Welcome to American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of Civil Engineering and Architecture. The aim of the journal is to provide academicians, researchers and professionals a platform to share cutting-edge development in the field of Civil Engineering and Architecture.

ISSN (Print): 2328-398X

ISSN (Online): 2328-3998

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Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJCEA



Comprehending Vernacular Architecture in the Architectural Educational System in Iran

1Department of Architecture, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(2), 45-51
doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
MohammadMoein Masrour, MohammadJaffar Karbaschi. Comprehending Vernacular Architecture in the Architectural Educational System in Iran. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(2):45-51. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-2.

Correspondence to: MohammadMoein  Masrour, Department of Architecture, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran. Email: mm.masrour@Gmail.com


Architectural studies in Iranian universities are based on models and educational system as well as a good understanding of vernacular architecture. Unfortunately, in spite of its strong and efficient practical background throughout Iran, vernacular architecture has not yet acquired its true position in academic architecture since its scientific and practical aspects have not been sufficiently studied. Correct understanding of vernacular architecture can familiarize students of architecture with the all important global problems, namely, introducing architectural solutions in the design and construction of buildings for the purpose of reducing environmental problems, as well as making clear the role of sustainability factors in presenting new ideas for building. In this article, the reason for, as well as methods, of architectural education based on vernacular architecture was investigated. For this purpose, by focusing special attention on vernacular architectural design as well as educational methods based on traditional and modern principles, the authors presented an educational model for vernacular architecture. Library studies were used to gather the necessary information. The research findings showed that architects and students alike need to acquire an understanding of vernacular architecture with regard to Islamic architecture and historical studies, various practical and workshop designs for spatial elements, performance of vernacular architecture in traditional structure and culture, and fundamental modernistic movement theories of vernacular architecture. The obtained results indicate that correct definitions and proper understanding of performance, description of relevant principles, and reconstruction of traditional architecture technology are essential elements in vernacular architectural education.



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Simplified Parametric (Phenomenological) Model of Creep of Concrete in Direct Tension

1Department of Civil Engineering, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria

2Department of Civil Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(2), 52-58
doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ephraim M. E., Rowland-Lato E. O.. Simplified Parametric (Phenomenological) Model of Creep of Concrete in Direct Tension. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(2):52-58. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-2-3.

Correspondence to: Rowland-Lato  E. O., Department of Civil Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Email: rowlandlato@yahoo.com


An analytical model based on the experimental trend of the creep deformation of concrete in direct tension is developed. The model is calibrated for normal and high strength concretes and the results show close agreement with experimental data. The inclussion of the stress level is a unique feature of the model and presents a prospect for predicting concrete deformation for any regime of loading. The model confirm that the creep strain of concrete in tension are non-linear right frm the begining of loading therby ruling out the applicability of the principle of superposition The model presents a means for incorporating the nonlinearlity of creep into other predictive models of concrete.



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Suitability of Porcelain and Marble Industrial Waste Powder to Produce High Performance Concrete

1Civil Engineering Department, A D Patel Institute of Technology, New Vallabh Vidyanagar, India

2Civil Engineering Department, Babariya Institute of Technology, Vadodara, India

American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015, 3(3), 59-63
doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-3-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Vatsalkumar Narendrabhai Patel, Nirajkumar Dilipbhai Shah. Suitability of Porcelain and Marble Industrial Waste Powder to Produce High Performance Concrete. American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture. 2015; 3(3):59-63. doi: 10.12691/ajcea-3-3-1.

Correspondence to: Vatsalkumar  Narendrabhai Patel, Civil Engineering Department, A D Patel Institute of Technology, New Vallabh Vidyanagar, India. Email: vatsalp1976@gmail.com


A siliceous or aluminous material, which possesses a little or no cementitious value but will, in a finely divided form and in the presence of moisture, chemically react with calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2 to form compounds possessing hydraulic cementitious properties. The great abundance of Porcelain and Marble waste powder industrial wastes in Gujarat (India) makes it the most suitable materials for cement-based applications. To enhance the use of Porcelain and Marble waste powder as a Supplementary Cementitious Material in Gujarat (India), a proper method to evaluate its pozzolanic activity is necessary. The pozzolanic reactivity of the Porcelain and Marble waste Powder was evaluated by conducting strength development tests according to ASTM C311. After 28 days, the strength activity index of the Porcelain and Marble waste powder with ordinary Portland cement exhibited very good performance and was higher than 90 %, therefore it is suitable to produce a high performance concrete.



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