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Article

Educational Program on the Knowledge and Attitude of Pregnant Women Regarding Neonatal Jaundice

1Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt

2Maternity and Neonatal Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt

3Pediatric and Premature Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt

4Community Health Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Egypt


American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019, Vol. 7 No. 4, 542-549
DOI: 10.12691/ajnr-7-4-16
Copyright © 2019 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Fatma R khalaf, HebaM. Mohamed, Atyat Mohammed Hassan, Safaa H Mohamed, Ahmed K. Ibrahim. Educational Program on the Knowledge and Attitude of Pregnant Women Regarding Neonatal Jaundice. American Journal of Nursing Research. 2019; 7(4):542-549. doi: 10.12691/ajnr-7-4-16.

Correspondence to: Atyat  Mohammed Hassan, Pediatric and Premature Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Assiut University, Egypt. Email: atyathassan@aun.edu.eg

Abstract

Background: Early awareness of pregnant women about neonatal jaundice (NNJ) has an essential role in preventing severe hyperbilirubinemia and its dangerous complications. Aim: the study aimed to assess the level of knowledge and attitude of pregnant women regarding NNJ and to evaluate the effect of an educational program for neonatal jaundice among the target population. Subject and methods: three hundred pregnant women attended the Antenatal Clinic at Women Health Hospital in Assiut University were divided into 150 pregnant women as study and 150 as control groups. Quasi-experimental research design was applied. Tool: Using a structured interview questionnaire including five parts; personal data, obstetric, medical and family history, assessment of knowledge, attitude toward neonatal jaundice, and neonatal follow up. Results: There was a statistically significance difference between level of knowledge and attitude in pre- vs. post-test in the study group compared with the control group and there was statistical evidence of neonatal outcomes for improving women's breast feeding and decrease number of jaundice days. Conclusion: This study revealed that pregnant women had inadequate knowledge regarding NNJ and their attitude was negative while the application of an educational program has led to significant improvement in the level of women's knowledge and attitude in the study group, which was reflected on the newborn positively. Recommendations: Implementing a routine health education program for pregnant women about NNJ and raising awareness of the relatives as they were identified as the main source of knowledge.

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