American Journal of Marine Science

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Surface Roughness and Deformation Effects on the Behaviour of a Magnetic Fluid Based Squeeze Film in Rotating Curved Porous Circular Plates

1Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya Engineering College, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat (India)

2Department of Mathematics, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat (India)

American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 1-10
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. E. Shimpi, G. M. Deheri. Surface Roughness and Deformation Effects on the Behaviour of a Magnetic Fluid Based Squeeze Film in Rotating Curved Porous Circular Plates. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):1-10. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-1.

Correspondence to: M.  E. Shimpi, Birla Vishvakarma Mahavidyalaya Engineering College, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Anand, Gujarat (India). Email: mukesh.shimpi@,


The combined effect of surface roughness and bearing deformation on the magnetic fluid lubrication of a squeeze film between two rotating transversely rough porous circular plates has been investigated. The results indicate that the bearing performance gets adversely affected by the surface roughness, bearing deformation combination, even if, a magnetic fluid has been considered as the lubricant. However, the negatively skewed roughness introduces a better performance for a good range of deformation by suitably choosing the curvature parameters. It is appealing to note that, although there are several factors bringing down the load carrying capacity, still the bearing can support a good amount of load even when there is no flow unlike, the case of conventional lubricants. In addition, this article also emphasizes the role of rotation for improving the bearing performance.



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Simulation of Track and Landfall of Tropical Cyclone Viyaru and Its Associated Strom Surges Using NWP Models

1Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2SAARC Meteorological Research Centre (SMRC), Dhaka, Bangladesh

3Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh

American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 11-21
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
M. A. K. Mallik, M. N. Ahasan, M. A. M. Chowdhury. Simulation of Track and Landfall of Tropical Cyclone Viyaru and Its Associated Strom Surges Using NWP Models. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):11-21. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-2.

Correspondence to: M.  A. K. Mallik, Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email:


Simulation of track and landfall of the tropical cyclone Viyaru that formed over the southern Bay of Bengal during 11-16 May 2013 has been carried out using Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) and MRI model. The WRF model was run in a single domain of 9 km horizontal resolution using KF cumulus parameterization schemes, WSM6 micro physics and YSU planetary boundary layer scheme. The model was run for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs using NCEP FNL initial and lateral boundary condition. The model has successfully predicted the tracks, re-curvature, areas and time of landfall of the selected tropical cyclone Viyaru. Even in the 96 hrs predictions the model has successfully predicted with reasonable accuracy. The lowest position error was found only 56 km and lowest time error was found 01 hour. The results clearly demonstrate that the track prediction error increases as the forecast hours increases except 24 hrs simulation. However, these results show the advantage of using WRF model with high resolution in prediction of the selected tropical cyclone Viyaru over the Bay of Bengal. Model simulated track was compared with that of BMD observed track and found that the model has captured the track in reasonably well. The storm surges and maximum tide was also simulated by MRI model at the time of landfall of Viyaru and compared with the BMD’s and Inland Waterways Transport Authority’s (BIWTA) estimated storm surges and maximum tide data. It is found that the model has also simulated the storm surges and maximum tide due to Viyaru in 24-hrs advance of landfall time.



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Variations in Vertical Distribution of the Young of Two Commercial Bivalve Species Depending on Some Factors

1A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia

American Journal of Marine Science. 2015, 3(1), 22-35
doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Delik D. Gabaev. Variations in Vertical Distribution of the Young of Two Commercial Bivalve Species Depending on Some Factors. American Journal of Marine Science. 2015; 3(1):22-35. doi: 10.12691/marine-3-1-3.

Correspondence to: Delik  D. Gabaev, A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok, Russia. Email:


The results of a long-term study of vertical distribution of the two main fouling species on scallop collectors of Japanese design—Japanese scallop, Mizuhopecten (= Patinopecten) yessoensis, and Pacific mussel, Mytilus trossulus—installed along the Primorsky Krai coast, Sea of Japan (East Sea), are presented in this article. The mussel, associated with Japanese scallop, is in fact its food competitor, which reduces its survival and growth rates. Settlement of scallop larvae begins earlier in shallow waters, i.e. in areas, where upper horizons are wormed up faster. A significant similarity in vertical distribution of juvenile scallop between stations is observed. The positive correlation between depth and vertical distribution of juvenile scallop is recorded most frequently in years with a high water temperature in June; for mussel, this relationship is always negative. Both climatic characteristics of year and position of the station exert influence on the depth of the maximum abundance of the young of the studied mollusks. Exposing scallop collectors at the optimum horizon, 9.5–15 m, promotes increase in the abundance of M. yessoensis and reduction in the abundance of M. trossulus.



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