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Land Use Pattern Impact on Biogeochemistry of Soil in Auraiya District of Uttar Pradesh, India

1School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

2Amity University, Uttar Pradesh, India

American Journal of Water Resources. 2019, Vol. 7 No. 1, 30-41
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-7-1-5
Copyright © 2019 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Deepak Singh, Yogesh Kumar, Usha Mina. Land Use Pattern Impact on Biogeochemistry of Soil in Auraiya District of Uttar Pradesh, India. American Journal of Water Resources. 2019; 7(1):30-41. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-7-1-5.

Correspondence to: Usha  Mina, School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. Email:


The natural resources on the Earth are limited and these resources should be used judiciously for sustainability. One of the important natural resource is the soil, use by the people for various purposes. When its utilization and consumption is skewed, then it affects the soil quality. To fulfill the needs of the people of the region, there is need for the proper management of this particular resource. The present study tries to characterize the soil of Auraiya district, which has undergone major change in land use pattern in last two decades. The different biogeochemical parameters studied in the present study are important from the point of view to know the level of degradation of the soil of the region. The present study characterizes the biogeochemical soil quality parameters of five representative villages of the Auraiya district located in state of Uttar Pradesh, India. The land use pattern of Auraiya district shows that its land is utilized for agriculture, residential colony and industrial set up. The different biogeochemical soil parameters studied are pH, Electrical Conductivity, Water Holding Capacity, macronutrients namely, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and available Potassium, micronutrients like Aluminium, Manganese, Iron, Boron and microorganism (bacteria) named E.coli population load. The correlation matrix result showed that the pH has inverse relationships with all other parameters except Mn and EC. The WHC is negatively related with EC, N, P, Al and Fe levels. The available Nitrogen in the soil has inverse relationship with the pH which may be due to the volatilization loss of nitrogen. The content of the E.coli was high during the winter season at Ranipur village. Among the seasonal variation in the soil quality parameters shows that there is variation during these periods. The studied sites are mainly under agriculture practice but the water used by the farmers of the areas comes from the rivers, canals, lakes, underground water etc. These water resources receive different types of pollutant from the industrial units, commercial places and solid waste from the municipal bodies located nearby. This polluted water when used gets mixed with soil and interferes with the soil nutrients contents. The variation in soil quality parameters between villages indicate that villages and the adjoining area are subjected to major land use change, due to which the soil quality parameters and nutrients content have declined. To achieve and maintain the soil resource, sustainability, there is need for short and long term strategies for sustainable development planning so that the needs of people is fulfilled with degrading the soil resource.