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Radloff, L. (1977). The CES-D Scale: a self-report depression scale for research in the general population. Applied Psychological Measurement. 1, 385-401.

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Article

The Correlates of Quality Of Life among Jordanian Patients with Major Depressive Disorder

1Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Zarqa University

2Clinical Nurse Specialist, Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic at King Abdullah University Hospital


Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2016, Vol. 4 No. 2, 28-33
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-4-2-3
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ahmad Rayan, Maryam Husnee Mahroum. The Correlates of Quality Of Life among Jordanian Patients with Major Depressive Disorder. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2016; 4(2):28-33. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-4-2-3.

Correspondence to: Ahmad  Rayan, Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, Zarqa University. Email: Ahmed_rayan87@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Despite the increasing rates of patients diagnosed with major depression in Jordan, there is little knowledge available about the factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among this population in particular. This knowledge is needed to implement relevant supporting programs to improve their quality of life. Purpose: This study aims to assess the level of quality of life among Jordanian patients with major depressive disorder, and to examine the possible relationship between quality of life and other factors (demographic variables, stigma of mental illness, and severity of depressive symptoms) in this population. Methodology of the Study: A descriptive correlational design was used. A convenience sample of 161 Jordanian outpatients suffering from Major Depression Disorder (MDD) completed the study. Participants completed the demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Percieved Devaluation-Discrimination Scale, and Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36). Results: Participants reported poor QOL in all domains. Age, income, stigma toward mental illness, and severity of depressive symptoms were significantly correlated with QOL among the study sample. Multiple hierarchical regression analysis revealed that the severity of depressive symptoms is the strongest correlate of QOL, which accounted for 24% additional variance above and beyond the 18% variance accounted for by all other variables. Conclusion: This is the first study to assess QOL in an Arab population with major depression. Replication of the current study in other Arab samples is emphasized. Psychotherapy and other interventions are still needed even after the acute symptoms of the clinical depression are remitted.

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