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Article

Assessment of Natural Radioactivity of Soil Sample in Selected Locations of Basrah Governorate

1Department of Physics College of Science, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq

2Department of Physics College of Education for Pure Sciences, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq


International Journal of Physics. 2016, Vol. 4 No. 2, 32-36
DOI: 10.12691/ijp-4-2-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Wejood. Tuama Saadon, Abdul R. H. Subber, Hussain. A. Hussain. Assessment of Natural Radioactivity of Soil Sample in Selected Locations of Basrah Governorate. International Journal of Physics. 2016; 4(2):32-36. doi: 10.12691/ijp-4-2-2.

Correspondence to: Abdul  R. H. Subber, Department of Physics College of Education for Pure Sciences, University of Basrah, Basrah, Iraq. Email: dabrhs@hotmail.com

Abstract

The concentration levels of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in soil have a great concern in the recent decades, due to its effect on the human health. The radioactivity of some soil samples taken from selected locations in Basrah Governorate have been measured using a NaI(Tl) detector based on gamma ray spectroscopy. Radium equivalent activity, external and internal hazard indices associated with the natural radionuclide were calculated to assess the radiation hazard of the natural radioactivity on the occupiers. The present investigation shows that the level of natural radioactivity for 232Th and 40K in such soil is well below the acceptable limits, while 226Ra is higher. From the analysing the results, it was found that soil in the area does not possess any health hazard to the inhabitant.

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