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American Journal of Applied Psychology

ISSN (Print): 2333-472X

ISSN (Online): 2333-4738

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Influence of Trainee Teacher Philosophy about Teaching and Learning on Integration of Computer Technology into Future Teaching Practices

1Department of Educational Psychology, University of Eldoret, Eldoret City

2Department of Curriculum Instruction and Educational Media, Moi University, Eldoret City

American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2016, 4(1), 17-22
doi: 10.12691/ajap-4-1-3
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Lilian C. Kimaiyo, Kisilu .M. Kitainge, Jackson Too. Influence of Trainee Teacher Philosophy about Teaching and Learning on Integration of Computer Technology into Future Teaching Practices. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2016; 4(1):17-22. doi: 10.12691/ajap-4-1-3.

Correspondence to: Lilian  C. Kimaiyo, Department of Educational Psychology, University of Eldoret, Eldoret City. Email:


The study sought to establish the influence of trainee teacher philosophy about teaching and learning on integration of computer technology into future teaching practices. This was done in the light of the fact that the Kenya government has launched the national laptop project in public primary schools which is expected to run from July, 2016.It is expected that the teachers who are undertaking training in Primary school Teacher Training colleges are key to effective implementation of computer use. The study was carried out in five public Teacher Training Colleges in the Rift Valley Province, Kenya. This study employed a correlational research design. The research population for the study was all teacher trainees in pubic teacher training colleges in Rift Valley. The colleges have a total population of 5,075 student teachers. Using a table of random numbers, the researcher then selected proportional samples from each stratum in every Teacher Training College to ensure that there was uniform representation of the different groups. The total sample from the five TTCs was 357 trainee teachers. The primary data was collected using a questionnaire consisting of two scales. The study established that there was a statistically significant influence of trainee teachers’ philosophy about teaching and learning on prospective ICT integration. Trainee teachers who believed that learners construct their own knowledge with the teacher as a guide scored highly on intentions to integrate ICT in the classroom than those who believed that the teacher is the source of knowledge. Trainee teachers who intended to use child-centered teaching practices viewed ICT integration positively. It is therefore important that teacher trainers in TTCs emphasize learner-centered teaching methods in order to promote ICT integration.



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Impact of Parenting Styles on the Intensity of Parental and Peer Attachment: Exploring the Gender Differences in Adolescents

1Applied Psychology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan

American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2016, 4(2), 23-30
doi: 10.12691/ajap-4-2-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Safina Safdar, Syeda Mehreen Zahrah. Impact of Parenting Styles on the Intensity of Parental and Peer Attachment: Exploring the Gender Differences in Adolescents. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2016; 4(2):23-30. doi: 10.12691/ajap-4-2-1.

Correspondence to: Safina  Safdar, Applied Psychology, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Pakistan. Email:


The study investigates the gender differences in parenting styles on the intensity of parental and peer attachment. Urdu translated version of Parental Authority Questionnaire (Babree, 1997) and Inventory of Parental and Peer attachment, urdu version (Zafar, 2009) were used to collect the information from the participants. Sample recruited from different public schools comprised of adolescents (N=284) with equal boys and girls of age 13 to 16. It was hypothesized that: there would be a significant impact of parenting styles on the intensity of parental and peers attachment and there would be a significant gender difference on the intensity of parental and peer attachment. Multiple Regression analysis and independent sample t.test was applied to test the hypothesis of the study. Results indicated that parenting styles are a strong predictor of intensity of parental and peer attachment. However authoritative parenting style had a significant and positive impact on both of the variables (parental and peer attachment). Result showed the negative and significant impact of permissive and authoritarian parenting styles on parental and peer attachment. Gender differences indicted that girls show great intensity of parental attachment and boys show greater peer attachment. Current study is pretty insightful in understanding the role of parenting styles in developing the intensity of parental and peer attachment.



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Gender Differences: Association of Sex Drives and Marital Satisfaction

1M.Phil Psychology, National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad

American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2016, 4(2), 31-38
doi: 10.12691/ajap-4-2-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Saira Javed, Tabish Gul, Umm-e-Siddiqa. Gender Differences: Association of Sex Drives and Marital Satisfaction. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2016; 4(2):31-38. doi: 10.12691/ajap-4-2-2.

Correspondence to: Saira  Javed, M.Phil Psychology, National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad. Email:


Men and women are very different in nature and preferences of their sexual behavior. Sex drive refers to the strength of sexual impulse in one’s body and significantly impact marital satisfaction/relationship. The main purpose of conducting present study was to identify differences in strength of sexual desire between men and women and what impacts it has on marital satisfaction in Pakistani context. This study took place in the twin cities of Pakistan (Rawalpindi & Islamabad). Data was collected from married individuals using convenient sampling technique. The participants reported on demographic sheet, Sexual Desire Inventory- 2 (Spector, Carey & Steinberg, 1996) for assessing sexual desires and ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Scale (Flowers & Olsen, 1993) for evaluating marital satisfaction among married couples after signing formal consent from each participant. Present study is cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative in nature, was administered on a sample of 200 married individuals ranging between 22 to 46 years age. To test the hypotheses, independent samples t-test, ANOVA and Pearson’s bivariate correlation coefficient was used from SPSS version 21. It was assumed that males will score higher on sexual desire than females. The results show no significant difference between the level of sexual desire between male and females. The second hypothesis assumed that sexual desire and marital satisfaction are positively correlated. The results confirmed this assumption as there was a small positive correlation between sexual desire and marital satisfaction. Current research also tested whether level of education is associated with sexual desire. However, results indicate that education level does not predict sexual desire.



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