Currrent Issue: Volume 3, Number 2, 2015


Article

Preparation, Microanalysis and Performance of Hap/Cs-Cmc Composite Materials

1College of Chemistry and Environmental Science,Hebei University,Baoding 071002,People’s Republic of China;

2Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Diagnosis of Ministry of Education, Hebei University No.180 WUSI EAST Road Baoding China


American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015, 3(2), 46-50
doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-4
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Mande Qiu, Aimei Dai, Pan Yang, Miao Niu, Yidan Wang, Guoyi Bai. Preparation, Microanalysis and Performance of Hap/Cs-Cmc Composite Materials. American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015; 3(2):46-50. doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-4.

Correspondence to: Mande  Qiu, College of Chemistry and Environmental Science,Hebei University,Baoding 071002,People’s Republic of China;. Email: hbuqmd@sina.cn

Abstract

The physical and chemical properties of the materials are generally determined by their microstructure and main components. In this paper, the Hap/Cs-Cmc composite materials with different mass ratios were prepared for the first time through liquid co-precipitation method. The microstructure, phase and performance of the composite materials were investigated by FT-IR, XRD, TG-DTA, SEM, and EDS respectively. The purpose of this work is to establish the relationship between material microstructures and properties. The results showed that the composite materials exhibited excellent mechanical performance and thermal stability. The nano-Hap with relatively good crystallinity were dispersed uniformly in the organic phase Cs and Cmc-combined with relatively closely between Hap particles and Cs-Cmc. The particle size of the material is about 50 nm with spherical shape. The mass ratio of Hap and Cs-Cmc directly influenced the crystallization, particle size, and dispersion of Hap. When mass ratio is 50/50, the uniformity, compactness, and thermal stability were the best and the compressive strength is up to 30.5 MPa. EDS analysis showed that the composite material merely contained trace amount of sodium and the ratio of calcium and phosphorus is around 1.85, belonging to the rich calcium type of Hap, and the physical and chemical performance totally met the requirements of bone tissue engineering materials.

Keywords

References

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Article

Inhibitive Performance of Bitter Leaf Root Extract on Mild Steel Corrosion in Sulphuric Acid Solution

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Minna, P.M.B. 65, Niger State, Nigeria

2Detartment of Metallurgical Engineering, Kogi State Polytechnique, Lokoja, Nigeria


American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015, 3(2), 35-45
doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Awe I. Caroline., Abdulrahaman A. S., Ibrahim H. Kobe, Kareem A. Ganiyu, Adams S. M. Inhibitive Performance of Bitter Leaf Root Extract on Mild Steel Corrosion in Sulphuric Acid Solution. American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015; 3(2):35-45. doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-3.

Correspondence to: Abdulrahaman  A. S., Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering and Engineering Technology, Minna, P.M.B. 65, Niger State, Nigeria. Email: asipita.salawu@futminna.edu.ng

Abstract

Cost of organic and some inorganic inhibitors are relatively low but many of the effective inhibitors such as chromate, arsenate and ethanolamine are very toxic, harmful to human health and their environment. The inhibitive ability of Bitter leaf (Vernonia amygdalina) root extract was investigated on corrosion of mild steel in 1.5 M Sulphuric acid solution using weight loss, hydrogen evolution and thermometric measurements at temperature ranges of 30-60°C. The root extract was characterized for phytochemical screening using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectroscopy (GCMS) and Fourier Transformation Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIS). The result showed the extracts contained some organic compounds which are responsible for the inhibitive ability. The corrosion rate of mild steel in the presence of inhibitors decreases and increase as the temperature increases. The inhibitor exhibit excellent inhibition efficiency on mild steel corrosion in H2SO4 solution as 90 %, 84.82 %, 79.65 % and 76.90 % of inhibition efficiency achieved with addition of 0.5 g/l concentration of bitter leaf root extract (BLRE) at 30°C, 40°C, 50°C and 60°C temperature respectively. The inhibition efficiency increase with in concentration of inhibitor and decreases with rise in temperature. The adsorption parameters also obeyed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm and the result of Gibbs free energy of adsorption (∆Gads) showed spontaneous process of adsorption that is consistent with physical adsorption mechanism.

Keywords

References

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Article

Production of Motorcycle Anti-crash Helmet Shell from Composite Reinforced with Male Flower Bunch Stalk Fibre of Elaeis Guineensis

1Department Of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria


American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015, 3(2), 27-34
doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Nuhu A. Ademoh, Olasoji C. Olanipekun. Production of Motorcycle Anti-crash Helmet Shell from Composite Reinforced with Male Flower Bunch Stalk Fibre of Elaeis Guineensis. American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015; 3(2):27-34. doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-2.

Correspondence to: Olasoji  C. Olanipekun, Department Of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria. Email: nuhuadam@yahoo.com; sojiolanipekun@gmail.com

Abstract

The use of natural fibres in polymer reinforcement has gained serious attention due the fact that they are biodegradable and possess qualities similar to synthetic fibres. Chemical treatments have been successfully used to improve the qualities and performance of natural fibres. This has made natural fibre reinforced polymer gain wide applications in the production of structural componentd. In this work anti-crash helmet was fabricated using the male flower bunch stalk fibre of elaeis guineensis treated with 5% concentrated sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and unsaturated polyester as binder. Hand lay-up method of casting composites was used for helmet fabrication process. Standard test samples were fabricated using same formulation and analysed for water absorption, physical and mechanical properties that included tensile strength, hardness, impact strength and modulus. The mechanical performance of treated reinforcement fibres and composite were determined and the results obtained were compared with past literature. The result showed that chemical treatment greatly improved the mechanical properties, hydrophobic and chemical stabilities of the natural fibres and made them more suitable for the application. Composites reinforced with 20% male flower bunch stalk fibre of oil palm (elaeis guineensis) gave the optimum performance in terms of tested properties of helmet. The composite formulation was also observed to have high potentials for production of related engineering components like car bumper, dash board, military and industrial safety helmets.

Keywords

References

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Article

Dental Ceramics: Part II – Recent Advances in Dental Ceramics

1Department of Prosthodontics, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India

2Department of Dental Materials, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India

3Department of Chemistry, Sasi Merit School, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India


American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015, 3(2), 19-26
doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Srinivasa Raju Datla, Rama Krishna Alla, Venkata Ramaraju Alluri, Jithendra Babu P, Anusha Konakanchi. Dental Ceramics: Part II – Recent Advances in Dental Ceramics. American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology. 2015; 3(2):19-26. doi: 10.12691/materials-3-2-1.

Correspondence to: Rama  Krishna Alla, Department of Dental Materials, Vishnu Dental College, Bhimavaram, West Godavari, Andhra Pradesh, India. Email: ramakrishna.a@vdc.edu.in

Abstract

Over the last decade, it has been observed that there is an increasing interest in the ceramic materials in dentistry. Esthetically these materials are preferred alternatives to the traditional materials in order to meet the patients’ demands for improved esthetics. Dental ceramics are usually composed of nonmetallic, inorganic structures primarily containing compounds of oxygen with one or more metallic or semi-metallic elements. Ceramics are used for making crowns, bridges, artificial denture teeth, and implants. The use of conservative ceramic inlay preparations, veneering porcelains is increasing, along with all-ceramic complete crown preparations. The earlier ceramics are very fragile and can not with stand the high tensile forces. Several modifications have been made in ceramics in order to address this quandary. This article is a review of dental ceramics; divided into two parts such as part I and II. Part I reviews the composition, structure and properties of dental ceramics from the literature available in PUBMED and other sources from the past 50 years. Part II reviews the developments in evolution of all ceramic systems over the last decade and considers the state of the art in several extended materials and material properties.

Keywords

References

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