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Optimization of Domestic Wastewater Treatement in Kara City by Artificial Swamp

1Research Laboratory of Water and Environmental Engineering, University of Kara, BP. 404, Togo

2Beijing Key Laboratory of Water Resources & Environmental Engineering, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, P.R. China;Laboratory of Applied Hydrology and Environment, University of Lomé, BP. 1515, Togo

3Laboratory of Applied Hydrology and Environment, University of Lomé, BP. 1515, Togo


Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2021, Vol. 9 No. 1, 22-26
DOI: 10.12691/jephh-9-1-4
Copyright © 2021 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Moudassirou SEDOU, Seyf-Laye ALFA-SIKA MANDE, Ibrahim TCHAKALA, Oussama ISHAKA. Optimization of Domestic Wastewater Treatement in Kara City by Artificial Swamp. Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health. 2021; 9(1):22-26. doi: 10.12691/jephh-9-1-4.

Correspondence to: Moudassirou  SEDOU, Research Laboratory of Water and Environmental Engineering, University of Kara, BP. 404, Togo. Email: sedoumoudassirou@gmail.com

Abstract

The present work aims to study three macrophytes. The plants Alocasia macrorrhizos, Ixora chinensis and Helicornia rostrata have been studied on a laboratory scale for their ability to eliminate Chemical Oxygen Demand (organic load), phosphorus and nitrates. The results of this study showed that the Alocasia macrorrhizos plant is more effective in the treatment of organic load. Of the three plants, Helicornia rostrata and Alocasia macrorrhizos remove phosphorus better, with a margin of 23.58% for Helicornia rostrata. All three macrophytes effectively remove nitrates. In view of the results obtained, the combination of Alocasia macrorrhizos and Helicornia rostrata would be suitable for the mixed treatment of organic load, phosphorus and nitrates.

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