recognized as one of the major global environmental problems. Many States in Nigeria are currently under the threats of this phenomenal process, south-eastern part of the country being the most affected. It has numerous causes; and these causes can be both naturally and artificially-induced, but the underlying geology and the severity of accompany surface processes play a key role. Observations have shown clearly that gully erosion is more prevalent in sedimentary terrain than in the basement complex of Nigeria. This erosion activity at various scales has resulted in the loss of lives and properties almost on a yearly basis. Solutions that have been proffered include public awareness campaign, improved farming techniques, cultural method of gully control, enactment of laws against any activities that favour gully growth, and thorough implementation of suggested solutions.

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