ISSN (Print): 2328-3947

ISSN (Online): 2328-3955

Editor-in-Chief: Hari K. Koul

Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJBR

   

Article

Effects of Selenium Treatment on Healing of Acetic Acid Induced Gastric Ulcer in Albino Wistar Rats

1Department of Human Physiology, College of Health Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyigba. Post code: 272102, Nigeria

2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyigba. Post code: 272102, Nigeria


American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2016, 4(1), 18-22
doi: 10.12691/ajbr-4-1-4
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Adeniyi Olasupo Stephen, Omale James, Egwuje Rita Ikoojo, Ajayi Olugbenga Sunday. Effects of Selenium Treatment on Healing of Acetic Acid Induced Gastric Ulcer in Albino Wistar Rats. American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2016; 4(1):18-22. doi: 10.12691/ajbr-4-1-4.

Correspondence to: Adeniyi  Olasupo Stephen, Department of Human Physiology, College of Health Sciences, Kogi State University, Anyigba. Post code: 272102, Nigeria. Email: supoadeniyi@yahoo.com

Abstract

The effects of selenium on healing of acetic acid induced gastric ulcer investigated in albino Wistar rats and the results were compared with that of a standard drug omeprazole. Animals were anesthetized with 50mg/kg sodium thiopental, laparotomy was performed and gastric ulcer was induced by application of 80% acetic acid to the serosal surface of stomach. Animals were then divided into three groups. Group 1 was treated with 1 ml/kg/day normal saline (NS) (p.o), group 2; 100µg/kg/day selenium (p.o) and group 3; 20mg/kg/day omeprazole (p.o). Treatment period was 10 days post ulcer induction. Assessment of ulcer healing was done on days 3, 7 and 10 respectively by measurement of ulcer area, lipid peroxidation, catalase activity and mucus secretion. Result showed that by day 7 and 10, the reduction in ulcer area was more significant in selenium and omeprazole treated (p< 0.05, 0.05) respectively. By day 7 and 10, lipid peroxidation was significantly lower in selenium and omeprazole treated as compared with NS treated (p<0.05, 0.05). Furthermore by day 3, 7 and 10, catalase activity was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in selenium treated as compared with NS treated. Result also showed that mucus secretion was significantly higher in selenium and omeprazole treated (p < 0.001, 0.001) compared with NS by day 7. However, by day 10, secretion in both selenium and omeprazole treated had started to decline. In conclusion, selenium accelerated ulcer healing by facilitating mucosal regeneration, reducing lipid peroxidation, increasing antioxidant activity and by altering mucus secretion response.

Keywords

References

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Article

The Effects of Crude Extracts and Fractions of Alchemilla abyssinica on Smooth Muscle of Guinea-pig Ileum: An in Vitro Study

1Unit of Human Physiology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia

2Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

3Department of Human Physiology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2016, 4(1), 23-26
doi: 10.12691/ajbr-4-1-5
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
A. Esaiyas, Y. Mekonnen, T. Tolessa. The Effects of Crude Extracts and Fractions of Alchemilla abyssinica on Smooth Muscle of Guinea-pig Ileum: An in Vitro Study. American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2016; 4(1):23-26. doi: 10.12691/ajbr-4-1-5.

Correspondence to: A.  Esaiyas, Unit of Human Physiology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia. Email: atuesu@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: Alchemilla abyssinica is a plant widely used in traditional medicine. Its wide use among the community plus already established scientific evidences for medicinal values of other Alchemilla species provided good ground for this investigation. Methods: In this research, CHCl3/EtoAc 1:1 extract of dried aerial parts of Alchemilla abyssinica, methanolic extract of the CHCl3/ EtoAc residue and fractions of the methanolic extract were tested on isolated guinea-pig ileum (GPI) for possible presence of spasmogenic or spasmolytic effects. Concentrations of each extract and fraction ranging from 20-600 μg/ml final organ bath concentration were tested. The effects of these test samples on the basal rhythmic contractions of the GPI as well as on its contraction elicited using the agonist, histamine, were determined. The antagonist, Papaverine, was also used as a control smooth muscle relaxant. Results: While the CHCl3/EtoAc 1:1 extract showed neither spasmogenic nor spasmolytic result, the methanolic extract showed marked spasmolytic effect. This methanolic extract was fractionated using column chromatography and the fraction eluted using Hexane/EtoAc 1:2 gave greatest spasmolytic result. This fraction produced significant (P<0.05) dose-dependent spasmolytic effects on the agonist induced contractions of the GPI to 95.7% at 20 μg/ml, 43.6% at 70 μg/ml and 14.2% at 120 μg/ml in the organ bath. Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that Alchemilla abyssinica possesses spasmolytic property. The oral acute toxicity study showed Alchemilla abyssinica exhibited no toxicity up to doses of 1,000 mg/kg body weight in Swiss albino mice. Further chemical work to identify the compound(s) responsible for the activity is recommended.

Keywords

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Article

Formulation Development and In-vitro Evaluation of Minoxidil Bearing Glycerosomes

1S.D. College of Pharmacy & Voc. Studies, Muzaffarnagar, (U.P.), India

2R.K.S.D College of Pharmacy, Kaithal (Haryana), India


American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2016, 4(2), 27-37
doi: 10.12691/ajbr-4-2-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Deepika Rani, Chhater Singh, Arvind Kumar, Vinit Kr. Sharma. Formulation Development and In-vitro Evaluation of Minoxidil Bearing Glycerosomes. American Journal of Biomedical Research. 2016; 4(2):27-37. doi: 10.12691/ajbr-4-2-1.

Correspondence to: Chhater  Singh, S.D. College of Pharmacy & Voc. Studies, Muzaffarnagar, (U.P.), India. Email: pharma_pharm@yahoo.com

Abstract

Present study was undertaken to assess the potential of Glycerosomes as a novel drug delivery system for topical application of Minoxidil. Pre-formulation studies were done for identification of drug as well as for determination of its physiochemical properties. Spectra of various mixtures of drug and excipients do not show any additional peak thus, indicating compatibility with each other. Glycerosomes was prepared by using lipid thin film hydration method. Prepared formulations were evaluated in terms of particle size, surface analysis, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency and in-vitro drug release. The formulated Glycerosomes were found to have better surface characteristics and entrapment efficiency. The in vitro drug dissolution study was carried out using egg membrane on modified franz diffusion cell and the release mechanisms were explored. The release data was incorporated into various mathematical models and the formulation follows Higuchi as well as Fickian diffusion. Results study proved that Glycerosomes containing Minoxidil can be an excellent therapy for Alopecia.

Keywords

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