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International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System

**ISSN (Print):**
2373-1273

**ISSN (Online):**
2373-1281

## Article

# A Learning Automata Based Spectrum Prediction Technique for Cognitive Radio Networks

^{1}Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(3), 93-97

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-3-3

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Mehdi Golestanian, Shahrzad Iranmanesh, Reza Ghazizadeh, Mohammadreza Azimi. A Learning Automata Based Spectrum Prediction Technique for Cognitive Radio Networks.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(3):93-97. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-3-3.

Correspondence to: Mehdi Golestanian, Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran. Email: mehdi.golestanian@gmail.com

## Abstract

## Keywords

## References

[1] | T. Yucek, H. Arsalan, “A survey of spectrum sensing algorithms for cognitive radio applications,” IEEE Communications and Tutorial, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 116-130, Oct. 2009. | ||

[2] | K. Tsagkaris, A. Katidiotis, P. Demestichas “Neural network-based learning schemes for cognitive radio systems,” Computer Communication, vol. 31, no. 14, pp. 3394-3404, 2008. | ||

[3] | I. A. Akbar, W. H. Tranter, “Dynamic Spectrum Allocation in Cognitive Radio Using Hidden Markov Models: Poisson Distributed Case,” in Proceeding of IEEE Southeast Conference, pp. 196-201, March. 2007. | ||

[4] | C, Ghosh, C. Cordeiro, D. P. Agrawal, M. B. Rao, “Markov Chain Existence and Hidden Markov Models in Spectrum Sensing,” IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, pp. 1-6, March. 2009. | ||

[5] | N. Baldo, M.Zorzi, “Learning and adaptation in cognitive radios using neural networks,” IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 998-1003, Jan. 2008. | ||

[6] | V. K. Tumuluru, P. Wang and D. Niyato, “A Neural Network Based Spectrum Prediction Scheme for Cognitive Radio,” in Proceeding of IEEE International Conference on Communication, pp. 1-5, May. 2010. | ||

[7] | Nicola Baldo, Michele Zorzi, “Learning and Adaptation in Cognitive Radios using Neural Networks,” 5th IEEE consumer Communication and Networking Conference, pp. 998-1003, 2008. | ||

[8] | J. A. Torkestani, M. R. Meybodi, “A Learning Automata-Based Cognitive Radio for Clustered wireless Ad-Hoc Networks,” Journal of Network and Systems Management, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 278-297, 2011. | ||

[9] | M.S. Obaidat a, G.I. Papadimitriou, A.S. Pomportsis, “Efficient Fast Learning Automata,” Information Sciences—Informatics and Computer Science, vol. 157, no. 2, pp. 121-133, 2003. | ||

## Article

# Evaluation of the Voltage Stability of a Radial Distribution System having V2G Facilities

^{1}Department of Industrial & Electrical Engineering Technology of South Carolina State University, U.S.A.

^{2}Electrical and Computer engineering, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN, U.S.A.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(3), 98-106

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-3-4

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Uwakwe C. Chukwu, Satish M. Mahajan. Evaluation of the Voltage Stability of a Radial Distribution System having V2G Facilities.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(3):98-106. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-3-4.

Correspondence to: Uwakwe C. Chukwu, Department of Industrial & Electrical Engineering Technology of South Carolina State University, U.S.A.. Email: uchukwu@scsu.edu

## Abstract

**.**This is a pressing issue since the next generation electric distribution system may exhibit a high level of volatility due to V2G

**penetration. In this paper, the impact of V2G parking lots on voltage stability of a radial distribution network is investigated. IEEE 13 Node test feeder network was modeled in the RDAP. Load flow results were applied to the voltage stability index. Results show that for a given penetration level, 3-phase and system-wide V2G integration results in an improved voltage stability than a 1-phase V2G integration. Results also indicate that using V2G parking lots to inject reactive power will have an improved impact on the voltage stability of the system than injecting a real power into the system. These results could be useful for real-time applications as well as for power system operators and planners dealing with an increasing influx of V2Gs in the distribution system.**

## Keywords

## References

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[13] | [Online]http://www.ewh.ieee.org/soc/pes/dsacom/testfeeders.html. | ||

[14] | G. Mohan and P. Aravindhababu. Load shedding Algorithm for avoiding Voltage instability in distribution systems, Int. J. of Power Engineering and Green Technology (IJPEGT), Vol. 1. Iss. 1, pp. 39-45. 2010. | ||

## Article

# Quarter-Pixel Accuracy Motion Estimation (ME) - A Novel ME Technique in HEVC

^{1}Department of E&EC, IIT, KHARAGPUR

^{2}Department of ETC, Department of ELTCE, VSSUT, BURLA, ODISHA

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(3), 107-113

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-3-5

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Kalyan Kumar Barik, Somnath Sengupta, Manas Ranjan Jena. Quarter-Pixel Accuracy Motion Estimation (ME) - A Novel ME Technique in HEVC.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(3):107-113. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-3-5.

Correspondence to: Kalyan Kumar Barik, Department of E&EC, IIT, KHARAGPUR. Email: kalyankumar333@gmail.com

## Abstract

## Keywords

## References

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[2] | Wang Gang, C. Hexin, C. Maianshu, “A Study on Sub-pixel Interpolation Filtering Algorithim and Hardware Structural Design Aiming at HEVC,” Telkomnia, Vol.11, No. 12, pp. 7564-7570, Dec. 2013. | ||

[3] | B. Bross, W. J. Han, J. R. Ohm, G. J. Sullivan, T. Wiegand, “High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) Text Specification Draft 7”, JCTVC-I1003, May 2012. | ||

[4] | M.T. Pourazad, C. Doutre, M. Azimi, P. Nasiopoulos, "HEVC: The New Gold Standard for Video Compression", IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, July 2012. | ||

[5] | G. J. Sullivan, J.-R.Ohm, W.-J. Han, and T. Wiegand, “Overview of the High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC) Standard”, IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 22, No. 12, pp. 1649-1668, Dec. 2012. | ||

[6] | Kim,et al, “Block portioning structure in the HEVC standard,” IEEE Trans. On circuits and system for video tecnkology, vol. 22, pp. 1697-1706, Dec. 2012. | ||

[7] | Chih-Ming Fu, Elena Alshina, A. Alshin, Y.W. Huang, C.Y. Chen,” Sample Adaptive Offset in the HEVC Standard,” IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 22, No. 12, pp. 1755, Dec. 2012. | ||

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## Article

# Design of Digital Multiplier with Reversible Logic by Using the Ancient Indian Vedic Mathematics Suitable for Use in Hardware of Cryptosystems

^{1}Department of ETC, SIET, Dhenkanal, Odisha, India

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(4), 114-119

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-4-1

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Giridhari Muduli, Siddharth Kumar Dash, Bibhu Datta Pradhan, Manas Ranjan Jena. Design of Digital Multiplier with Reversible Logic by Using the Ancient Indian Vedic Mathematics Suitable for Use in Hardware of Cryptosystems.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(4):114-119. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-4-1.

Correspondence to: Manas Ranjan Jena, Department of ETC, SIET, Dhenkanal, Odisha, India. Email: manas.synergy@gmail.com

## Abstract

## Keywords

## References

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[2] | Biswas, A. K., Hasan, M. M., Chowdhury, A. R., and Hasan Babu, H. M. “Efficient approaches for designing reversible binary coded decimal adders”, Microelectron. J. 39, 12, 1693-1703, 2008. | ||

[3] | Bruce, J. W., Thornton, M. A., Shivakumaraiah, L., Kokate, P. S., and Li, X. “Efficient adder circuits based on a conservative reversible logic gate”, Proc. IEEE Symposium on VLSI, 2002. 83-88, 2002. | ||

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[5] | Haghparast, M., Jassbi, S., Navi, K., and O.Hashemipour. “Design of a novel reversible multiplier circuit using hng gate in nanotechnology”, World App. Sci. J. 3, 6, 974-978, 2008. | ||

[6] | Maslov, D. and Dueck, G. W. “Reversible cascades with minimal garbage”, IEEE Trans. Computer-Aided Design, 23, 11 (Nov.), 1497-1509, 2004. | ||

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[8] | Shende, V. V., Prasad, A., Markov, I., and Hayes, J. “Synthesis of reversible logic Circuits”. IEEE Trans. on CAD 22, 710-722, 2003. | ||

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## Article

# Analysis of Relationship between Resistances in Delta Circuit to Determine Total Resistance

^{1,}

^{1}Unika De la Salle Manado Kampus Kombos Kairagi I Manado-Indonesia

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(4), 120-123

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-4-2

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Lianly Rompis. Analysis of Relationship between Resistances in Delta Circuit to Determine Total Resistance.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(4):120-123. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-4-2.

Correspondence to: Lianly Rompis, Unika De la Salle Manado Kampus Kombos Kairagi I Manado-Indonesia. Email: lr079@uowmail.edu.au

## Abstract

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## References

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## Article

# Using Poisson Integral Formula to Evaluate Four Types of Definite Integrals

^{1,}

^{1}Department of Information Technology, Nan Jeon University of Science and Technology, Tainan City, Taiwan

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(4), 124-127

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-4-3

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Chii-Huei Yu. Using Poisson Integral Formula to Evaluate Four Types of Definite Integrals.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(4):124-127. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-4-3.

Correspondence to: Chii-Huei Yu, Department of Information Technology, Nan Jeon University of Science and Technology, Tainan City, Taiwan. Email: chiihuei@nju.edu.tw

## Abstract

## Keywords

## References

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[5] | C. -H. Yu, “Evaluating two types of definite integrals using Parseval’s theorem,” Wulfenia Journal, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 24-32, 2014. | ||

[6] | C. -H. Yu, “Solving some definite integrals using Parseval’s theorem,” American Journal of Numerical Analysis, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 60-64, 2014. | ||

[7] | C. -H. Yu, “Some types of integral problems,” American Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 22-26, 2014. | ||

[8] | C. -H. Yu, “Using Maple to study the double integral problems,” Applied and Computational Mathematics, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 28-31, 2013. | ||

[9] | C. -H. Yu, “A study on double Integrals,” International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Vol. 1, Issue. 8, pp. 24-31, 2013. | ||

[10] | C. -H. Yu, “Application of Parseval’s theorem on evaluating some definite integrals,” Turkish Journal of Analysis and Number Theory, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-5, 2014. | ||

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[12] | C. -H. Yu, “Studying three types of integrals with Maple,” American Journal of Computing Research Repository, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 19-21, 2014. | ||

[13] | C. -H. Yu, “The application of Parseval’s theorem to integral problems,” Applied Mathematics and Physics, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 4-9, 2014. | ||

[14] | C. -H. Yu, “A study of some integral problems using Maple,” Mathematics and Statistics, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-5, 2014. | ||

[15] | C. -H. Yu, “Solving some definite integrals by using Maple,” World Journal of Computer Application and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 61-65, 2014. | ||

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## Article

# A New Approach for Traffic Management in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network

^{1,}

^{1}M.Tech-Computer Science and Engineering, Lakshmi Narain College of Technology-Indore (RGPV, Bhopal), MP, India

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(5), 128-134

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-5-1

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Shyam Nandan Kumar. A New Approach for Traffic Management in Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(5):128-134. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-5-1.

Correspondence to: Shyam Nandan Kumar, M.Tech-Computer Science and Engineering, Lakshmi Narain College of Technology-Indore (RGPV, Bhopal), MP, India. Email: shyamnandan.mec@gmail.com

## Abstract

## Keywords

## References

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[7] | Wei Wang, Dongming Peng, Honggang Wang, Sharif, H.and Hsiao-Hwa Chen, “.A Multimedia Quality-Driven Network Resource Management Architecture for Wireless Sensor Networks With Stream Authentication”, IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, Vol: 12, Issue: 5, pp. 439-447. | ||

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[10] | Huang Haiping and Wang Ruchuan, “Clustered-Control Algorithm for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Network Communications”, International Conference on Communications and Mobile Computing (CMC), 2010, Vol. 3, pp. 264-268. | ||

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## Article

# Digitally Reconfigurable Two DVCC Based Biquadratic Analog Filter

^{1}Department of Electronics Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(5), 135-143

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-5-2

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Mohd. Usama Ismail, Bilal Arif, Ale Imran. Digitally Reconfigurable Two DVCC Based Biquadratic Analog Filter.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(5):135-143. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-5-2.

Correspondence to: Mohd. Usama Ismail, Department of Electronics Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. Email: usamaismail22@gmail.com

## Abstract

## Keywords

## References

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[7] | J.W. Horng, "DVCCs based high input impedance voltage-mode first-order allpass, highpass and lowpass filters employing grounded capacitor and resistor." Radioengineering, vol. 19, issue. 4, pp. 653-656, Dec. 2010. | ||

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## Article

# Design of an Efficient Low Power 4-bit Arithmatic Logic Unit (ALU) Using VHDL

^{1}Departemt of ETC, SIET, Odisha

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(5), 144-148

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-5-3

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Giridhari Muduli, Bibhudatt Pradhan, Manas Ranjan Jena, Snigdharani Nath. Design of an Efficient Low Power 4-bit Arithmatic Logic Unit (ALU) Using VHDL.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(5):144-148. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-5-3.

Correspondence to: Manas Ranjan Jena, Departemt of ETC, SIET, Odisha. Email: manas.synergy@gmail.com

## Abstract

## Keywords

## References

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## Article

# Distributed Cognitive Routing in Multi-channel Multi-hop Networks with Accessibility Consideration

^{1}Department of Electrical Engineering, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran

^{2}Department of Computer Engineering, Shahid bahonar university of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*.

**2014**, 2(6), 149-157

**DOI:**10.12691/iteces-2-6-1

**Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing**

**Cite this paper:**

Mehdi Golestanian, Mohammad Reza Azimi, Reza Ghazizade. Distributed Cognitive Routing in Multi-channel Multi-hop Networks with Accessibility Consideration.

*International Transaction of Electrical and Computer Engineers System*. 2014; 2(6):149-157. doi: 10.12691/iteces-2-6-1.

Correspondence to: Mehdi Golestanian, Department of Electrical Engineering, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran. Email: mehdi.golestanian@gmail.com

## Abstract

**Among Cognitive Radio Network (CRN) research topics, routing algorithms especially for multi-channel networks are in the early stages. In this paper, we design a novel cognitive routing scheme for multi-channel multi-hop wireless networks. The main contribution of the proposed routing scheme is the sub-optimal low computational complexity which makes it applicable for distributed network architecture with power constraints. Other important aspect of the proposed routing scheme is considering the objectives related to the network performance, accessibility and efficient spectrum utilization jointly. As the simulation results demonstrate the presented scheme provides a significant improvement in the spectral efficiency and adequate QoS in term of delay propagation and interference in CRN.**

## Keywords

## References

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