Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Current Issue» Volume 2, Number 4 (2014)


Influence of Emotional Intelligence and Gender on Job Satisfaction among Local Government Employees

1Department of Psychology, Imo State University, Owerri

2Department of Psychology, Caritas University, Enugu

3Department of Psychology, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu

Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2014, 2(4), 86-89
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-2-4-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ngozi Sydney-Agbor, Richards E. Ebeh, Barnabas E. Nwankwo, Solomon A. Agu. Influence of Emotional Intelligence and Gender on Job Satisfaction among Local Government Employees. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 2(4):86-89. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-2-4-2.

Correspondence to: Barnabas  E. Nwankwo, Department of Psychology, Caritas University, Enugu. Email:


The study examined the influence of emotional intelligence and gender on job satisfaction among employees of Owerri Municipal and Oguta Local Government Councils, in Imo State, South East Nigeria. One hundred and sixty fulltime employees of the councils with ages ranging from 25 – 52 years and a mean age of 37.5 were drawn through accidental sampling. Two standardized instruments were used in this study; the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire by Schutte et al. (1998) and the Minnesota Satisfaction Inventory by Weiss, Dawis, England and Lofquist (1967). A cross-sectional survey design was adopted while a 2-Way Analysis of Variance on SPSS version 17 was used for data analysis. Results showed that emotional intelligence had a significant influence on job satisfaction, with high emotionally intelligent employees showing more satisfaction. The result however showed that gender had no significant influence on job satisfaction. Also, no interaction effect was found between the variables. The results were discussed in line with current studies on emotional intelligence, gender and job satisfaction.



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The Specificity of Inflated Responsibility Beliefs to OCD: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Published Cross-sectional Case-control Studies

1Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy

2Miller Institute for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Genoa, Italy

3Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Italy

Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2014, 2(4), 75-85
DOI: 10.12691/rpbs-2-4-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Andrea Pozza, Davide Dèttore. The Specificity of Inflated Responsibility Beliefs to OCD: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Published Cross-sectional Case-control Studies. Research in Psychology and Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 2(4):75-85. doi: 10.12691/rpbs-2-4-1.

Correspondence to: Andrea  Pozza, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy. Email:


Leading cognitive theories posited that inflated responsibility beliefs play as a vulnerability and maintenance cognitive factor for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). A great body of research tested the specificity of responsibility to OCD, comparing on responsibility outcomes patients with OCD relative to normal controls or patients with anxiety disorders (AD). However, findings appeared inconclusive, and a systematic review summarizing evidence has not been conducted, yet. The current systematic review and meta-analysis provided a quantitative synthesis of findings from published cross-sectional case-control studies investigating whether inflated responsibility beliefs are specific to OCD. It was hypothesized that patients with primary OCD endorse stronger inflated responsibility beliefs compared to (1) healthy controls, and to (2) patients with any primary anxiety disorder. Electronic databases were searched. Cross-sectional case-control studies were included if they compared patients with primary OCD to healthy controls or patients with any primary anxiety disorder, and they used validated outcome self-report measures of responsibility. Studies conducted on primary hoarding were excluded. Studies on patients with comorbid conditions were not excluded. Twenty-two studies (n= 8541, 48 effect sizes overall) were included in random-effect meta-analyses. A large effect size favouring patients with OCD relative to controls was found [d=1.13, SE= 0.09, 99% CI: 0.87-1.37, p= 0.0001]. A medium effect size on responsibility favoring OCD over AD patients was found [d=0.66, SE= 0.10, 99% CI: 0.39-0.92, p= 0.0001], but the results appeared to be confounded by a publication bias effect. Current findings did not seem to confirm definitively the specificity of responsibility to OCD. Responsibility could be a transdiagnostic factor for psychopathology. Implications for case-formulation and treatment are discussed. Causal inferences on the role of responsibility in OCD development cannot be made due to the cross-sectional nature of studies. Further prospective studies are needed. Further research with experimental designs should address whether changes in responsibility beliefs mediate OCD symptom changes during cognitive behaviour therapy targeting the responsibility domain.



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