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Optimization Toolbox for use with MATLAB. Users guide, Version 2. The Mathworks Inc., Natick (USA, 2004.

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Optimization of Semi-active Seat Suspension

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Košice, Košice, Slovakia

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade University, Belgrade, Serbia

American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2013, Vol. 1 No. 7, 221-225
DOI: 10.12691/ajme-1-7-14
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Stefan Segla, N. Trišović. Optimization of Semi-active Seat Suspension. American Journal of Mechanical Engineering. 2013; 1(7):221-225. doi: 10.12691/ajme-1-7-14.

Correspondence to: Stefan  Segla, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Košice, Košice, Slovakia. Email:


This paper deals with modeling and optimization of the dynamic characteristics of a working machine semi-active suspension seat. The seat suspension is composed of a spring parallelly ordered with a semi-active damper controlled by the sky-hook control algorithm. The paper also points on the possibility of improving the dynamic characteristics of the seat with the use of a dynamic vibration absorber. The dynamic characteristics of the suspensions were optimized using a two-objective function, where besides the component respecting the effect of the effective acceleration of the seat also the effect of the effective relative displacement between the seat and the floor of the working machine cabin was considered. The first component expresses comfort of the seat and the second one expresses the safety of machine handling. The semi-active seat suspension provides significant improvement of the seat dynamic characteristics compared with passive suspensions. Further improvement was brought by the dynamic vibration absorber.