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Zandinava, H, Shafaei, F, Charandabi S, Homayi S & Mirghafourv, M. (2017). Effect of Educational Package on Self-care Behavior, Quality of Life, and Blood Glucose Levels in Pregnant Women with Gestational Diabetes, A Randomized Controlled Trial, Iran Red Crescent Med J, 19(4), 44317.

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Impact of Self-care Program for Gestational Diabetic Women on Pregnancy Outcomes

1Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020, Vol. 8 No. 1, 122-131
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-8-1-13
Copyright © 2020 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Rasha El Sayed Ibrahim, Nahed Mousa Saber. Impact of Self-care Program for Gestational Diabetic Women on Pregnancy Outcomes. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2020; 8(1):122-131. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-8-1-13.

Correspondence to: Rasha  El Sayed Ibrahim, Maternal and Newborn Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt. Email:


Background: Gestational diabetes is a global health concern because it's high prevelance, and the potential complications for mothers and their offspring; therefore, Patient teaching is one of the most significant aspects in improving women knowledge, and self-care. Aim: This study was developed to evaluate the effect of self-care program for gestational diabetic women on pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A purposive sample of 80 gestational diabetic women aged (≥ 18 to ≤ 40) years old, and pregnant at not less than 24 weeks of gestations who admitted to antenatal clinic, labor unit and postnatal unit of general hospital of Beni-Suief between Jan 2018 to December 2018. A quasi-experimental design was utilized in this study, Control and study group. The study instruments included Women interviewing assessment sheet, Diabetic knowledge questionnaire, Self-care behavior, Attitude about diabetes, Maternal observation, and Pregnancy outcome with previously tested content validity and reliability. Results: Significant enhance in the level of the women knowledge, attitudes, and self-care behavior was observed after implementation of the self-care program among the women in the study group. Conclusion: The findings of the current study concluded education plays an important role in increasing the awareness of pregnant women regarding GDM risks, complications and its proper management to reduce its burden for the mother and the fetus. Recommendations: The study recommended that universal screening to all pregnant women for GDM in the antenatal unit to reduce its complications.