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Aderibigbe, T.A, Azeez J.A. and Olisah, C, Hydrochemical Studies of Surface Water and Groundwater in Lagos State, Southwest Nigeria. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology (IOSR-JESTFT) e-ISSN: 2319-2402, p- ISSN: 2319-2399. Volume 9, Issue 12 Ver. III (Dec. 2015), 2015. 43-52.

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New Fundamental Concept Useful for Classification of Water Quality

1Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia, on leave from Kordofan University, Sudan

2Department of Geology, Faculty of Petroleum & Minerals, Alneelain University, Khartoum-Sudan

3Department of Geology, College of Science and Information Technology, Nyala University, Nyala, Sudan

American Journal of Water Resources. 2018, Vol. 6 No. 5, 186-188
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-6-5-1
Copyright © 2018 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Elhag A. B, Siddig M.E., Musa M. A.. New Fundamental Concept Useful for Classification of Water Quality. American Journal of Water Resources. 2018; 6(5):186-188. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-6-5-1.

Correspondence to: Musa  M. A., Department of Geology, College of Science and Information Technology, Nyala University, Nyala, Sudan. Email:


Due to human and human activities, the groundwater polluted. This is the severe century problem now. Thus the analysis of the water quality is critical to preserve and perfect the natural ecosystem. The primary objective of this paper is to study the groundwater quality parameters. Elhag Banaga’s diagram can understand the mechanism of chemical reactions leading to the change in the composition of groundwater and source of the dissolved ions in the groundwater. The diagram innovates not only shown the nature of given water sample graphically and dictates the relationship to other samples, but there are some different methods and schemes used to classify natural water quality, source, origin and determine their suitability for different purposes depending on the concentrations of the necessary components. The new diagram is useful for better understanding the evolution of hydrochemical parameters of groundwater that can be by plotting the concentration of major cations and anions in percentage, and itis divides the water quality into four types. The results of this analysis compared with the water quality standards of Elhag Banaga’s diagrams, 2018. (Trigonal shapes) and Piper diagram.