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Jones, E., Stair-Buchmann, M., Kotliar, S. and Haith, L. “Purpura fulminans in toxic epidermal necrolysis: case report and review”. J Burn Care Res, 36(6), e274-82, 2015.

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Article

Acute Infectious Purpura Fulminans Complicated with Multiple Erosions

1Department of Acute Critical Care Medicine, Shizuoka Hospital, Juntendo University


American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2020, Vol. 8 No. 11, 421-423
DOI: 10.12691/ajmcr-8-11-11
Copyright © 2020 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Saya Ikegami, Kei Jitsuiki, Ken-ichi Muramatsu, Hiroki Nagasawa, Ikuto Takeuchi, Youichi Yanagawa. Acute Infectious Purpura Fulminans Complicated with Multiple Erosions. American Journal of Medical Case Reports. 2020; 8(11):421-423. doi: 10.12691/ajmcr-8-11-11.

Correspondence to: Youichi  Yanagawa, Department of Acute Critical Care Medicine, Shizuoka Hospital, Juntendo University. Email: yyanaga@juntendo.ac.jp

Abstract

An 80-year-old man was extremely skinny and developed a left leg phlegmon. He was admitted and underwent an infusion of cefazolin. On the third day, he suddenly collapsed, and advanced cardiac life support resulted in a return of his circulation. He showed vasopressor-resistant hypotension and therefore received an infusion of steroids and multiple supportive therapies. A blood culture later showed Pseudomonas aeruginosa. While his blood pressure increased, he showed peripheral and labile cyanotic changes, even though his peripheral arteries were palpable. On the third day after the collapse, he showed blisters at purpura sites and labile, resulting in the formation of erosions. On the fourth day, massive effusion was drained from the erosive lesions. He temporarily showed a return of consciousness, but his extremities became necrotic, and he ultimately died due to a secondary infection at the erosive lesions. The present fatal case of acute infectious purpura fulminans might have been induced by a P. aeruginosa infection due to complications with multiple blisters, similar to Stevens-Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis. Early aggressive surgical amputation or debridement might be required to obtain a survival outcome when encountering such cases.

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