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Carson V, Stone M, Faulkner G. Patterns of sedentary behavior and weight status among children. Pediatr. Exerc. Sci. 2014; 26(1): 95-102.

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Article

The Impact of a Community-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Program on Children¡¯s Physical Activity and Fitness

1Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Independence Square II, Kingston, Rhode Island, United States

2Kinder Health RI, Wakefield, Rhode Island, United States

3Coastal Medical Narragansett Bay Pediatrics, South Kingstown, Rhode Island, United States

4Wakefield Pediatrics, Wakefield, Rhode Island, United States

5Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Rhode Island, Fogarty Hall, Kingston, Rhode Island, United States


Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017, Vol. 2 No. 1, 44-49
DOI: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-8
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Furong Xu, Mary L. Greaney, Stephanie Marchand, Celeste Corcoran, Heather Di Biasio, Jane Baruch, Deborah Riebe, Geoffrey W. Greene. The Impact of a Community-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Program on Children¡¯s Physical Activity and Fitness. Journal of Physical Activity Research. 2017; 2(1):44-49. doi: 10.12691/jpar-2-1-8.

Correspondence to: Furong  Xu, Department of Kinesiology, University of Rhode Island, Independence Square II, Kingston, Rhode Island, United States. Email: fxu2007@uri.edu

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of South County Food, Fitness and Fun (SCFFF), a 16-week community-based obesity prevention program, on children¡¯s moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), physical fitness, body mass index (BMI), and BMI z-score. A non-randomized pre-test and post-test study design was used to assess changes in MVPA, physical fitness, BMI and BMI z-score from baseline to program end. MVPA was measured by accelerometer, physical fitness measured by Fitnessgram, and height and weight were measured by stadiometer and scale and used to calculate BMI. The analytic sample for this study included 53 children from nine SCFFF programs conducted between 2011-2016. There was a significant increase in the percentage of time children spent participating in MVPA (1.12%; p=0.022), curl-ups (p<0.001) and trunk lifts (p=0.004). BMI z-score decreased (p<0.001). Results reinforce the importance of offering community-based interventions that include caregivers to prevent excess weight gain in children.

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