Article citationsMore >>

Wright, E.L. (9 May 2009). “What is the evidence for the Big Bang?”. Frequently Asked Questions in Cosmology. UCLA, Division of Astronomy and Astrophysics. Retrieved 16 October 2009.

has been cited by the following article:


Unified Field Theory and the Hierarchical Universe

1Wayne State University, Detroit

2Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China

3Deerfield High School, Deerfield

International Journal of Physics. 2013, Vol. 1 No. 6, 162-170
DOI: 10.12691/ijp-1-6-5
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Zhiliang Cao, Henry Gu Cao. Unified Field Theory and the Hierarchical Universe. International Journal of Physics. 2013; 1(6):162-170. doi: 10.12691/ijp-1-6-5.

Correspondence to: Zhiliang  Cao, Wayne State University, Detroit. Email:


Everything from the smallest particle to the grand universe is constructed by Torque Grids. The grand structure of the universe is made up of infinite hierarchical Torque Grids; this theory falsifies Big Bang Theory (BBT) and Black Hole Theory. A Torque Grid is 10-25 times smaller than an atom, and our universal Torque Grid size is 4.98 * 1026 m. The Universe is timeless. The configuration of Spiral Arm Galaxy can also be explained by Unified Field Theory.