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Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

ISSN (Print): 2333-4371

ISSN (Online): 2333-438X

Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/RPBS

Current Issue» Volume 3, Number 1 (2015)

Article

Psychometric Evidence of the Italian Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) in Patients with Anxiety Disorders and Psychosis

1Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy

2Miller Institute for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Genoa, Italy

3Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Italy


Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2015, 3(1), 7-17
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-3-1-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Andrea Pozza, Davide Dèttore. Psychometric Evidence of the Italian Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) in Patients with Anxiety Disorders and Psychosis. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2015; 3(1):7-17. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-3-1-3.

Correspondence to: Andrea  Pozza, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy. Email: apsycho@hotmail.it

Abstract

The Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3) is an 18-item measure, recently developed to assess AS, based, consisting of Physical Concerns (eg, the belief that palpitations lead to a cardiac arrest), Social Concerns (eg, the belief that publicly observable anxiety reactions will elicit social refusal), and Cognitive Concerns (eg, the belief that cognitive difficulties lead to insanity). In the Italian context there is a lack of a validated measure of AS, to date.The current study assessed factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Italian ASI-3 in large community and clinical samples. The Italian ASI-3, the Beck Depression Inventory-II, and the State and Trait Anxiety Inventory-trait subscale were administered to 547 community individuals and 146 patients with a primary panic disorder (PD) (n= 30), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) (n= 33), social phobia (SPh) (n= 25), or psychosis (PSY) (n= 28). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported the three dimensions of AS in the community sample. All the ASI-3 dimensions showed good to excellent internal consistency, and moderate correlations with depression and trait anxiety measures. Physical Concerns discriminated PD patients from community individuals and the other clinical groups. Social Concerns discriminated SPh patients from community individuals and the other clinical groups. Patients with anxiety disorders had comparable scores on Cognitive Concerns and higher than community individuals. Patients with GAD endorsed higher scores than patients with PSY, specifically. Theoretical explanations, implication for research, and limitations are discussed.

Keywords

References

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Article

Refusal of Food Ingestion of Old Male BUF/Mna Rats in Metabolic Cages

1Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake-shi, Aichi-ken Japan

2Department of Pathology, Chubu Rousai Hospital, 1-10-6 Komei, Minato-ku, Nagoya-shi, Aichi-ken 455-8530, Japan


Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2015, 3(1), 5-6
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-3-1-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Mutsushi Matsuyama, Kazuo Kato. Refusal of Food Ingestion of Old Male BUF/Mna Rats in Metabolic Cages . Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2015; 3(1):5-6. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-3-1-2.

Correspondence to: Mutsushi  Matsuyama, Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake-shi, Aichi-ken Japan. Email: mmatsuya@fujita-hu.ac.jp

Abstract

Forty-four percent of old male BUF/Mna rats showed refusal of food intake when they were isolated in metabolic cages.

Keywords

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Article

Ingratiation, Attractiveness, and Interpretational Relation of Youths

1Faculty of Art, Hong Kong Institute of Technology, Hong Kong


Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2015, 3(1), 1-4
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-3-1-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Kwok Kuen Tsang. Ingratiation, Attractiveness, and Interpretational Relation of Youths. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2015; 3(1):1-4. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-3-1-1.

Correspondence to: Kwok  Kuen Tsang, Faculty of Art, Hong Kong Institute of Technology, Hong Kong. Email: gkk1212@gmail.com

Abstract

The aim of the research is to understand the relationships between ingratiation, attractiveness, and interpersonal relation. To achieve the aim, the research interviews 109 Hong Kong youths by using the method of online questionnaire survey. The research findings first suggest that self-presentation, other enhancement, favor rendering, and modesty are the ingratiatory tactics among the youths, but self-presentation and favor rendering have significant impacts on interpersonal relation of the youths. Second, the findings show that attractiveness consists of two factors, which are social attraction and physical attraction. The physical attraction is positively related to interpersonal relation, but social attraction does not. However, the physical attraction does not determine the youths’ interpersonal relation because a regression analysis illustrates an insignificant effect of physical attraction to interpersonal relation. Accordingly, ingratiation may not necessarily increase one’s attractiveness and then interpersonal relation. Based on the findings, the research gives recommendations to improve the social life of the youths.

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