Biomedical Science and Engineering. 2014, 2(3), 68-72DOI:
Abstract: Biomedical signals carry important information about the behaviour of the living systems under study. A proper processing of these signals in principle enhances their physiological and clinical information. Analysis of variations in the instantaneous heart rate time series using the beat to-beat RR intervals (the RR tachogram) is known as heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Sample entropy (SampEn), refined version of approximate entropy (ApEn), is a nonlinear complexity measure used to quantify the irregularity of a RR interval time series without biasing. An increase in SampEn is an indicator of increases in complexity. Linear HRV parameters are very sensitive to ECG sampling frequency and low sampling frequency may result in clinically misinterpretation of HRV. In this study consequences of errors in SampEn based HRV induced by ECG sampling frequency have been investigated. The error induced in SampEn based HRV was found to be a function of ECG sampling frequency and RR interval data length. The relative error in SampEn was approximately 3.5%.for medium and long term data (N=500, 1000 respectively) and less than 2% for short term data (N=200) at low ECG sampling frequency of 125 Hz with respect to reference values at 2000 Hz. Therefore the SampEn based HRV indices computed from RR interval time series with low ECG sampling should be regarded with caution. The finding of this study can be partly used as a reference for the optimal ECG sampling frequency for the SampEn-based HRV assessment.