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Al-Rousan, S. A.; Al-Shloul, R. N.; Al-Horani, F. A. and Abu-Hilal, A. H. (2007): Heavy metal contents in growth bands of Porites corals: record of anthropogenic and human developments from the Jordanian Gulf of Aqaba. Mar. Poll. Bull., 24(12): 1912-1922.

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Article

Spatial and Seasonal Variations of Heavy Metals in Water and Sediments at the Northern Red Sea Coast

1Marine Pollution Laboratory, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Egypt


American Journal of Water Resources. 2015, Vol. 3 No. 3, 73-85
DOI: 10.12691/ajwr-3-3-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ahmed S. Abouhend, Khalid M. El-Moselhy. Spatial and Seasonal Variations of Heavy Metals in Water and Sediments at the Northern Red Sea Coast. American Journal of Water Resources. 2015; 3(3):73-85. doi: 10.12691/ajwr-3-3-2.

Correspondence to: Ahmed  S. Abouhend, Marine Pollution Laboratory, National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Egypt. Email: aabouhend@umass.edu, ahmed_salah7257@yahoo.com

Abstract

The spatial and seasonal variations of heavy metals concentrations (Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn, Pb, Co, Mn, Fe) in water and sediments of different sites at the Northern Red Sea coast during the year 2012 were investigated. The results revealed a small range of variation and regional irregularities. Site III (Hurgaha Harbor) recorded the highest metal concentrations in water and sediments except Co during the different seasons. The annual means of metal concentrations in water were 0.14 ± 0.04 - 0.42 ± 0.03, 0.39 ± 0.11 - 4.71 ± 0.87, 0.16 ± 0.04 - 2.15 ± 0.10, 0.94 ± 0.07 - 12.07 ± 2.78, 0.73 ± 0.43 - 5.84 ± 0.74, 0.10 ± 0.02 - 0.42 ± 0.01, 0.06 ± 0.04 - 0.39 ± 0.07 and 8.68 ± 0.80 - 36.53 ± 2.76 µg l-1 for Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn, Pb, Co, Mn and Fe, respectively, while in sediments were 1.73 ± 0.36 - 4.40 ± 1.99, 8.5 ± 0.37 - 111.3 ± 23.89, 16.20 ± 1.39 - 39.00 ± 1.95, 19.23 ± 3.01 - 190.33 ± 13.02, 16.00 ± 0.82 - 80.33 ± 4.19, 10.10 ± 1.68 - 19.23 ± 2.47, 106.00 ± 10.20 - 323.33 ± 46.35 and 4172.00 ± 430.37 - 14222.33 ± 691.02 µg g-1, respectively. According to different standard marine water and sediments quality guidelines, heavy metals concentrations at the most of studied sites appeared within the normal range.

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