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Haynes, William M., ed. (2011). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92nd ed.). CRC Press. p. 14.48.

has been cited by the following article:

Article

Unified Field Theory and Topology of Nuclei

1Wayne State University, 42 W Warren Ave, Detroit

2Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China

3Deerfield High School, Deerfield, IL 60015


International Journal of Physics. 2014, Vol. 2 No. 1, 15-22
DOI: 10.12691/ijp-2-1-4
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Zhiliang Cao, Henry Gu Cao. Unified Field Theory and Topology of Nuclei. International Journal of Physics. 2014; 2(1):15-22. doi: 10.12691/ijp-2-1-4.

Correspondence to: Zhiliang  Cao, Wayne State University, 42 W Warren Ave, Detroit. Email: williamcao12252000@yahoo.com

Abstract

Even though all isotopes for each element are well studied, the structures of their nuclei are still unknown. This paper examines the topology and stability of ground state isotopes of major elements. According to Unified Field Theory (UFT), a proton has the shape of an octahedron. The nuclei result from protons and neutrons piling up. Since the strong forces are along the axes of the octahedron of protons and neutron, the structure of ground state isotopes of any given element can be logically induced. Only two of three axes of the octahedron nucleus have strong interactive forces internally. The structure starts with one or two base squares and accumulates smaller squares along the axis of the base squares in both directions. The possible proton base structures are square shaped. For example, the Technetium nucleus has one proton too many to be symmetrical. Therefore, no stable isotopes of Technetium can be found.

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