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Likert, R. “A technique for the measurement of attitudes”.Archives of Psychology, 1932;Vol 22, No. 140, p 55.

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Article

Perceptions Influencing Self Medication with Antibiotics and/or Antimalarials among the Households in Nyalenda B Sub-Location, Kisumu County, Kenya

1Tropical Institute of Community Health, Great Lakes University of Kisumu


American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015, Vol. 3 No. 3, 116-121
DOI: 10.12691/ajphr-3-3-7
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Owour I. A., Prof Alwar J., Oyugi H.. Perceptions Influencing Self Medication with Antibiotics and/or Antimalarials among the Households in Nyalenda B Sub-Location, Kisumu County, Kenya. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2015; 3(3):116-121. doi: 10.12691/ajphr-3-3-7.

Correspondence to: Owour  I. A., Tropical Institute of Community Health, Great Lakes University of Kisumu. Email: isabelowuor@yahoo.com

Abstract

Objectives:This study was designed to investigate the level of self medication with antibiotics and/or antimalarials and perceptions influencing the practice among the households in Nyalenda B Sub Location. Methods: This isa cross sectional study carried out on 350 systematically sampled household heads after clustering the households into five clusters of 70 households in Novermber 2012. Quantitative primary data was obtained through the administration of pretested structured questionnaires comprising of likert scales, multiple and closed ended questions on the perceptions of consumption of self medication as a good and a service and questions establishing the demographics of the consumers. Results: The proportion of self medication with antibiotics and/or antimalalarials is 76.9% (95% CI: 3.01-3.17) and the households perceptions influencing the practice are availability of information through advertisement (OR: 2.065, 95%CI: 1.218-3.502, p-value 0.007) of antibiotics and/or antimalarials and advise given by medical practitioners (OR: 0.467, 95%CI: 0.272-0.800, p-value0.006),distance from the health facility (OR: 2.743,95% CI:1.042-5.009, p-value: 0.001),inadequately equipped local health facilities (OR:1.948,95% CI:1.042-3.642, p-value: 0.037), sexually transmitted diseases (OR: 1.869, 95% C.I: 1.039-3.362, p-value, 0.037). Conclusion: Households perceive self medication with antibiotics and/or antimalarials as convenient and appropriate and this has an influence on the practice.

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