Special Issue "Philosophy of education: contemporary perspectives"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (November 14, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Carlos E. de C. Vargas
Pontifical Catholic University of Parana
Email: sammler@gmail.com

Guest Editor

Cleverson L. Bastos
Pontifical Catholic University of Parana
Email: leite.bastos@pucpr.br

Gustavo L. Gava
Positivo University
Email: gustavoluizgava@hotmail.com

Special Issue Information

This is a Special Issue on Philosophy of Education. The American Journal of Educational Research is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides publication of articles in all areas of educational research. The goal of this Special Issue is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various issues on philosophy of education. There are different philosophical approaches in the contemporary perspectives of the education. We aim to bring philosophical contributions on different areas of educational research, like distance education, educational technology, educational foundations, history education, language education, mathematics education, reading education, science education, educational psychology, educational evaluation, academic counseling, education policy, teacher education and others cross-disciplinary areas of education.

Keywods

  • Philosophy of Education
  • Distance Education
  • Educational Technology
  • Educational Foundations
  • History Education
  • Language Education
  • Mathematics Education
  • Reading Education
  • Science Education
  • Educational Psychology
  • Educational Measurement and Evaluation
  • Elementary Education
  • Secondary Education
  • Higher Education
  • Academic Advising and Counseling
  • Education Policy and Leadership
  • Social Studies Education
  • Teacher Education
  • Cross-disciplinary areas of Education

Published Papers

   
Abstract: This project aims to provide an effective methodology and innovative local action in the area of youth and adults education. Justifying in the Brazilian social context and relying on the theory of the Dr. Reuven Feuerstein's mediated learning, a strategy of action will be presented to cognitively improve the performance of young people and adults in the literacy process.
Abstract: In tentative to support the “vertical tradition” in faculty psychology, Jerry Fodor reached resources in the phrenological model of Franz Gall. Fodor offers a reinterpretation of Gall’s work to demonstrate the emphasis investigative in the study of the mental structures and, indirectly, in the actual memory research, judgment, attention, among others. Jerry Fodor sought to highlight affirmative evidence that hides the phrenology of Gall, correcting and improving the phrenological model to research functional subsystems in the human mind. Deeping this issue, it is understood that the issue of modularity of mind contributed to undertake the current studies on the processes of teaching and learning, departing from the modular model proposed by Gall and Fodor.
Abstract: This paper examines the impact globalization has had on the English language. As English has arisen to become the de facto official language of over 90 nations, the question is asked: Whose culture should be taught in language classrooms? It is suggested that cultural instruction should not be limited to that of Western nations, but must be globally inclusive taking into account diverse perspectives. In doing so, language learners develop the communicative competence needed to effectively interact in cross-cultural exchanges.
Abstract: It is understood that the digital era is one of the major transitions to situate philosophy and other disciplines, in the virtual world: online teaching. Moreover, from there, enabling the student to include himself in his worldly field: cognitive virtual to the actual goal. A reverse engineering knowledge.
Abstract:

Special Issue "Ensuring the Quality of Higher Education"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (September 30, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Nina Tarasenkova
Bohdan Khmelnytskyy National University in Cherkasy, Ukraine
Email: ntaras7@ukr.net

CO-Editor

Prof. DSc. Zdravko Laltchev
Sofia University 'St. Kliment Ohridski', Sofia, Bulgaria
Email: zdravkol@abv.bg

Prof. Ievgenii Borkach
Ferenc Rakoczi II Transcarpathian Hungarian Institute, Berehovo
Email: barkatsj@gmail.com

Guest Editor

Prof. Oleg Melnikov
Belarusian State University, Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty
Email: melnikov@bsu.by

Special Issue Information

The issue of quality of training in higher education establishments has been and remains the cornerstone for the effective functioning of industries, businesses and banks, the development of science, culture, education and society in general. Graduate student should be competitive in the job market. This means that they should not only get a good education, but also be willing and able to further self-improvement. To solve this problem it is important to discuss the comprehensive and diverse scientific basis of ensuring the quality of higher education, to review the results of scientific studies and the experience of higher education in various countries. The unanswered questions are: the definition of the concept of "quality of higher education", criteria and indicators of quality education, diagnostic tools, methods of monitoring the quality of education, ways and means of improving the educational process in Universities , the correlation of the quality education with higher education management and so on. In a special issue of the journal, we plan to deal with both - theoretical studies and practical achievements of scientific and educational community.

Keywods

  • The concept, criteria and indicators of quality in higher education
  • Monitoring the quality of higher education
  • Improving the educational process: content, methods, forms, and training tools
  • Management of higher education
  • Comparative studies

Published Papers

   
Abstract: The article offers a short survey of the Ukrainian generations of 1900 through 2000. It details on the main features of the epoch and the environment in which generation Y was formed. The author specifies on the generation born in 1983 – 2003 and connects it with the peculiar features of the “millennials”’ entry into higher education.
Abstract: The article includes methodological and practical applications for improving Foreign Language students’ performance through incorporating inquiry investigation. The key to high-quality performance is found in systematicity and systematization of interrogative practice included in the mini-course on elementary research skills building. Question-and-answer method is presented from the vantage point of learner-centered approach promoting assistance in moving through the stages of disciplined inquiry, nurturing research competence and the culture of learning the World.
Abstract: The thesis highlights social protection of orphans and children deprived of parental care in and in . It is stated that social policy in is aimed at searching effective forms of placements for orphans and children deprived of parental care. Adoption, family care, foster care and with biological family reunion are supported by current British social policy. Classification of British foster families based on the principles of time, the category of addressees, content and conditions of receiving are developed. The objective possibility of British social protection experience of orphans and children deprived of parental care transformation to Ukrainian welfare system is defined and substantiated. The comparative analysis of basic mechanisms of social protection of orphans and children deprived of parental care in the and is explored. The implementation of some progressive aspects of orphans and children deprived of parental care welfare in the into social and educational work of is offered. The following aspects of child welfare system may be implemented in Ukraine: different types of family forms of accommodation (according to the needs of a child), children hearing system, motivation of foster families creation and kinds of foster parents support.
Abstract: The article focuses on the practical realization of idea on presentation of cycle of scientific cognition in the process of arrangement theoretical problems of Physics on the example of study of Magnetic-Flux Quantization at a superconductor. The author examines the comparison of classic and quantum approaches in the process of theoretical explanation of Magnetic-Flux Quantization in Superconductors in a Solid State Physics.
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of educational environment and application of information technology (IT) in Pharmacy education. It has been investigated the formation of professional knowledge using information technology in Pharmacology and its application as an educational tool in the professional training system aimed at teaching future pharmacists and preparing students to use IT in their professional activity. For this purpose the training course "Information Technology in Pharmacy" has been developed and included into the curriculum. The development and implementation of this course into the curriculum proved to be efficient and successful. The pedagogical conditions of the application of IT in professional training of pharmacists have been theoretically grounded. Computer science in the sphere of health care or medical computer science is a new branch that requires appropriate personnel training. Thus, it is necessary to develop training programs to ensure efficient training of specialists and implement information technology in medical science and health care.
Abstract: The article highlights the issue of humanization of higher medical education, based primarily on expanding the informational content of culture competence in training humanities. Humanitarian education as a part of culture should form the capacity for introspection, self-awareness, self-reflection to personal actions and to surrounding events. Culture competence plays especially essential role in further practice of medical specialists. The background of cultural competency at higher medical universities can be understood as those acquired skills which help medical students recognize cultural differences and facilitate communication between patients, their relatives and colleagues who have various ways of understanding health, sickness and body functioning. Culture competence includes cultural knowledge, sensitivity, awareness, clinical skills and abilities which constitute rules, norms and strategies. The teachers of humanitarian disciplines should elaborate and implement into educational process confirmed strategies for empowering medical students to become active, responsible life-long learners and self-motivated, interdependent, self-aware, self-managing, self-confident, emotionally intelligent and culturally competent specialists. Learning humanitarian subjects at higher medical educational establishments can offer an exceptional opportunity to help medical students develop learning skills, especially relating to cultural competence.
Abstract: This paper demonstrates the possibility of using non-linear approach to formation of the study content of Stochastics to the students of economic specialties of the universities. The author suggests a synergistic model of content based on the interaction of three elements: 1) the trajectory as a succession of content units and topics; 2) connections that can create synergies content; 3) content, which is represented as a combination of basic concepts and methods of stochastic analysis of random phenomena. The document also reveals the possibility of practical application of the proposed model.
Figure of 1
Abstract: Social demand for educational services currently requires disclosure and capacity development of each individual, formation of desire for self-improvement, self-determination and creation of conditions for self-fulfillment in different types of teaching and learning activities, including teaching and research activities. Singling out teaching and research activity among other types of teaching and cognitive activities in the article and emphasizing its systemic and systematic organization is significant considering that the delineated area of activity is seen, on the one hand, as one of the most effective means of personal development, on the other, as a method aimed at the development of the students' teaching and research skills. The suggested theoretical rationale and guidelines allow a teacher to realize these approaches practically in the educational process of teaching mathematics.
Abstract: The article considers the certain features of the development of learners’ logical reasoning in classes with different subject-specialization at secondary school. A short author’s review of literature suggests that three main directions have been formed in the theory of teaching mathematics in the last 50-60 years in . The author investigates them in brief. The analysis shows that the current approach to forming pupils’ logical thinking, significantly varies depending on the subject-specialization and the level of mathematics training. More detailed investigation of particular methods and techniques of teaching the elements of mathematical logic in classes with advanced study of mathematics are given in the article.
Abstract: The paper focuses on the solution of problems and effective implementation of semantic, organizational and management functions in physics teaching methods course as an effective medium educational standards and means of formation of future teachers of professional competence and outlook. It contents standard requirements outlined in the study of physics. The article presents the structural logic of various types of control based on academic performance standards of control.
Abstract: The article discusses the legislature in Ukraine that shaped the ‘inclusion’ trend to provide the disabled children and youth with equal access to education. The article focuses on secondary education system that helps understand the educational setting. It gives an overview of the terms referring to the special needs children. Areas of particular concern include the inclusion of the disabled youth in higher education that is currently lacking the concept. It examines the reasons that hinder ‘inclusion’ and measures to be taken to improve the situation.
Abstract: Corporate relations among university faculty are an important part of their corporate culture. The faculty should know how to build business and interpersonal relationships with colleagues, administration, and students. The findings of a survey conducted at different universities characterize corporate relationships with the following key indicators: the instructor’s part in realizing the university policy, interpersonal relationship, rendering assistance to colleagues, and the nature of interaction among university faculty.
Abstract: The article focuses on the main stages of development of adult education system in Ukraine. The focus is made on the analysis of the influence the traditions of the past have left in the modern system of adult education. The author underlines the importance of studying the historical processes taking place in its development. Having been the part of Russian empire and later the USSR, the country went through the common process of formation, faced the common challenges, and formed similar with the neighbors’ system of adult education. To adapt the lifelong learning system to the new, changed conditions, it is necessary to understand its basic stages and carefully implement world’s best experience into existing realities.
Abstract: The article analyses the characteristics of a quality assurance system of higher education in and in the two past decades. The countries have already established the necessary legislative framework, but a quality assurance system has been operating inefficiently for a long time. Higher education is in need of establishing an independent organization to ensure the quality and enhance quality assurance in higher education.
Abstract: The article necessitates the introduction of a subject "Methods of teaching mathematics in higher education" to the undergraduate’s curriculum of mathematics students. The subject curriculum is presented, its goals and objectives are described, the contents of lectures and workshops are detailed on, the contents of the independent study material are provided, and the level-related requirements to the results of the study of this discipline by the students are offered.

Special Issue "Teacher Education: Issues and Challenges"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (October 01, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Santosh Kumar Behera
Sidho-Kanho-Birsha University
Email: santoshbehera.jkc@gmail.com

Special Issue Information

Teacher education is an integral part of education. It is the spotlight of the 21st century. The teacher occupies a pivotal position in the system of education. Teacher plays an important role as friend, philosopher, guide and helper of the student. The teacher is the backbone of the educational system, maker of the mankind and architect of the society. Thus the role of the teachers is very important in making the nation. The success of education depends on quality of teacher which creates excellence in all walks of life. The qualitative aspects of education depend entirely on the character and personality of the teachers. The American Commission on Teacher Education rightly observes, “The quality of its citizens depends not exclusively, but in critical measure upon the quality of their education. The quality of their education depends more than upon any single factor upon the quality of their teacher”. The National Policy on Education in India (1986) has rightly said, “The status of the teacher reflects the socio-cultural ethos of a society; it is said that no people can rise above the level of its teachers”. Teacher education is that knowledge, skill and ability which as relevant to the life of a teacher. If we throw the light on the Teacher Education Programme in all over the world we would see that a remarkable growth occurred in the field of Teacher Education. At the same time Teacher Education is losing its identity in so many countries. Teacher Education in various countries has been struggling to strengthen its identity. Struggle does not mean degeneration of values and degeneration of institutions. It is true that after persistent struggle there is evident improvement, but, still there is no end to perfection. There are many issues and challenges pertaining to Teacher Education Programme like Policy dilemma, Professional development, Quality Research, Academic Staff Development, E-learning and Teacher Education, ICT and Teacher education, Quality Management in Teacher education, Teacher education in 21st Century, Teacher education Global perspective etc. Teacher Education should be so powerful and graceful that nobody should dare to dictate. It is high time to revive and strengthen the Teacher Education Programme in all over the world.

This special Issue aims, therefore,

• To explore the current Issues and Challenges in the field of Teacher Education in various countries’ in the world.
• To share innovative ideas for the qualitative development of teacher education.
• To analyze the changing context of teacher education in the global scenario.
• To know the development of teacher education during various periods and examine its relevance today.
• To find out the curricula and courses for teacher education in different countries of the world.
• To ascertain the special features of the Teacher Education system in various countries.
• To know the agencies involved in the continuing professional teacher development (CPTD).
• To know the structure of Teacher Education Programme at various levels of education in different countries.
• To know the issues and problems of teacher education.
• To analyze the incentives given to teachers to work towards their professional development.
• To know the quality indicators for teacher education.
• To know the significance of E-learning in Teacher Education.
• To know the significance of ICT in Teacher Education

Keywods

  • Teacher Education: Role, Problems and Remedies, Teacher Education at Cross Roads, Today’s Teacher Education-Tomorrow’s Nation, Indicators of Quality in Teacher Education, Teacher Education in 21st Century, Policy Dilemma in Teacher Education, E-Learning and Teacher Education, ICT and Teacher Education, Distance Education and Teacher Education, Code of Professional Ethics for Teacher Educator, Professional Ethics of Teacher Education for Sustainable Future, Constructivist in Teacher Education, Curricula and Courses in Teacher Education, Academic Staff Development and Teacher Education, Examination Reforms in Teacher Education, Research in Teacher Education, Job satisfaction, Total Quality Management in Teacher Education, Professional Upgradation and Teacher Education, Quality Control in Teacher Education, Faculty Improvement Programme for Teacher Education, Performance Appraisal of teachers, Current Trends in Teacher Education, Innovative Practices and Teacher Education, Technology Integrated Teacher Education, Theory and Practice of Teacher Education, Quality Assurance and Teacher Education, RTE and Teacher Education, Teacher Education and Values, Peace Education and Teacher Education. Human Rights Education and Teacher Education; Life skills and Teacher Education, Inclusive education and Teacher Education, Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization, Problems and Prospects of Teacher Education, Knowledge Based Society & Teacher Education, Professionalism and Teacher Education.

Published Papers

   
Abstract: Attitude plays an important role in determining the mental inclination of the individuals concerned. In the sphere of teacher education research the attitude constitutes a significant and comprehensive dimension that prompts the researchers to explore their inquisitive outlook on multiple factors pertaining to teacher education program. Considering this perspective the researchers made up their mind to explore the attitude of the secondary female teacher-trainees pursuing their B. Ed. course in the teacher training institutions under The University of Burdwan. The attitude of the female teacher-trainees belonging to Govt. sponsored and private B. Ed. colleges were the target population of the present study. Four of such colleges were selected for attitude survey. An opinionnaire comprising 36 statements were administered to the trainees and their responses were collected. Administering Likert-type scale their opinions were quantified. At last the scores were calculated and t-test was done to know the attitudinal differences between two different types of female teacher-trainees, namely, deputed-fresher, govt.-private etc.
Abstract: In the present study an attempt has been made to find out Effect of Teacher Training programme on Self-Concept, Self-Confidence, Teaching Competency, and Role Commitment of Special Teacher Trainees. Experimental research method was applied. One group as well as two group pre- and post- tests Quasi experimental research design was followed. The sample consisted All (150) Special Teacher Trainees (117 Orthopedic and 33 Vision disabled special teacher trainees) from Department of Teacher training, Jagadguru Rambhadracharya, Handicapped University, Chitrakoot, Uttar Pradesh, India, were selected purposively. For collection of data, four standardized tools were applied on trainees in group (on orthopedic disabled) as well individually (on vision disabled) for self-concept, self-confidence, and role commitment. Teaching competencies were observed by a group of experts which include researcher, one teacher trainer and one teacher from experimental school to make observation reliable, valid, and scientific. For the analysis and interpretation of the data, both descriptive and inferential modes of treatments were adopted. Analysis of co- variance and t-test were applied for testing the significance of Hypotheses and interpretation of data. The results revealed that although Teacher Training Programme develop positive self- concept among special teacher trainees (as a group), orthopedic and vision disabled special teacher trainees. But this effect is found statistically insignificant. TTP develops self- confidence among special teacher trainees as a group and vision disabled special teacher trainees. But do not develop self- confidence in orthopedic special teacher trainees. TTP develops more teaching competency among orthopedic than vision disabled special teacher trainees. It develops pledge of role commitment among special teacher trainees as a group but individual analysis indicate this programme is not fit for orthopedic and vision disabled trainees in respect to development of role commitment.
Abstract: In the present study an attempt has been made by the investigators to study the Level of Job Satisfaction of Part-time College Teachers in the district of Hooghly, West Bengal. The investigators used Descriptive Survey method for the present study. The sample consists of 110 Part-time College Teachers from 6 (six) selected General Degree Colleges which are situated in the district of Hooghly, West Bengal. The Purposive sampling technique has been used for the selection of sample. The investigators have developed a tool namely “Teachers’ Job Satisfaction Scale” by themselves to measure the Level of Job Satisfaction of Part-time College Teachers on the basis of Seven Important Dimensions that are Working Conditions, Salary Status, Understanding between Colleagues, Recognition by Others, Work Load, Availability of Power and Status and Promotion Opportunities. For the analysis of data ‘t’ test has been used in the present study. The overall results indicate that the Level of Job Satisfaction of Part-time College Teachers of the Hooghly District is neither Unsatisfied nor Satisfied i.e. Moderate. And it is also found through the present study that the demographic variables that are Gender, Locality, Stream, Educational Qualification, Teaching Experience and Income have no any significant impact on Job Satisfaction of Part-time College Teachers of the district of Hooghly, West Bengal.
Abstract: In recent years, much has been written about constructivist learning theories and their applications to outcomes-based teaching and learning environments in India. Little, if any, has been said about the implications of these ideas and practices for teacher professional development and teacher education. Despite creation of National Council for Teacher Education in 1993 and National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education in 2009, teacher education programme continues to train teacher-trainee as transmitter of information and knowledge than partner in, moderator of, and facilitator of, learning. Mode of preparing him / her to play the role as key agent of social change is always questionable. The introduction of the National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE) requires teachers to acquire new skills, knowledge, attitudes and values and to employ a wide variety of teaching strategies, in order to enable students to construct their own knowledge. The purpose of this desktop review is to rethink teacher professional development within a constructivist framework. In this article, we argue that teacher professional development can fit the context and, more specifically, in outcomes-based settings, as well as proposed a move away from a mechanistic world-view (modernist and behaviourist approach) to a holistic world-view (constructivist and situational or contextual approach) of teacher professional development.
Abstract: The paper intends to examine the current professional ethics, its problems and teacher taught relationship in the field of teacher education as well as how they described negotiated relationship boundaries. This study conducted in a B. Ed college under Indra Prasta University that Ram Chandra Institute of Education and Technology and in-service students of Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), and designed to document examples of ethical dilemmas faced by pre-service and practicing teachers. Also aim to explore pre-service teachers’ perceptions on ethical education and to examine the B. Ed course curriculum for ethics subjects across the one-year and two year degree course. Results highlight a need for teacher training courses to include ethical philosophy subject, at the same time a code of ethics for teaching profession. This re presents a sustainable way to support professional practice and enhance teacher quality, by preparing and equipping teachers with techniques to explore and teach complex ethical issues in the classroom and ultimately it will help the teacher to create a conducive environment within the institution which is needed for best learning.
Abstract:

Special Issue "Learner Centered Approach: Preparedness Factor in Student Achievement"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (October 30, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Prof.Lazarus Ndiku Makewa
University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Kenya
Email: ndikul@gmail.com

Special Issue Information

Learner centered approach calls for teaching that focuses on student learning rather than on what the teacher is doing. It changes the focus from what the teacher does to student learning. This means that it is not one specific teaching method. The aim of this special issue is to solicit for papers that will present reviews and scientific findings that determine learner centered approach as a factor in student preparedness in academic achievement. This issue will attract audience from teachers, educators, curriculum experts, students and policy makers.

Keywods

  • Learner centered approach in content preparedness.
  • Learner centered approach in skill management.
  • Teacher-student interaction in learner centered approach.
  • Technology integration in learner centered approach.
  • Environment as an antidote in learner preparedness.
  • Subject preparedness to sustainable learner centered approach.
  • Learner characteristics and learner preparedness.
  • Models of Learner Centered Approach.
  • Research reports on learner preparedness and achievement.
  • Systems Approach in learner centered approach.

Published Papers

   
Abstract: ICT-Based education is a system of instruction that involves combination of computers and communication technologies. ICT Integration is important in combating digital divide, bringing about digital opportunity and paradigm shift from teacher centered to student centered learning, whereby the teacher passes the information quicker and in a more understandable manner. This study aimed at evaluating ICT-Based Education and Students Behavioral Change at University of Arusha, Tanzania. Questionnaire was the only means for data collection and Cronbach alfa of above .887 was established to signify that questionnaire items were highly reliable. T-test, ANOVA and Pearson product correlation coefficient tested three null hypotheses by the help of SPSS. The study established that University of Arusha educators are competent in the use of PowerPoint, Excel, Microsoft Word, online search procedures and internet programs and believe that ICT integration propels student centered approaches and increases the rate of learning. Educators, however, indicated lack of skills in online marking and data management procedures and limited integration of ICT resources in teaching learning transaction. Finally, the study established a positive and strong relationship between competence and application of ICT in teaching-learning transaction. This implies that the higher the competence, the likelihood of educators to integrate ICT in teaching-learning transaction.
Abstract: Learner-centered teaching is known, through research, to enhance effective learning. In these methods, learners play the key role in learning while teachers only help them to develop the necessary knowledge and skills that will enable them handle life issues and tasks independently. The developed countries to a greater extend practice these methods but many of the developing countries, Kenya included have continued to use the old teacher-centered teaching methods. Through a review of related literature, this study sought to uncover the factors that have hindered the use of learner-centered teaching methods in Kenyan public primary schools. The findings revealed multiple elements that have combined to prevent the practice of learner-centered teaching. These are grouped into teacher factors, teaching and learning material factors and learner factors. It was concluded that if Kenyan youth are to be prepared effectively to face life challenges of the 21st century, the country’s education stakeholders should endeavor to make teaching learner-centered rather than teacher-centered. The most important recommendation is that systematic teacher training should be provided for effective implementation of learner-centered teaching.
Abstract: This study was carried out in the University of Eastern Africa, Baraton, Kenya. It sought to find out students’ frustration level after group learning experiences, how often they went through these experiences, how frustration affected their Bachelor of Education Program, how BED with its group collaborative learning methodology met their expectations, if they were getting quality training and finally if they would take part in the future in another course requiring group collaborative learning. A larger percentage of students stated that they were frustrated as they went through collaborative learning. However, they did not feel that frustration as factor has any effect on their Bachelor of Education program. Collaborative learning as a set of instructional strategies, when used properly, can help learners to meet specific learning and social interaction objectives in structured groups. It can also promote social interaction to facilitate knowledge construction. Further, if students are well prepared to work in small groups and if the groups are well organized, students’ collaboration can increase students’ achievement more than traditional methods of learning. It is therefore recommended that in the course of the lesson, teachers set time for group work to motivate the learners, not only interacting with the content, but also with the group members.
Abstract: This study intended to test if there was significant difference in chemistry preparedness in terms of attitude towards chemistry, study skills and exam preparedness between boys and girls, between boarders and day scholars and between low and high achievers. Two hundred and eleven (211) subjects participated. A questionnaire was designed to measure preparedness in chemistry in relation to attitude towards chemistry, study skills, and exam preparedness. To address the hypotheses, frequency distributions and other descriptive statistics including means, standard deviations and percentages were used. Independent sample t-tests were performed to address the first and the second hypotheses to determine whether differences between variables existed. The results indicate that there is homogeneity of variance amongst attitude towards chemistry, study skills and exam preparedness. The findings also inform that preparedness in chemistry in terms of attitude towards chemistry, study skills, and exam preparedness is the same in both boys and girls but boys lagged slightly below girls in attitude towards chemistry. There was no significant difference in chemistry preparedness between genders in relation to these variables. Borders and day scholars have similar preparedness in chemistry in terms of attitude, study skills and exam preparedness. The results further show that day scholars have a slightly higher preparedness in chemistry than the boarders. Higher achievers have more positive attitude towards chemistry, better study skills and higher exam preparedness.
Abstract: This study sought to investigate experiences of constructivism principles in teaching-learning transaction among Adventist Secondary Schools in South Nyanza, Tanzania. A sample of 65 students was randomly selected to fill the questionnaire. T-test, ANOVA and Pearson-product moment correlation coefficient analyzed null hypotheses. Students established that their established their teachers always employ constructivism principles and that student academic performance is influenced by teaching modalities, active participation and classroom setup. High performing students tend to engage in active participation more frequently than their lower performing counterparts. Classroom setups influence performance of students, modalities of teaching and the rate of students’ active participation. It is therefore recommended that classroom sessions should be dominated by activities that lead learners to actively seek solutions to existing problems and discover new information through a varied range of guided activities. School administrations are called upon to ensure that classrooms have sufficient space; teachers are also encouraged to make sure that seating arrangements are well organized to allow students-teacher and student-student interaction. Further study can be conducted on teachers’ demographic characteristics and application of constructivism theory in teaching-learning transaction.
Abstract:

Special Issue "Initial Teacher Training and Educational Innovation"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (May 01, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Dr. Moisés Selfa Sastre
Full Time Professor in the Department of Teaching Faculty of Specific Education Sciences of the University of Lleida
Email: mselfa@didesp.udl.cat

Guest Editor

Dr. Glòria Jové Monclús
University of Lleida
Email: gjove@pip.udl.cat

Dr. Charly Ryan
University of Winchester
Email: Charly.Ryan@winchester.ac.uk

Special Issue Information

In the full XXIst century, the initial formation of the teachers must be tackled from different points of view and ambiences of study and investigation given the heteregeneus competences that these teachers will have to transmit to his futures learners. In this sense, our intention is to offer a set of scientific studies that offer different routes to rethink the roll of the teacher at present whose formation must be tackled, undoubtedly, from the interdisciplinarity and the transdisciplinarity of contents and ways of learning that they help these teachers to answer with guarantees of success to the challenges that nowadays our society demands. This way, an initial formation is necessary from methodologies of education and learning as Learning Service, the work collaborative between equal, the hybrid spaces in which there have capacity both the University and the proper School and the Society, learning across the art.. .. Finally, we want to offer a new point of view for the initial formation of teachers who demand to the scientific community new methodologies of learning that must converge on the same direction: how must the teacher of the XXIst century be and how must be to confront his formation to give in a nearby future valid responses to the requirements of our current society.

Keywods

  • Curriculum, Research and Development;
  • Higher Education;
  • Science Education;
  • Teacher Education;
  • Cross-disciplinary areas of Education;
  • Art Education.

Published Papers

   
Abstract: The different types of typographies that we find today in the labels of our society lead us to rethink whether the typography that we are taught in school now and observe in school alphabets are functional for students in Elementary Education and Child Education, who later will have to read and to write with a typography that has nothing to do with what they have learned in school. In this paper, we describe a work experience in initial teacher training in which from the disciplines of Educational Process II and Language Teaching II we asked our university students what kind of typefaces they see in society and whether these are also those working in schools with students who are learning to read and write.
Abstract: This paper presents a case study of a group in initial primary teacher education students becoming researchers of their peers’ course experiences of school – university links. The connection between university teacher preparation programmes and work in school is a well-researched area with suggestions that there is a marked disconnect between the two. The project took an emergent approach to learning researching through carrying out a research project. Unlike many studies, both students and tutors were able to identify a range of links between their work in school and work in the university. Outcomes are presented for the becoming teachers as becoming researchers and as becoming teachers, as well as for the programme as a whole.
Abstract: We present in this article the documentation and analysis of a Service Learning (SL) experience conducted in the Faculty of Pedagogy of the University of Barcelona and entitled Els amics i amigues de la lectura [Reading Friends]. This is a training proposal in which first-year students on the pedagogy, social education, social work, and early childhood and primary education bachelor’s degree courses help the city’s children and adolescents to enjoy reading and improve their reading skills. The project sets out to achieve two essential goals. The first, to offer a response to a need which is crucial to pupils’ academic and personal success: raising their levels of reading competence. The second, to contribute to the improvement in university students’ initial training, offering a challenge which enables them to link theoretical knowledge and practical experience, develop basic professional skills and exercise social responsibility and civic engagement, while at the same time building an affective relationship with the pupils involved, with all that this represents. The article consists of five basic sections. In the first two we set out a brief overview of service learning and of the project itself, addressing some of the fundamental questions regarding its history and evolution. An overall vision of the experience architecture is presented in the third point, with a description of how its main phases develop. We go on to focus on analysis of one of the project’s key issues: the pedagogical relationship established between students and pupils. We close the article by offering a number of final conclusions, together with the consulted bibliography.
Abstract:

Special Issue "Ensuring the quality of higher education"

A special issue of American Journal of Educational Research

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (November 30, 2013)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Nina Tarasenkova
Bohdan Khmelnytskyy National University in Cherkasy, Ukraine
Email: ntaras7@ukr.net

co-editor

Prof. DSc. Zdravko Lalchev
Sofia University 'St. Kliment Ohridski', Sofia, Bulgaria
Email: zdravkol@abv.bg

Ievgenii Borkach
Ferenc Rakoczi II Transcarpathian Hungarian Institute, Berehovo, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Ukraine
Email: barkatsj@gmail.com

Guest Editor

Zoltán Poór
University of West Hungary – Apáczai Csere János Faculty, Gy?r, Hungary
Email: poor.zoltan@atif.hu; poor.zoltan.ferenc@gmail.com

Oleg Melnikov
Belarusian State University, Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty, Professor
Email: melnikov@bsu.by

Special Issue Information

The issue of the quality of training in higher education establishments has been and remains the cornerstone for the effective functioning of industries, businesses and banks, the development of science, culture, education and society in general. Graduate student should be competitive in the job market. This means that they should not only get a good education, but also be willing and able to further self-improvement. To solve this problem it is important to discuss the comprehensive and diverse scientific basis of ensuring the quality of higher education, to review the results of scientific studies and the experience of higher education in various countries. The unanswered questions are: the definition of the concept of "quality of higher education", criteria and indicators of quality education, diagnostic tools, methods of monitoring the quality of education, ways and means of improving the educational process in Universities , the correlation of the quality education with higher education management and so on. In a special issue of the journal, we plan to deal with both - theoretical studies and practical achievements of scientific and educational community.

Keywods

  • The concept, criteria and indicators of quality in higher education
  • Monitoring the quality of higher education
  • Improving the educational process: content, methods, forms, and training tools
  • Management of/in higher education
  • Comparative studies
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Published Papers

   
Abstract: The article presents a comparative analysis, similarities and differences in the development of student learning and teacher training at universities in Japan and Ukraine are found. The origins of Japanese economic miracle are particularly suited to the training and education of the younger generation, combining western trends with the traditional humanistic educational principles. The Japanese education system, like Ukrainian, has undergone transformation towards humanistic many difficulties due to historical conditions and characteristics of the national mentality. Comparative analysis of the education system in Japan and Ukraine showed similar approaches in the educational process in schools: the structure of schools (primary, basic, senior), the operation of private schools, although there is a difference in the period of training; the use of credit- modular technology that promotes democratization of education; organizational forms of the educational process for the preparation of teachers (lectures, seminars, practical and so on.); Graduate School offers training both competition and on contract basis in government educational institutions; there are private educational universities.
Abstract: The article presents the humanization and democratization of the educational process of vocational and educational training teachers Ukraine, implementation of new educational technologies, finding the most optimal conceptual approaches to the development of national pedagogy cause growth of scientific and practical interest to study the experience of secondary and higher education, including the Republic of Poland. European requirements for teacher training, the quality of their professional qualifications and competencies, professional development of teachers - is the most pressing issue of training teachers in . Polish scientists actively working on finding optimal ways of improving training of primary school teachers in higher education. The most important industrial and educational and developmental functions performed by primary school teacher in the Ukraine, is a professional and personal self-help that improve the professional competence and pedagogical skills through personal and professional self-development, creating conditions for self-development and self-disclosure by the child self-development technologies and techniques.
Abstract: The article suggests an overview of secondary education characteristics in Ukraine; role, place and goals of studying mathematics in a Ukrainian secondary school; types of educational establishments are highlighted; terms of pupils’ study on each of the three basic stages are commented on.. Place and goal of studying mathematics at secondary school is discussed in the article. The results of senior pupils’ educational success monitoring on mathematics are analyzed and the examples of tests are given.
Abstract: The basic opportunities of Master of Logic program are considered in the article. A number of examples concerning its practical use while solving the basic class problems of propositional algebra are given. Program controlling component helping to develop and take measures to control students' and pupils' knowledge and skills more efficiently is considered. The article is primarily assigned for Discrete Mathematics, Mathematical Logics, Artificial Intelligence, etc. teachers of higher schools, Computer Science and Mathematics teachers of secondary schools, students of corresponding specialities and pupils.
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Abstract: In this article students’ success, their problems in the process of learning pedagogical knowledge, reasons of the low results, increasing of quality of knowledge with the help of role – situations at the pedagogical lessons are considered. There are different approaches to define the quality of future teachers’ pedagogical knowledge in scientific literature. During the investigation significant differences were found in the quality of the implementation of all functions of the educational process, especially about the characteristic of wording and definition of problems, planning of their decisions. We found out that the effectiveness of educational work in teaching disciplines is mainly determined by the students’ attitude to the pedagogical theory and realization of its importance in their future practice. The results of the establish experiment allow us to speak about the necessity to improve the quality of future teachers’ pedagogical knowledge in the system of university education. One of the ways to modernize this preparation is the simulation of role-playing situations during teaching of pedagogical disciplines. These methods create conditions for the active cognitive activity, nonstandard solution of pedagogical problems, improve the quality of pedagogical knowledge and the level of readiness for future professional activity.
Abstract: In this article the methods of formation of future teachers’ creativity in the process of learning philological disciplines is considered. Methods of different authors were worked out. The analyze of literature according to our topic helped us to separate out such methods that are important for the process of formation of students’ creativity. We investigated not only methods but also different forms of cognitive activity where the main thing is co-operation between teacher and students. Methods that are based on the role-playing and problem-situational tasks have influence on different spheres of personality: cognitive, emotional, motivated and psychological. It encourages to the further active development of pedagogical culture and creative activity. The main points, problems and ways of their overcoming are revealed. The given results of experiment prove the importance of introduction in the system of education the proposed methods. The use of such active work is evolution of creative thinking, intellectual skills, communicative abilities of future master of Philology. A modern student will be the creator in the future, and that is why it is necessary not only to work with his personality, but form his professional consciousness.
Abstract: The article focuses on the problem of university graduate students adaptation to the professional and pedagogical activity, ways and conditions of the acceleration of this process are also detailed. Factors, which stipulate efficiency of didactic adaptation of new teachers, which include professional and pedagogical orientation of teacher’s personality, professional knowledge and abilities, are analyzed. Conditions at which difficulties of educational activity of a new teacher become the mechanisms of effective adaptation process are found. Research of structural elements of young teacher professional adaptation and its basic aspects defined the necessity of purposeful pedagogical management of this process. The purpose of such management consists of providing of quickness, high level and firmness of adaptation, in reduction of moral-psychological costs of young teacher, in the rational use of knowledge, abilities and skills acquired at higher educational establishment, in the economy of spiritual and physical forces, in their creative bloom. The management of adaptation of pedagogical educational establishments graduating student supposes planning, organization, correcting of adaptive process and realization of control after it’s following.
Abstract: The article highlights transversal approach analysis in methodologies of social-pedagogical studies on the basis of historical, theoretical, technological and managerial aspects. Principles of implementation of the transversal approach, its main concepts are offered in the article. Kinds of social and pedagogical knowledge in the methodology system of science is offered. The characteristics of transversal approach in comparison of social pedagogy and social work problems is suggested.
Abstract: The present article describes the main features of a two-stage model of teacher training in and during the years 2006-2013. This time was sufficient enough for the basic training of future teachers, and this model continues to work today. In , the reduction in undergraduate training to 3 years resulted in a decline in the quality of training; the two-stage model also resulted in significant reduction of students at teacher training. This led to criticism of experts and the shift to a new model of teacher training with the scheme 4 + 1 and 5 + 1, the implementation of which was provided in 2013.
Abstract: The article dwells on the issues of teaching mathematics as a subject training organisational process. Historical principles and tendencies concerning subject-specialised school creation in particular as well as Russian and Soviet school practice are analysed in the article. The differentiation process experience on the high stage of school education in such countries as , and the has been investigated. The main functions of a subject matter mastering conception at high school have been pointed out. Mathematical education is considered to be the principal component of comprehensive education as well as the factor influencing the quality of education at a higher educational establishment on the whole run. The peculiarities of mathematical education content at a subject-specialised school in different directions of mathematical training have been illuminated in the article along with the deep consideration of succession problem of both secondary comprehensive and higher school educational processes correspondingly, which, in their turn, are regarded as the possible ways of education quality improvement in terms of higher educational establishment (HEE). The constructional principles of educational courses in various mathematical subjects are defined in the article.
Abstract: The article deals with the problem of implementing professional ethics into higher medical education while teaching foreign languages. In professional ethics of doctors encompasses the codes of morality, ethics, deontology and bioethics of major professional issues, providing facts how various professions define, interpret, and enforce ethical behavior. Professional ethics should only be educated in adolescence, in particular, while being a student. Humanity disciplines should be based on the identification of opportunities for education of ethical standards in students. The basic principles of English classes should be the use of individual, pair and group discussions of medical students’ about current professional issues, giving students the opportunity to think, to express their own thoughts and ideas and to focus on the content of cultural expression. During practical lessons the teacher should focus on medical ethics, its relationship with medical practice and modern ethics in general. Future doctors should strictly follow the main principles of medical ethics and confidential approach to patients’ problems, complaints, diagnosis and treatment.
Abstract: An important component of professional culture of teachers employed within the Higher Education (HE) sector is their corporate culture. The effectiveness of corporate culture influences teaching effectiveness. Results show that there is a frequent connection between the institutional goals and corporate culture. The behavioral indicators of the faculty members and interaction with other colleagues and administration depend on the interactions of personal values with values that the university declares. Corporate culture is taught in the higher educational system. A survey conducted among prospective university teachers revealed the need to improve the teaching techniques to ensure training in corporate culture theory. The study confirmed its primary hypothesis: different universities have common features that characterize the effectiveness of corporate culture in future faculty members assessed using value-motivational criterion.
Abstract: The modernization of Ukrainian education actualizes the investigation of the improvement and development of communicative competence of higher schools teachers as well as their future colleagues – Master's Degree students; the investigation takes place in the process of mastering pedagogical and professional subjects. The necessity of this problem solution is stressed by the majority of Ukrainian higher school teachers who face the insufficient level of preparedness for professional communication among today's young people, in particular, among the future teachers who are to have a definite level of communicative competence. The social-pedagogical necessity of professional training of communicatively competent higher school teacher nowadays is proved.
Abstract: The article considers the problem of teachers' professional burnout. Changing perceptions as to the phenomenon of professional burnout are generalized according to the historical stage of its study. The main theoretical approaches to the definition of the notion and psycho-physiological burnout structure are found. The factor analysis of teachers' professional burnout and stressor classification of professional character are presented. The stages of teachers' professional burnout and the main manifestation of psycho-physiological burnout phenomenon are determined. The classification of professional burnout symptoms is found. The influence of higher school teachers' psycho-physiological burnout formation on the level of pedagogical activity efficiency and education system functioning in general is analyzed. The level of application topicality and main approaches to the prevention measures of professional burnout are considered. Individual technology of psycho-physiological prevention is described. The programs of group form of professional burnout prevention are presented. The list of personality qualities of a specialist is proposed; their formation and development help to reduce the tendency to professional burnout. The methods of acquiring skills for stress management providing control for personal social and physical “I”, the changes of consciousness content, reproduction processes, suggestion and rational thinking are described. The universal methods of resistance to stress factors of professional character are proposed.
Abstract: The article addresses main questions of training future teachers of mathematics in Ukraine. The offered training model can be used in the classes for teaching methods of mathematics. This model provides theoretical and practical training of students with fully described stages of such classes. The correspondent system of methodological tasks for the formation of methodological competencies, enabling to use modern educational technology during educational activities was constructed. The article describes the problem of teaching students to use dialogue educational technology on mathematics lessons. It offers students a system of task with great examples how to prepare math class using such dialog technology.
Abstract: The paper deals with the highlighting of specific features of the introduction of the model of formation of future philologists’ professional competence by means of Internet technologies in the educational process. For this purpose it is necessary to solve the following tasks: 1) to perform pedagogical diagnostics of criteria and indicators of formation of future philologists’ professional competence; 2) to determine content characteristics of levels of formation of future philologists’ professional competence on the basis of the singled out criteria and indicators; 3) to implement the experimental content and methods of the additional training of students (on the basis of the author's course "Information Technologies in the Educational Process"); 4) to diagnose levels of formation of future philologists’ professional competence by means of Internet technologies and to make a comparative analysis of the obtained results with the results of the ascertaining phase of the pedagogical experiment. Diagnostic and statistical methods of research are applied in the paper.
Abstract: The article analyzes the results of determination of students’ – future math teachers’ beliefs about the state of their preparation for future professional activities. The measurement and qualitative analysis of students' beliefs concerning their future profession is an important pedagogical problem. The measurement analysis of Ukrainian students’ value beliefs (future Mathematics teachers) with the help of the methods proposed in the TEDS- M project are compared with the results of analogical investigations in Russia. The beliefs about the nature of mathematics; beliefs about learning mathematics and students’ mathematics abilities; students' beliefs about their preparedness level to professional activity were compared. Also “problem zones” for Ukrainian students' value beliefs were reviled.
Abstract: The paper focuses on the issue of university autonomy as a leverage of enhancing the quality of Ukrainian higher education, namely, how to effectively apply and appropriately adapt in Ukrainian universities international experience in the field of university autonomy. The authors trace the main tendencies in university autonomy from historical vantage point; identify the probable autonomy models for Ukraine with respect to its national identity, mentality and historical legacy; highlight the autonomous curriculum development as one of the vital aspects in the process.
Abstract: The content of mathematics education takes on a specific form of existence in a variety of shells – verbal and non-verbal, which are created with the help of sign and symbol means of a different nature. The language is the main means. In teaching signs and symbols perform a substitutional, cognitive, and communicative function; build up an informational basis of students’ learning activities. In mastering learning contents signs and symbols are the subject of study, and an instrument of knowledge. Operating sign and symbolic means is a necessary component of students’ learning activities, which is directly related to semiosis in students’ training activities and enrichment of the conceptual structures possessed and acquired by the students. Mastering different means of fixing the training material contents and every kind of sign and symbolic activity, namely – substitution, coding (decoding), schematization, and modeling is the basis of the information culture and a prerequisite for the development of each student’s personality. The selection and use of sign and symbol means should be made on the basis of the analysis of conflicts between the logical and visual. Such conflicts may have not only an objective, historically conditioned character. Most often they are generated by subjective factors – the advent of the students’ misunderstanding of the contents of the material and the negative attitudes to the possibility to understand the content, inability to place content in different sign and symbolic shell, the presence of adhesions (but not a dialectical unity) of content and form which were formed in the prior learning students’ experience, etc. Adequate conditions for the training and development of all students in the course of mathematics acquisition are created through a comprehensive, systematic and activity approaches to the use of verbal and non-verbal sign and symbol means. Thus, the new goal in teaching mathematics is the ensuring of the two processes unity: the formation of subject knowledge, skills and abilities, on the one hand, and the experience of independent sign and symbolic activities of students, on the other hand.
Abstract: The article focuses on those traits of a true teacher, which – if not inherent – should be fostered and acquired by the teacher themselves and will help in enhancing pedagogical excellence. The increasing role of the University teacher and the need to further improve the pedagogical skills of the University teaching corps are dictated by the general discourse of the society towards strengthening humanistic principles in inter-human relations, building civil society, and human-centered ideology. The paper details on those principles that give direction to, sustain, and renew educators on their journey toward educating their students.