American Journal of Systems and Software

Current Issue» Volume 2, Number 4 (2014)

Article

5G Network a New Look into the Future: Beyond all Generation Networks

1Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Synergy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Dhenkanal 759001, Odisha, India


American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014, 2(4), 108-112
DOI: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-5
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Sidhartha Sankar Sahoo, Malaya Kumar Hota, Kalyan Kumar Barik. 5G Network a New Look into the Future: Beyond all Generation Networks. American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014; 2(4):108-112. doi: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-5.

Correspondence to: Sidhartha  Sankar Sahoo, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Synergy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Dhenkanal 759001, Odisha, India. Email: sidhartha.nmiet@gmail.com

Abstract

We’re still in the middle of the 4G revolution, in that the superfast mobile data service is still in its infancy in both coverage and speed capabilities. Customers of telecommunication demand more and more from their technology. To maintain such a powerful system, we require a high speed wireless connectivity. The drawbacks of 4G mobile technology led the researchers and developers to arise with more advanced and efficient technologies. 5G mobile technology is the next generation of wireless networks that will totally replace existing 4G networks. This paper focuses on all preceding generations of mobile communication along with fifth generation technology. Fifth generation network provides reasonable broadband wireless connectivity (very seamless high speed). The paper throws light on the difference from 1G to 5G.

Keywords

References

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[1]  Nascimento, Andrea, et al. "A characterization of mobility management in user-centric networks", Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, pg. 314-325, 2013.
 
[2]  Mohd. Maroof Siddiqui “Vision of 5G Communication”, A. Mantri et al. (Eds.): HPAGC 2011, CCIS 169, © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 252-–256, 2011.
 
[3]  Akhilesh Kumar Pachauri, Ompal Singh, “5G Technology–Redefining wireless Communication in upcoming years”, International Journal of Computer Science and Management Research Vol 1 Issue 1 Aug 2012.
 
[4]  Arun Agarwal, and Kabita Agarwal, “The Next Generation Mobile Wireless Cellular Networks – 4G and Beyond.American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 2, no. 3 (2014): 92-97.
 
[5]  David Ott, Shilpa Talwar, Intel Labs, University Research Office, “Exploring Next Generation Wireless (5G): Transforming the user Experience”, 2013.
 
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[6]  Suvarna Patil, Vipin Patil,.Pallavi Bhat, “A Review on 5G Technology”, International Journal of Engineering and Innovative Technology, Volume 1, Issue 1, January 2012.
 
[7]  Reshma S. Sapakal, Sonali S. adam, “5G Mobile Technology”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET) Volume 2, Issue 2, February 2013.
 
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Article

Disipation Functions of Flow Equations in Models of Complex Systems

1Department of Applied Mathematics. University of Alicante. Alicante. Spain


American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014, 2(4), 101-107
DOI: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-4
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
J.L. Usó-Doménech J., Nescolarde -Selva. Disipation Functions of Flow Equations in Models of Complex Systems. American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014; 2(4):101-107. doi: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-4.

Correspondence to: Nescolarde  -Selva, Department of Applied Mathematics. University of Alicante. Alicante. Spain. Email: josue.selva@ua.es

Abstract

In an open system, each disequilibrium causes a force. Each force causes a flow process, these being represented by a flow variable formally written as an equation called flow equation, and if each flow tends to equilibrate the system, these equations mathematically represent the tendency to that equilibrium. In this paper, the authors, based on the concepts of forces and conjugated fluxes and dissipation function developed by Onsager and Prigogine, they expose the following hypothesis: Is replaced in Prigogine’s Theorem the flow by its equation or by a "flow orbital" considering conjugate force as a gradient. This allows to obtain a dissipation function for each flow equation and a function of orbital dissipation.

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References

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[7]  Sastre-Vazquez, P., Usó-Domènech, J.L. and Mateu, J. 2000. Adaptation of linguistics laws to ecological models. Kybernetes.. 29 (9/10). 1306-1323.
 
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[10]  Usó-Domenech, J.L., Mateu, J. and López, J.A. 1997a. Mathematical and Statistical Formulation of an Ecological Model with Applications. Ecological.Modelling, 101, 27-40.
 
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[12]  Usó-Domènech, J.L., Mateu, J., Villacampa, Y., and Sastre-Vazquez, P. 2000. A proposal of Uncertainty and Complementary Principles in Flow Equations of Ecological Models. Cybernetic and Systems: an International Journal. 31 (2), p 137-160.
 
[13]  Usó-Domènech, J.L., P. Sastre-Vazquez, J. Mateu. 2001. Syntax and First Entropic Approximation of L(MT): A Language for Ecological Modelling. Kybernetes. 30 (9/10). 1304-1318.
 
[14]  Usó-Domènech, J.L., Sastre-Vazquez, P. 2002. Semantics of L(MT): A Language for Ecological Modelling. Kybernetes 31 (3/4), 561-576.
 
[15]  Usó-Domènech, J.L, Vives Maciá, F. and Mateu. J.. 2006a. Regular grammars of L(MT): a language for ecological systems modelling (I) –part I. Kybernetes 35 n 6, 837-850.
 
[16]  Usó-Domènech, J.L, Vives Maciá, F. and Mateu. J.. 2006b. Regular grammars of L(MT): a language for ecological systems modelling (II) –part II. Kybernetes 35 (9/10), 1137-1150
 
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[19]  Villacampa, Y., Usó-Domènech, J.L., Mateu, J. Vives, F. and Sastre, P. 1999a. Generative and Recognoscitive Grammars in Ecological Models. Ecological Modelling. 117, 315-332.
 
[20]  Villacampa, Y., Usó-Domènech, J.L., Castro, M.A. and Sastre-Vazquez, P. 1999b. A Text Theory of Ecological Systems. Cybernetic and Systems: an International Journal. 30. 587-608.
 
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Article

Factors Affecting RFID System Performance and Non-parametric Analysis

1Department of Engineering Technology, Mississippi Valley State University, Itta Bena, USA

2Department of Nursing, University of Phoenix, Tempe, USA


American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014, 2(4), 94-100
DOI: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Lidong Wang, Cheryl Ann Alexander. Factors Affecting RFID System Performance and Non-parametric Analysis. American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014; 2(4):94-100. doi: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-3.

Correspondence to: Lidong  Wang, Department of Engineering Technology, Mississippi Valley State University, Itta Bena, USA. Email: lwang@mvsu.edu

Abstract

Many factors can affect radio frequency identification (RFID) system performance. This paper focuses on three selected factors: the RF attenuation, the tagged material, and the tag orientations angle. The effect of the RF attenuation on the response rate of the BlueBean RFID Development Lab System was tested and read ranges at various tag orientations angles were measured. A design of experiments (DOE) method was used to understand and quantify the relative influence of the three factors on the read range of the BlueBean RFID system. There are two main methods of measuring tag performance. The first method uses fixed distance to the tag and finds the minimum transmitted power at which the tag becomes detectable. The second method uses fixed transmitted power while the tag is being moved away until it cannot be read. Both the two experimental methods were used and a comparative study of the two methods was conducted using a non-parametric method based on the U test.

Keywords

References

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[3]  Nikitin, P.V., Rao, K.V.S., Lazar, S. “An Overview of Near Field UHF RFID.” IEEE International Conference on RFID, 26-28 March, 2007, Grapevine, TX, 167-174, 2007.
 
[4]  Cole, P.H., Hu Z.-H. and Wang, Y.-X. “Operating Range Evaluation of RFID Systems.” Advanced Radio Frequency Identification Design and Applications, Dr Stevan Preradovic (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-168-8, InTech, 2011. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/advanced-radio-frequency-identificationdesign-and-applications/operating-range-evaluation-of-rfid-systems
 
[5]  Asif, Z., Mandviwalla, M. “Integrating the supply chain with RFID: a technical and business analysis.” Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 15, 393-427, 2005.
 
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[8]  Wang, L., Norman, B.A., Rajgopal, J. “Placement of multiple RFID reader antennas to maximise portal read accuracy.” International Journal of Radio Frequency Identification Technology and Applications, 1 (3), 260-277, 2007.
 
[9]  Lorenzo, J., Girbau, D., Lázaro A. and Villarino, R. “Read range reduction in UHF RFID due to antenna detuning and gain penalty.” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 53 (1), 144-148, 2011
 
[10]  Hodges, S., Thorne, A., Mallinson, H. and Floerkemeier, C. “Assessing and Optimizing the Range of UHF RFID to Enable Real-World Pervasive Computing Applications.” PERVASIVE’07 Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Pervasive computing, Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, 280-297, 2007.
 
[11]  Hicks, C.R. and Turner, K.V., Fundamental Concepts in the Design of Experiments, Fifth Edition, Oxford University Press, 1999.
 
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[15]  Alien Technology Corporation, Reader Interface Guide, 2008.
 
[16]  Erdem, E., Zeng, H., Zhou, J., et. al. “Investigation of RFID tag readability for pharmaceutical products at item level.” Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, 35 (11), 1312-1324, 2009.
 
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Article

Saint Mathew Law and Bonini Paradox in Textual Theory of Complex Models

1Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain


American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014, 2(4), 89-93
DOI: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
J.L. Usó-Doménech, J Nescolarde-Selva, M. Lloret-Climent. Saint Mathew Law and Bonini Paradox in Textual Theory of Complex Models. American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014; 2(4):89-93. doi: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-2.

Correspondence to: J  Nescolarde-Selva, Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain. Email: josue.selva@ua.es

Abstract

The mathematical models of the complex reality are texts belonging to a certain literature that is written in a semi-formal language, denominated L(MT) by the authors whose laws linguistic mathematics have been previously defined. This text possesses linguistic entropy that is the reflection of the physical entropy of the processes of real world that said text describes. Through the temperature of information defined by Mandelbrot, the authors begin a text-reality thermodynamic theory that drives to the existence of information attractors, or highly structured point, settling down a heterogeneity of the space text, the same one that of ontologic space, completing the well-known law of Saint Mathew, of the General Theory of Systems and formulated by Margalef saying: “To the one that has more he will be given, and to the one that doesn't have he will even be removed it little that it possesses."

Keywords

References

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[1]  Bonini, Ch. P. 1963. Simulation of information and decision systems in the firm, Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall
 
[2]  Mandelbrot, B. 1954. Structure formelle des textes et communication. Deux études. Word, 10. 1-27.
 
[3]  Mandelbrot, B. 1961. Word frequencies and Markovian models of discourse. In: Structure of Language and its Mathematical Aspects, Proceedings of Symposia in Applied Mathematics, 12. American Mathematical Society, Providence, Rhode Island, 190-219.
 
[4]  Margalef, R. La Biosfera, entre la Termodinámica y el juego. Ediciones Omega, S.A. Barcelona. (In Spanish).
 
[5]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. and Usó-Doménech, J. L. 2013a. An introduction to Alysidal Algebra V: Phenomenological components. Kybernetes. Vol. 42 (8). pp. 1248 – 1264.
 
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[6]  Nescolarde-Selva, J. and Usó-Doménech, J. L 2013b. Topological Structures of Complex Belief Systems (II): Textual Materialization. Complexity. Vol. 19, 2. 50-62
 
[7]  Sastre-Vazquez., P., J.L. Usó-Doménech, Y. Villacampa, J. Mateu and P. Salvador. 1999a. Statistical Linguistic Laws in Ecological Models. Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal. Vol 30. 8. 697-724.
 
[8]  Sastre-Vazquez, P., Usó-Doménech, J.L. and Mateu, J. 2000b. Adaptation of linguistics laws to ecological models. Kybernetes.. 29 (9/10). 1306-1323.
 
[9]  Usó-Doménech, J. L., Mateu, J and J.A. Lopez. 1997. Mathematical and Statistical formulation of an ecological model with applications. Ecological Modelling. 101, 27-40.
 
[10]  Usó-Doménech, J.L., Villacampa, Y., Mateu, J., and Sastre-Vazquez, P. 2000a. A proposal of Uncertainty and Complementary Principles in Flow Equations of Ecological Models. Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal. 31 (2), p 137-160.
 
[11]  Usó-Doménech, J.L., Villacampa, Y. 2001. Semantics of complex Structural Systems: Presentation and Representation. A synchronic vision of language L (MT). Int. Journal of General Systems. 30 (4). 479-501.
 
[12]  Usó-Doménech, J.L, P. Sastre-Vazquez, J. Mateu. 2001b. Syntax and First Entropic Approximation of L (MT): A Language for Ecological Modelling. Kybernetes. 30 (9/10). 1304-1318.
 
[13]  Usó-Doménech, J.L, Sastre-Vazquez, P. 2002. Semantics of L(MT): A Language for Ecological Modelling. Kybernetes. 31 (3/4), 561-576.
 
[14]  Usó-Doménech, J.L, Vives Maciá, F. And Mateu. J.. 2006a. Regular grammars of L (MT): a language for ecological systems modelling (I) –part I. Kybernetes. 35 nº6, 837-850.
 
[15]  Usó-Doménech, J.L, Vives Maciá, F. And Mateu. J.. 2006b. Regular grammars of L(MT): a language for ecological systems modelling (II) –part II. Kybernetes 35 (9/10), 1137-1150.
 
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[17]  Villacampa-Esteve, Y., Usó-Doménech, J.L., Castro-Lopez-M, A. and P. Sastre-Vazquez. 1999b. A Text Theory of Ecological Models. Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal. Vol 30, 7. 587-607.
 
[18]  Villacampa, Y. and Usó-Doménech, J.L. 1999. Mathematical Models of Complex Structural systems. A Linguistic Vision. Int. Journal of General Systems Vo. l 28, no. 1, 37-52..
 
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Article

Evaluation of Triple Integrals

1Department of Management and Information, Nan Jeon University of Science and Technology, Tainan City, Taiwan

2Department of Information Technology, Nan Jeon University of Science and Technology, Tainan City, Taiwan


American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014, 2(4), 85-88
DOI: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Chii-Huei Yu, Shinn-Der Sheu. Evaluation of Triple Integrals. American Journal of Systems and Software. 2014; 2(4):85-88. doi: 10.12691/ajss-2-4-1.

Correspondence to: Chii-Huei  Yu, Department of Management and Information, Nan Jeon University of Science and Technology, Tainan City, Taiwan. Email: chiihuei@nju.edu.tw

Abstract

This article considers two types of triple integrals and uses Maple for verification. The infinite series forms of the two types of triple integrals can be obtained using binomial series and integration term by term theorem. In addition, some examples are used to demonstrate the calculations.

Keywords

References

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[4]  C. -H. Yu, “A study of two types of definite integrals with Maple,” Jökull Journal, Vol. 64, No. 2, pp. 543-550, 2014.
 
[5]  C. -H. Yu, “Evaluating two types of definite integrals using Parseval’s theorem,” Wulfenia Journal, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 24-32, 2014.
 
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[6]  C. -H. Yu, “Solving some definite integrals using Parseval’s theorem,” American Journal of Numerical Analysis, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 60-64, 2014.
 
[7]  C. -H. Yu, “Some types of integral problems,” American Journal of Systems and Software, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 22-26, 2014.
 
[8]  C. -H. Yu, “Using Maple to study the double integral problems,” Applied and Computational Mathematics, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 28-31, 2013.
 
[9]  C. -H. Yu, “A study on double Integrals,” International Journal of Research in Information Technology, Vol. 1, Issue. 8, pp. 24-31, 2013.
 
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[29]  C. -H. Yu, “Evaluating some types of definite integrals,” American Journal of Software Engineering, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, pp. 13-15, 2014.
 
[30]  C. -H. Yu and B. -H. Chen, “Solving some types of integrals using Maple,” Universal Journal of Computational Mathematics, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 39-47, 2014.
 
[31]  C. -H. Yu and S. -D. Sheu “Infinite series forms of double integrals,” International Journal of Data Envelopment Analysis and *Operations Research*, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 16-20, 2014.
 
[32]  C. -H. Yu and S. -D. Sheu “Using area mean value theorem to solve some double integrals,” Turkish Journal of Analysis and Number Theory, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 75-79, 2014.
 
[33]  T. -J. Chen and C. -H. Yu, “A study on the integral problems of trigonometric functions using two methods,” Wulfenia Journal, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 76-86, 2014.
 
[34]  T. -J. Chen and C. -H. Yu, “Fourier series expansions of some definite integrals,” Sylwan Journal, Vol. 158, Issue. 5, pp. 124-131, 2014.
 
[35]  T. -J. Chen and C. -H. Yu, “Evaluating some definite integrals using generalized Cauchy integral formula,” Mitteilungen Klosterneuburg, Vol. 64, Issue. 5, pp. 52-63, 2014.
 
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