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Langmuir, I. (1918). The adsorption of gases on plane surfaces of glass, mica and platinum. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 40, 1361-1403.

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Minimization of Phosphate from Ocean Water

1Department of Chemical Engineering, IT GGV Bilaspur (CG), India

Journal of Ocean Research. 2014, Vol. 2 No. 1, 1-4
DOI: 10.12691/jor-2-1-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Dhananjay Chaturvedi, Omprakash Sahu. Minimization of Phosphate from Ocean Water. Journal of Ocean Research. 2014; 2(1):1-4. doi: 10.12691/jor-2-1-1.

Correspondence to: Omprakash  Sahu, Department of Chemical Engineering, IT GGV Bilaspur (CG), India. Email:


Phosphates are very important basic materials in agricultural and other industrial applications. Phosphorus is often present in low concentrations in wastewater, almost solely in the form of organic and inorganic phosphates. The removal of phosphates from surface waters is generally necessary to avoid problems, such as eutrophication, particularly near urban areas. The usual methods of treatment are either biological or physicochemical by sedimentation. Among them adsorption technique has got maximum potential for the reduction of organic material. Adsorption being a physical process, in-expensive and less time consuming, is widely accepted. It is evident from last 20-25 years that many researchers have studied the feasibility of low cost adsorbents derived from natural material, industrial material, agricultural waste and bio-adsorbents and resulted in innovative approach in this area. The current research is focused on the need to develop an efficient adsorbent with cost effectiveness and high potentiality. The study was carried out for phosphorus adsorption by clay available near coastal region. The result shows that maximum 93% of phosphorus can be adsorbed with western region clay.