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Md Kamrul Hassan, Pradipta Halder, Paavo Pelkonen and Ari Pappinen, “Rural households’ preferences and attitudes towards biomass fuels - results from a comprehensive field survey in Bangladesh”

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Article

A Review on Primary and Sustainable Energy Scenario in Bangladesh

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh

2Department of Economics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh

3Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh


Sustainable Energy. 2018, Vol. 6 No. 1, 1-10
DOI: 10.12691/rse-6-1-1
Copyright © 2018 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Md. Nur Alam Mondal, Mohammad Jakaria, M. Mehedi Hasan. A Review on Primary and Sustainable Energy Scenario in Bangladesh. Sustainable Energy. 2018; 6(1):1-10. doi: 10.12691/rse-6-1-1.

Correspondence to: Md.  Nur Alam Mondal, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh. Email: md.nur.buet@gmail.com

Abstract

A comprehensive overview of present primary energy production and its scenario in Bangladesh has been presented in this paper. The total primary energy consumption in Bangladesh is measured about 32.4 Mtoe in 2016 with a growth rate 3.2% which is significantly high from previous years. This high energy consumption is still met by the nonrenewable sources like natural gas, coal and crude oil. As a result, this high dependency and depletion of those fossil fuels reserve as well as the growing demand of energy supply frequently arise the issue of energy sustainability. That’s why, this study is also focused on the discussion on prospect of primary energy in future as well as on exploration of the alternative energies like biomass, solar, nuclear and hydro energy to meet the growing demand of energy supply. Besides a short details on various ongoing and upcoming projects are mentioned which are undertaken by the Bangladesh government to promote renewable energy use as well as to create energy policy and regulations to attain the security and reliability of energy supply in this country.

Keywords