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Socio-Ecology of Textile Industry in Bangladesh

1Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

2Department of Accounting and Information System, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

3Shalua Degree College, Charghat, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018, Vol. 2 No. 2, 69-76
DOI: 10.12691/jsa-2-2-5
Copyright © 2018 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Md. Redwanur Rahman, Md. Razib Ahsan, Modan Mohan Dey, Md. Yeamin Ali, Md. Atiqur Rahman, Md. Azibar Rahman. Socio-Ecology of Textile Industry in Bangladesh. Journal of Sociology and Anthropology. 2018; 2(2):69-76. doi: 10.12691/jsa-2-2-5.

Correspondence to: Md.  Redwanur Rahman, Institute of Environmental Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Email:


The garment sector represents the 80% of the national export and counts USD 19 billion revenues; these numbers describe the sector as the most important manufacturing industry in Bangladesh. The social contribution by some selected sample mills was 0.813% of total net profit. It is also found that social responsibilities of sample mills regarding the payment of wages were not satisfactory. 53.33% of total sample mills pay minimum wages of Tk. 3000 to 3500 and none pays above Tk. 4000 per month during the study period for their workers. The minimum wages were not sufficient for the workers to maintain standard of livings as per market price and cost of living. This fosters labor unrest and unpleasant social, ecological and economic condition. It is also observed that 82% of the total workers regarded cotton and fabric dust as the principal reasons behind major health problems. 44.66% of them claimed the huge sound menace, 29.33% of them defined dyeing effluent as major causes of health problems, 19.33% of total respondents claimed the lack of pure drinking water and 19.33% of them claimed the inadequate number of latrines as the principal reasons of occupational health hazards. According to the stakeholder’s opinion about sample mills’ responsibility toward consumers, it is found that 42% of total stakeholders opined that textile business discharged minimum responsibility and 20% of them told that they did not perform any responsibility to the consumers in Bangladesh. The present study was also observed the level of occupational stress, mental health as well as associated factors in the textile industries.