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Kaliraj, S., Chandrasekar, N., & Magesh, N. S., 2014. Identification of potential groundwater recharge zones in Vaigai upper basin, Tamil Nadu, using GIS-based analytical hierarchical process (AHP) technique. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 7(4), 1385-1401.

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Groundwater Potential Recharge Zone Mapping for the Wolf River Watershed, Tennessee

1Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh

2Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Memphis, TN, USA

3Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

American Journal of Water Resources. 2022, Vol. 10 No. 1, 17-23
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-10-1-3
Copyright © 2022 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Khairul Hasan, Sondipon Paul, Khayrun Nahar Mitu, Fuad Bin Nasir. Groundwater Potential Recharge Zone Mapping for the Wolf River Watershed, Tennessee. American Journal of Water Resources. 2022; 10(1):17-23. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-10-1-3.

Correspondence to: Sondipon  Paul, Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Memphis, TN, USA. Email:


The article presents groundwater potential recharge zone analysis in the Wolf River watershed applying the Geographic Information System (GIS) technique. Six thematic layers: elevation, slope, drainage density, rainfall, land cover, and soil type are prepared and integrated for the spatial analysis. The analysis applies the multi-criteria-based Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) to obtain each layer's weight. The thematic layers with the assigned weightage are overlain in a weighted overlay analysis to develop the study area's potential groundwater recharge zone map. Potential recharge zones are classified into four categories: very low, low, medium, and high. The result shows that the medium zone occupies a large portion of the watershed's central and southern regions. The study also reveals that the high and low zones cover a minimal watershed area. The findings can help policymakers make informed decisions for sustainable management of groundwater resources of the study area.