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White J, Li J, Newcombe R, Walton D. Tripling use of electronic cigarettes among New Zealand adolescents between 2012 and 2014. J Adolesc Health. 2015 May;56(5):522-8.

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Article

Prevalence and Determinants of Electronic Cigarettes Use among Governmental Secondary School Students in Makkah, 2018

1Family Medicine Resident, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabiay


American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019, Vol. 7 No. 3, 105-111
DOI: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-3-9
Copyright © 2019 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Moneerah Ibrahim Al-Qarni. Prevalence and Determinants of Electronic Cigarettes Use among Governmental Secondary School Students in Makkah, 2018. American Journal of Medical Sciences and Medicine. 2019; 7(3):105-111. doi: 10.12691/ajmsm-7-3-9.

Correspondence to: Moneerah  Ibrahim Al-Qarni, Family Medicine Resident, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabiay. Email: Silver.moon.20@hotmail.com

Abstract

Background: Since introduction in the early 2000s, e-cigarette use has rapidly increased among adolescents worldwide. However, little is known about e-cigarette uptake among adolescents in Saudi Arabia. Objectives: To explore the prevalence and determinants of the e-cigarette use among governmental secondary school students in Makkah, 2018. Subjects and methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out, including a random representative sample of students attending governmental secondary schools in Makkah during 2018-2019. A self-administered validated questionnaire was adopted and modified from WHO Youth Tobacco Survey 2011 consisting of socio-demographic and personal characteristics and associated determinants. Results: The study included 301 governmental secondary school students. More than half of the students (54.2%) were females and 56.8% were Saudis. Forty-five students (15%) ever tried to use electronic cigarettes whereas twenty-seven (9%) students have used e-cigarettes in the past 30 days. Higher school grades, higher allowance, working fathers, higher educated mothers, parental smoking, friend smoking, ignorance of the fact that e-cigarettes contain nicotine and of the harmful impacts of the e-cigarettes on health are significantly associated with e-cigarette use. The main reasons for e-cigarette use among those who ever tried them (n=45) were the desire to have an experience with e-cigarette (77.8%), feeling that e-cigarette can help them quit smoking (64.4%), trying to taste and smell the e-cigarette (62.2%) and feeling that e-cigarette is safer than tobacco cigarette (60.0%). Conclusion: E-cigarettes have been tried and currently used by a considerable proportion of students enrolled in governmental secondary schools in Makkah. Some associated factors were identified.

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