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A Case Report: Acute Pericarditis Revealing Celiac Disease

1Department of Critical Care, Hospital 13 de Maio, Sorriso, Brazil

2Department of Endoscopy, Hospital 13 de Maio, Sorriso, Brazil

3Department of Echocardiography, Hospital 13 de Maio, Sorriso, Brazil

International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2018, Vol. 6 No. 2, 49-51
DOI: 10.12691/ijcd-6-2-5
Copyright © 2018 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Edgar Stroppa Lamas, Junior Luiz Pasin, Elio João Jaskulski, Ricardo Bononi, Marly Mitico Kawahara. A Case Report: Acute Pericarditis Revealing Celiac Disease. International Journal of Celiac Disease. 2018; 6(2):49-51. doi: 10.12691/ijcd-6-2-5.

Correspondence to: Edgar  Stroppa Lamas, Department of Critical Care, Hospital 13 de Maio, Sorriso, Brazil. Email:


Background: Acute pericarditis is usually attributed to viral etiology, but rarely proven. It can be the first manifestation of an autoimmune disorder such as celiac disease. In this context, there are just a few case reports demonstrating the association between acute pericarditis with celiac disease. Case presentation: We describe a case of 48-year-old male patient admitted with acute chest pain. Electrocardiogram showed classical patterns of acute pericarditis and no evidence of acute myocardial ischemia. Based on a history of iron deficiency anemia, refractory to oral therapy, further investigation with duodenal biopsy revealed celiac disease. Treatment was initiated with ibuprofen and colchicine showing a good clinical response. After the confirmation by duodenal biopsy, gluten-free diet was started, obtaining subsequent normalization of hematimetric parameters. Conclusions: The association of celiac disease and acute pericarditis reports are rare. Efforts are mandatory to investigate concomitant autoimmune systemic diseases, with impact on overall management of the patient and possible avoiding further pericardial events.