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Silanan, K., Chaiear, N., Reechaipichitkul, W., “Prevalence of silicosis in stone carving workers being exposed to inorganic dust at Sikhiu District Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand; preliminary results”, J Med Assoc Thailand, 100 (5). 598-602. May. 2017.

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Article

Sensitivity and Specificity of Occupational Health Doctors in Reading Pneumoconiosis Radiographs

1Division of Occupational Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University

2Central Chest Institute of Thailand, Department of Medical Services, Ministry of Public Health

3Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University


American Journal of Public Health Research. 2018, Vol. 6 No. 2, 106-110
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-6-2-13
Copyright © 2018 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Phanumas Krisorn, Naesinee Chaiear, Ponglada Subhannachart, Narongpon Dumavibhat, Sutarat Tungsagunwattana. Sensitivity and Specificity of Occupational Health Doctors in Reading Pneumoconiosis Radiographs. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2018; 6(2):106-110. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-6-2-13.

Correspondence to: Naesinee  Chaiear, Division of Occupational Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University. Email: naesinee@kku.ac.th

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to examine the sensitivity and specificity of occupational health doctors (OHDs)’ reading of early-stage pneumoconiosis radiographs. Materials and Methods: A screening test was applied, and 33 OHDs consented to participate in the study. There were atotal of 67 chest radiographs, which consisted of normal and early-stage pneumoconiosis film. The cut-point for disease was set at profusion0/1 and 1/0. Mean sensitivity and specificity for small opacity detection were analyzed. Results: The median sensitivity of ILO profusion of 0/1 or above was 88% (IQR 10.3), and the median sensitivity of film with a 1/0 cutoff pointwas slightly higher at90% (IQR 10.3).The average specificity for ILO profusion of 0/1 or above was 43.3% (SD21.1). Upon increasing the cut-point at profusion1/0, the average specificity increased to 47.0% (SD 20.9). Conclusion: This study showed that occupational health doctors were able to interpret chest radiographs of workers with early-stage pneumoconiosis. This indicates that the development of OHDs’ chest X-ray reading skillsis valuable in order to improve the national pneumoconiosis surveillance system.

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