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Ezeh G.C., Obioh I.B., Asubiojo O.I. and Abiye O.E. (2012) PIXE characterization of PM10 and PM2.5 particulates sizes collected in Ikoyi Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 94(5), 884-894.

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Article

Trace Metals in Total Atmospheric Depositions (TAD) of a Nigerian Island

1African Institute for Science Policy and Innovations, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Nigeria

2Atmospheric Research and Information Analysis Laboratory (ARIAL), Centre for Energy Research and Development (CERD), Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife


Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2016, Vol. 4 No. 1, 15-22
DOI: 10.12691/jap-4-1-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
C.A. Onwudiegwu, G.C. Ezeh, I.B. Obioh. Trace Metals in Total Atmospheric Depositions (TAD) of a Nigerian Island. Journal of Atmospheric Pollution. 2016; 4(1):15-22. doi: 10.12691/jap-4-1-2.

Correspondence to: G.C.  Ezeh, Atmospheric Research and Information Analysis Laboratory (ARIAL), Centre for Energy Research and Development (CERD), Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife. Email: gcezeh@cerd.gov.ng, goddyich@yahoo.com

Abstract

The paucity of data on air quality studies in Nigeria prompted us to commence the monitoring of total atmospheric deposition (TAD) in Lagos Island, Nigeria. TAD samples were collected every 30 days for a period of two years using a local assembled gauge fashioned after the Australian model gauge. Elemental characterization was carried out by Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) technique via an in-vacuum ion beam set-up. The TAD rates ranged from 1 to 62 g-1m3 month-1. Twenty-eight elements (Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Ga, As, Zn, Se, Br, Rb, Y, Nb, Mo, Sr, Zr and Pb) were detected in both fractions and their concentrations were assessed. Enrichment factors (EF) and pollution indices (PLI) were calculated and results revealed that most elements were anthropogenic with concentrations exceeding the World Health Organization guideline standards.

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