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Examination of the Speciation of Trace Metals in Some Selected Areas of Jos, Nigeria

1National Metallurgical Development Centre (NMDC), Jos, Nigeria

2Materials Science and Engineering Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy. 2019, Vol. 5 No. 1, 1-10
DOI: 10.12691/ajmm-5-1-1
Copyright © 2019 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Temitope Emmanuel-Alonge, Dare Victor Abere, Grace Modupe Oyatogun, Dorcas Oluyemi Joseph, Olumide Moses Ogunronbi, Awe Olaniyi, Ojoma Helen Adejo, Florence Dennis Uzuh, Christopher Gambo. Examination of the Speciation of Trace Metals in Some Selected Areas of Jos, Nigeria. American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy. 2019; 5(1):1-10. doi: 10.12691/ajmm-5-1-1.

Correspondence to: Dare  Victor Abere, National Metallurgical Development Centre (NMDC), Jos, Nigeria. Email:


Analysis of total metal concentrations and speciation of Lead (Pb), Zinc (Zn), Chromium (Cr), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), and Iron (Fe) were carried out on soil samples from West of Mines, Tudun Wada and Dadin Kowa in Jos, Plateau state. Results show that zinc has the highest concentration of total metals while lead was not detected at all. Speciation results show an average of 4.47% of total metals in the exchangeable fraction, 9.95% in the carbonate fraction with chromium and copper not detected, 28.47% in the Fe-Mn oxides fraction with manganese being predominant, 8.44% in the organic fraction and 46.86% in the residual. The general pattern was that the bulk of the trace’s metals studied were present in the non-mobile, slightly or non-reactive, poorly or non-available forms.