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Our Sub-Universe, the Wider Universe, and Their Properties

1Division of Economics, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

International Journal of Physics. 2013, Vol. 1 No. 6, 138-145
DOI: 10.12691/ijp-1-6-2
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Yew-Kwang Ng. Our Sub-Universe, the Wider Universe, and Their Properties. International Journal of Physics. 2013; 1(6):138-145. doi: 10.12691/ijp-1-6-2.

Correspondence to: Yew-Kwang  Ng, Division of Economics, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Email:


Following on from an argument that our finite (sub) universe from the Big Bang was created by a natural ‘God’ (thus differing from the supernatural God of the religion) that evolved in the wider universe, this paper argues that our sub-universe is only a small part of the wider universe defined to include everything. From compelling axioms, the wider universe is infinitely old, infinitely large, and was not created but exists by itself naturally from eternity. The question ‘why is there the wider universe?’ is meaningless or at least does not have an answer. Given the first law of thermodynamics, something must have existed for ever. Different conceptions of this ever-existing thing are compared and the conception of the present paper argued to be compelling. The recent report [1] on pre-Big Bang rings of radiation supports the conception of the present paper.