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Article

Determination of Active Protection Measures against Fire in Wuse Market of the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria

1Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria


American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019, Vol. 7 No. 2, 61-66
DOI: 10.12691/ajcea-7-2-3
Copyright © 2019 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Odaudu Ugbede Sunday, S.N. Zubairu, A.D. Isah. Determination of Active Protection Measures against Fire in Wuse Market of the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2019; 7(2):61-66. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-7-2-3.

Correspondence to: Odaudu  Ugbede Sunday, Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. Email: arcodauduugbede@yahoo.com

Abstract

Fire outbreak is the leading cause of lives and properties loss in Nigerian markets. In order to reduce this problem, a study was conducted on Wuse market of the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria with the aim of determining the active protection measures against fire in the market, in order to generate guidelines that can reduce the occurrences of fire outbreaks in Nigerian markets. Systematic sampling method was applied at every 5th interval of sales points for the purpose of getting the sample size for this study; this led to the selection of 419 sales points out of the 2,091 sales points in the market. The instruments that were used to collect the primary research data are questionnaires, focus group discussions, interview questions, discussions and direct observation schedule. The secondary research data were obtained from the reviews of the relevant literature on fire outbreaks in markets and other public buildings; other fire related issues in and outside Nigeria. Among the research findings are: the use of substandard fire extinguishers causes rapid spread of fires in the market; there are buildings in the market without front verandahs or corridors for mounting fire protection devices on their walls. Among the recommended guidelines are: the government of Nigeria should ban the use of substandard fire extinguishers in markets; floors of the lock-up shops in markets must be designed to have front verandahs/corridors and their inner walls should be appropriately used as the locations where the required wall mountable fire protection devices shall be fixed upon.

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