Special Issue "Geography of Innovation and Economic Clusters: Evidence from Russia"

A special issue of International Journal of Econometrics and Financial Management

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (July 31, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Andrey Mikhaylov
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University
Email: ikbfu39@gmail.com

Special Issue Information

Studies on the effects of inter-firm and inter-industry interactions have long been the topic of scientific research around the globe. The industrial cluster approach, which is certainly associated with the name of M. Porter roots to research of E. Dahmen, A. Hirschman and J.R. Lasuen to name just a few. Recent authors discuss the inter-organizational collaboration of actors within the cluster, the backbone of which is involvement in to the process of value co-creation. The cluster ceased to be a geographical term and has transformed into the institutional framework of the new knowledge (networked) economy.

Over the last decade, the cluster concept has moved from being solely of interest to the respective scientific community on to the policy tool, which is being used by national and regional authorities all around the world. One of the latter countries in Europe to introduce the cluster policy was Russia. The special issue of the journal is dedicated to discover the fundamentals and major results of the Russian cluster policy so far. Authors are expected to provide their research results on cluster initiatives being implemented on the regional level, give their critical view on intermediate results, as well as suggest certain methods of analyzing the effects of clustering.

The priority will be given to the econometric articles, aimed at providing quantitative analysis in addition to suggested empirical evidence.

Keywods

  • Case study on clustering in Russia (overview and in-depth analysis of regional clusters and innovation networks in the regions of Russia);

  • Use of economic and statistical methods of analysis in cluster research (analysis of efficiency and drawbacks, SWOT analysis in relation to certain economic sectors and regional economies, factor analysis, etc.);


  • Process and mechanism of formation of clusters in Russia (it is proposed to pay special attention to the stage of emergence of a cluster; the cluster initiative and proto-cluster);


  • Regional cluster policies (an overview of the role of governmental authorities in establishing favorable economic conditions for the cluster formation);

  • Impact and effects of clustering on the regional economy;
  • Inter-cluster cooperation (inter-regional and international cluster cooperation; cluster alliances and cluster networks);

  • Development of clusters in high-tech and traditional sectors of economy;
  • Comparative analysis of organized and organic clusters in Russia;
  • Geography of regional clusters in Russia;
  • Institutional collaboration within innovative cluster network (university-business-government-non-profit organizations).

Published Papers

   
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the availability of tourism clusters in the regions of Pribaikal, namely the Irkutsk region and the Republic of Buryatia, using a variety of cluster identification methods. The findings suggest that the characteristics of tourism clusters are found in the Republic of Buryatia. However, in Irkutsk region they are not available, although the two regions are the object of a number of national and regional development programs of tourism clusters.
Abstract: Article provides an algorithm and defined criteria for the identification of educational clusters in the regional economy, adapted to the Russian reality. Identification of the leading industries as promising regional educational clusters in the economy of Perm Krai conducted on the basis of quantitative Shift-Share analysis and the calculation of the localization coefficient. Statistical base of the research were materials of the central statistical database of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Russian Federation for 2007-2012 years by employment indicators. Qualitative diagnosis of educational clusters allowed to establish the shape and direction of development of strategic partnership in the educational system in the region, to identify the factors of competition. As a result, by applying a set of quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis of cluster, authors found that in the economy of Perm Krai has four potential educational clusters to be formed, the development of which should be a priority of educational policy in the region.
Abstract: The paper deals with a study of cluster-type development of regional economic systems. Positive influence on the social and economic growth of a number of regions in the Russian Federation has been evaluated owing to generation of territorial cluster-type formations. The paper includes findings of an investigation into theoretical nature of «cluster» as an economic category. As an example of positive influence of the clusterization strategy, the project of formation and development of the regional cluster of Nizhnekamsk Municipal District of the Republic of Tatarstan has been offered and validated from economic effectiveness point of view. For the purpose of the project feasibility validation, a methodological approach has been specifically designed for evaluation of economic potential of the city-forming enterprises. During approbation, the above mentioned approach brought to the front a number of intensive growth prospects for the enterprises in question in the course of integration, and, consequently, viability of the regional cluster became worthy of notice. At the same time, the project in question was rationalized from economic effectiveness perspective. For this line of the investigation a special methodological approach has been developed so as to allow predicting a level of synergetic effect of the clusterization.
Abstract: The article deals with the background and benefits of international inter-cluster interactions. Research shows that the cluster is the most effective form of innovative development based on the concept of innovation ecosystem, and intercluster international partnership is the most appropriate form of organization for the development of high-tech-based inter-sectoral cooperation and implementation of international projects. It is shown that the consideration of high-tech industry in the framework of the structural model as mega cluster means that the synergistic advantage can be seen only with a clear organizational structure and coordinated interaction of clusters. Analysis of necessity of inter-cluster interaction is considered on example of space industry. We propose tools for serching partners and assess the effectiveness of the scheme on the basis of inter-cluster interaction network approach and the results for the regional economy.
Abstract: Article is devoted to the issue on early markers of formation of economic clusters, which are the specific regional conditions. In contemporary Russian economic reality, when the state implements the initiation of cluster projects in different geographical regions and economic sectors, particularly relevant is the task to analyze and identify the regional environment conducive to the successful cluster formation. In order to complete the task, authors propose to use non-parametric methodology of examination, allowing to analyze objects with a complex quality structure. Paper describes this technique, and tests it in an example of the emerging pharmaceutical cluster in the Volgograd region. Following the results of the study, a conclusion on the feasibility of establishing a cluster in the area, and the main insufficient conditions are identifies, the improvement of which will have a positive impact on the process of formation of the Volgograd pharmaceutical cluster.
Abstract: Based on the analysis of objective statistical data authors identified a global megatrend of the XXI century and the related growth of knowledge-intensive clustering, which provides high efficiency and competitiveness of the world economy. Based on the study of synergy, the self-organization theory and the eastern philosophy on original principles of synergy, the synergetic approach to the cluster development is elaborated. Article shows an artificial and rapid creation and development of clusters that uses the achievements of synergy, in particular ultrafast processes of the hyperbolic growth. The proposed model of clustering considers these processes.
Abstract: The article describes the features of the cluster methodology and cluster systems. The Russian practice in implementation of the cluster approach and the experience on the use of the cluster approach in the implementation of socio-economic development strategy of the region. The study uses an example of the Republic of Dagestan (Russian Federation). The main focus is made on clusters “Caspian HUB” (transport-trade-logistics cluster) and “People’s House” (a unique cluster, aimed at stimulating the development of human capital) being nodal in the regions’ strategy. Aspects of the innovation potential of the region and the main directions of innovative activities of major enterprises of the industrial cluster of Republic of Dagestan (‘Aviaagregat’, ‘Hajiyev Plant’, ‘Research Institute ‘Sapphire’, ‘Dagfos’, etc.) are disclosed. Research results enabled to identify the main directions of the republic's economy required to stimulate clustering. The proposed initiatives are based on the improvement of mechanisms of state support for innovation at the regional level and on encouragement of the inflow of financial capital in the regional innovation system. The major objectives of the innovation potential of the Republic of Dagestan are defined.
Abstract: The article provides a review of the evolution of scientific concepts on the innovation process. Two main approaches to the innovation process are presented: linear and non-linear, and their distinctive features are defined. Within each approach the main types of models of the innovation process are considered. The stages of formation and development of a linear model of the innovation process are reviewed. Analyzed the influence of various factors on the occurrence of non-linear models of the innovation process. Highlighted the advantages and disadvantages of linear and non-linear approaches to the development of models of the innovation process. The effect of trends in the localization of the innovation process in the current models of the innovation process are studied. The modeling of the innovation process at the present stage is proposed to be considered as a complex, interactive, nonlinear localized learning process.
Abstract: The special issue on the “Geography of Innovation and Economic Clusters: Evidence from Russia” is held in order to provide insights on the theoretical elaboration and practical implementation of the cluster concept in the regions of the Russian Federation. Multidimensional nature of the phenomenon of economic clustering has led to the need for a transdisciplinary approach in studying the features of spatial distribution of regional economic entities and institutions of the region in the framework of knowledge economy. We therefore invite scholars to consider the development of the cluster concept by taking into account the impact of the neighboring areas of science, focused on in-depth study of each of the three key features of the cluster concept – interconnectedness, systemic properties, and spatial proximity. The eight articles of the special issue uncover the aspects of the innovation process in the regional context, the factor of international inter-cluster collaboration, the methods of cluster mapping and identification of the early indications to track the emergence of a cluster, as well as the case studies on the industry cauterization in various parts of the country.