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Article

Preparation of Vaterite Calcium Carbonate in the Form of Spherical Nano-size Particles with the Aid of Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer as a Capping Agent

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nassr City, P.O. 11884, Cairo, Egypt

2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Halwan University, Halwan, Cairo, Egypt


American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016, 4(2), 44-51
doi: 10.12691/ajn-4-2-3
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Mohamed El-Shahate Ismaiel Saraya, Hanaa Hassan Abdel Latif Rokbaa. Preparation of Vaterite Calcium Carbonate in the Form of Spherical Nano-size Particles with the Aid of Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer as a Capping Agent. American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016; 4(2):44-51. doi: 10.12691/ajn-4-2-3.

Correspondence to: Mohamed  El-Shahate Ismaiel Saraya, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Nassr City, P.O. 11884, Cairo, Egypt. Email: mohamedsaraya37@gmail.com

Abstract

Vaterite is an important biomedical material due to its properties such as high specific surface area, high solubility, high dispersion, and small specific gravity. In this study, spherical vaterite composed of nanoparticles are synthesized by precipitation route assisted by Polycarboxylate superplasticizer (PSS). The calcium carbonate was prepared by reacting a mixed solution of Na2CO3 with a CaCl2 solution at an ambient temperature, 25 °C, in the presence of polycarboxylate superplasticizer as a stabilizer. The effects of PSS on the morphology and polymorph of precipitated CaCO3 are investigated with the help of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It is supposed that the core-shell structured microspheres with the nanoparticles are attributed to the adsorption of PSS on the faces of calcium carbonate crystals. The results revealed that polycarboxylate superplasticizer can use in preparation of vaterite calcium carbonate from aqueous solutions. The prepared vaterite calcium carbonate has nanoparticles with the average particle size ranging from 15 to 26 nm as estimated using TEM.

Keywords

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Article

Synthesis, Characterization and Thermoluminescence Studies of (ZnS)1-x(MnTe)x Nanophosphors

1School of Studies in Physics and Astrophysics, Pt. RaviShankar Shukla University, Raipur-492010 (C.G.), India

2HOD Nanotechnology Rajiv Ganhi Techanical University, Bhopal (M.P.)


American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016, 4(3), 52-57
doi: 10.12691/ajn-4-3-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Deepti Pateria, Jyostna Chauhan. Synthesis, Characterization and Thermoluminescence Studies of (ZnS)1-x(MnTe)x Nanophosphors. American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016; 4(3):52-57. doi: 10.12691/ajn-4-3-1.

Correspondence to: Jyostna  Chauhan, HOD Nanotechnology Rajiv Ganhi Techanical University, Bhopal (M.P.). Email: jyotsnachauhan2006@gmail.com

Abstract

The present paper reports the thermoluminescence (TL) of (ZnS) 1-x (MnTe) x nanophosphors which was prepared by wet chemical synthesis. (ZnS)1-x(MnTe)x nanophosphors give intense thermoluminescence. The structure investigated by X-ray diffraction patterns confirms the formation of sphalerite phase whose space group is found to be F3 m. From XRD mesurement average size of particles was found of 11 nm. The TEM measurement indicates that the particle size is in the 9-13 nm. Nanometre size phosphors are preferred in a number of applications not only due to their particle size but also due to smooth imaging of the stress. (ZnS) 1-x (MnTe) x is very use full material and can be used in various luminescence applications such as making of various sensors and thermoluminescence application like dosimetry, ete. Initially the TL intensity increases with increasing value of x because the number of luminescence centres increases. However, for higher values of x the TL intensity decreases because of the concentration quenching. Thus the TL, Mechanoluminescence (ML) and Photoluminescence (PL) intensities are optimum for a particular value of x, that is, for x=0.05. Thermoluminescence of (ZnS) 1-x (MnTe) x nanophosphor has not reported, till now. There are two peaks in thermoluminescence glow curves of in which the first peak lies at 105°C-100°C and the second peak lies at 183.5°C -178.5°C. The activation energies for frist and second peaks are found to be 0.45 eV and 0.75 eV, respectively.

Keywords

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Article

Modeling of the Scattering Process and the Optical Photo-generation Rate of a Dye Sensitized Solar Cell: Influence of the TiO2 Radius

1Groupe de physique du Solide et Sciences des Matériaux, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (UCAD), B.P. 25114 Dakar-Fann Dakar (Sénégal)


American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016, 4(3), 58-62
doi: 10.12691/ajn-4-3-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
E. H. O. Gueye, P. D. Tall, O. Sakho, C. B. Ndao, M. B. Gaye, N. M. Ndiaye, B. D. Ngom, A.C. Beye. Modeling of the Scattering Process and the Optical Photo-generation Rate of a Dye Sensitized Solar Cell: Influence of the TiO2 Radius. American Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016; 4(3):58-62. doi: 10.12691/ajn-4-3-2.

Correspondence to: B.  D. Ngom, Groupe de physique du Solide et Sciences des Matériaux, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar (UCAD), B.P. 25114 Dakar-Fann Dakar (Sénégal). Email: bdngom@gmail.com

Abstract

We report on a methodology for optical and electrical modeling of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In order to take into account the scattering process, the optical model is based on the determination of the effective permittivity of the mixture and the scattering coefficient using Mie and Bruggeman theories, considering spherical particles. Then, from the radiative transfer equation, the optical generation rate of cell is deduced. From the presented model, the dependence effects of the nanoparticles size upon the extinction coefficient and the optical generation rate are evidenced. Thus, we noticed that the extinction coefficient decreases with the increase of the TiO2 nanoparticles and vanishes when the wavelengths increases in the visible spectrum. A significant uniformity of the absorption for radius smaller than 10 nm is observed, however at a radius about 80 nm, we observe a non-uniformity. The simulated results based on this model are in good agreement with the experimental results.

Keywords

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