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Zhang, W., Liu, Z. and Mao, P., "Different additives to inhibit magnesia (MgO) hydration" Advance and materials research, 557-559. 3-7. 2012.

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Article

Ceramic Expansion by Water Layers on Magnesium Oxide: AB InitioStudy

1Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq

2Department of Chmistry, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq


American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 2013, Vol. 1 No. 3, 50-53
DOI: 10.12691/ajmse-1-3-4
Copyright © 2013 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Aqeel M. Ali, Ali H. Al-Mowali. Ceramic Expansion by Water Layers on Magnesium Oxide: AB InitioStudy. American Journal of Materials Science and Engineering. 2013; 1(3):50-53. doi: 10.12691/ajmse-1-3-4.

Correspondence to: Ali H. Al-Mowali, Department of Chmistry, College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq. Email: ali_almoali@yahoo.com

Abstract

MgO hydration is an expansive process. It is used in cement to compensate for shrinkage, but it can be harmful at higher concentrations. First-principles calculations have been used to investigate the electronic properties of the steps of the hydration of MgO using the general gradient approximation GGA functional method within density functional method (DFT). The energy bands along high symmetry directions, energy of hydration and energy of dissociation cut through various planes are presented. The first principles band structure calculations reported here were carried out using Perdew, Burke and Ernzerhof (PBE) method. The calculations have been applied to investigate water adsorption on the (001, 110, 111 and 210) surfaces of MgO crystal. The hydrated MgO surfaces show a similar band structure that of brucite material. Both molecular adsorption and dissociative adsorption have been found to occur. The MgO surfaces have different tendency to interact with water molecules, and they differ in susceptibility disintegration of expansion. The results show that the safest surface is (001) group, while the harmful surfaces are (210) and (111) groups.

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