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American Journal of Applied Psychology

ISSN (Print): 2333-472X

ISSN (Online): 2333-4738

Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJAP

Article

Families Facing Hospitalization

1University Paulista – UNIP, Santos/SP, Brazil

2PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP – Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 17-20
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-5
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ribeiro Thayana Aparecida de Oliveira, Nobre Thalita Lacerda. Families Facing Hospitalization. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):17-20. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-5.

Correspondence to: Nobre  Thalita Lacerda, PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP – Brazil. Email: thalitaln@gmail.com.br

Abstract

This study aims to understand the relationship between the triad: patient-family-staff during the disease process and hospitalization. In view of this, to make the study of a fragment, we used the service provided to a patient on the ward: Clínica Médica II do Hospital Guilherme Álvaro, located in Santos / SP, o Programa de Aprimoramento Profissional. The choice of the topic was given from the difficulty in dialogue between the demands brought by patients and their families by posing as challenge of the important task of facilitating the relationship patient-family-staff, as providing a space for the emotions triggered in this process of struggling for life and give it the freedom of expression and come to be expressed and accepted. From a definition that considers family - closed system of interdependent relationships - is exposed in this work a brief introduction of the concept of family in order to describe the reactions of families most frequently observed in cases of hospitalization. The family can to get to act in pursuit of effective patient recovering, reintegrating them in the family system, paralyzing on the verge of death or diagnosis of the family, and even identifying benefits posed by the disease and mobilizing itself to keep it. Throughout the article are also explored phases faced by family - analogous to the stages experienced by the patient, the range of feelings and emotions that permeate the relations established in this context, to forms of communication and the suffering imposed denouncing through words, gestures, conflicts, silences implicated in the hospitalization process.

Keywords

References

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[2]  CAMON, Valdemar; CHIATTONE, Heloísa; ET AL. E a psicologia entrou no hospital (...). São Paulo: Pioneira Thompson Learning, 2003: 166.
 
[3]  CAMON, Valdemar; CHIATTONE, Heloísa; ET AL. E a psicologia entrou no hospital (...). São Paulo: Pioneira Thompson Learning, 2003: 163.
 
[4]  CAMON, Valdemar; CHIATTONE, Heloísa; ET AL. E a psicologia entrou no hospital (...). São Paulo: Pioneira Thompson Learning, 2003: 125.
 
[5]  BRÊTAS, José, OLIVEIRA, José. YAMAGUTI, Lie. Reflexões de estudantes de enfermagem sobre morte e o morrer. Revista Escola Enfermagem USP, vol. 40 nº 4, São Paulo, Dec. 2006, 477-783, (479). [online] Available: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0080-62342006000400005&script=sci_arttext [Accessed Jun, 15 2014]
 
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[6]  BRÊTAS, José, OLIVEIRA, José. YAMAGUTI, Lie. Reflexões de estudantes de enfermagem sobre morte e o morrer. Revista Escola Enfermagem USP, vol. 40 nº 4, São Paulo, Dec. 2006, 477-783. [online]. Available: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0080-62342006000400005&script=sci_arttext [Accessed Jun, 15 2014]
 
[7]  KLUBER-ROSS, Elisabeth. Sobre Morte e morrer: o que os doentes terminais têm para ensinar a médicos, enfermeiras, religiosos e aos seus próprios parentes. São Paulo: Editora WMF Martins Fontes, 2008.
 
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Article

Hysteria Today

1Psychoanalysis Department of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 21-24
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-6
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Claudia Livingston Ades. Hysteria Today. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):21-24. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-6.

Correspondence to: Claudia  Livingston Ades, Psychoanalysis Department of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Email: clauades@uol.com.br

Abstract

The aim of this article is to study female hysteria, through the eyes of freudian psychoanalytical theory and Piera Aulagnier´s contributions. A clinical case study, whose subject has presented female hysteria characteristics, will be presented and, through a theoretical-clinic articulation, it will be possible to compare how this neurosis used to present itself in the past, and how it does today.

Keywords

References

[1]  Aulagnier, Piera (1975); A violência da interpretação: do pictograma ao enunciado; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; 1985; p. 166.
 
[2]  Bollas, Christofer; Hysteria; Editora Escuta; São Paulo, Brasil; 2000; p. 68. 2000.
 
[3]  Freud, Sigmund (1905 [1901]); Fragmentos da análise de um caso de histeria, in: Edição standard brasileira das obras psicológicas completas de Sigmund Freud; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; 1987; Vol. VII, p. 30.
 
[4]  Freud, Sigmund (1921); Psicologia de grupo e a análise do ego; ESB vol. XVIII; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; p. 35, 133-135.
 
[5]  Freud, Sigmund (1931); Sexualidade feminina; ESB vol. XXI; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; p. 261, p. 272.
 
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[6]  Freud, Sigmund (1932/1933); Novas conferências introdutórias sobre psicanálise, Conferência XXXIII. Feminilidade; ESB vol. XXII; Editora Imago; p. 164.
 
[7]  Israel, Luciën; A histérica, o sexo e o médico, Editora Escuta, São Paulo, Brasil; 1985; p. 77.
 
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Article

“Tackling Trauma to Overcome OCD Resistance” (The TTOOR Florence trial) Efficacy of EMDR plus CBT versus CBT Alone for Inpatients with Resistant Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Protocol for a Randomized Comparative Outcome Trial

1Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy

2Miller Institute for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Genoa, Italy

3Unit for the Treatment of Resistant OCD, Poggio Sereno Clinic, Fiesole, Florence, Italy

4“Studi Cognitivi” Cognitive Psychotherapy and Research Center, Florence, Italy;“Studi Cognitivi” Postgraduate Program on Cognitive Psychotherapy, Florence, Italy

5“Studi Cognitivi” Cognitive Psychotherapy and Research Center, Florence, Italy

6“Studi Cognitivi” Postgraduate Program on Cognitive Psychotherapy, Florence, Italy

7Psychotraumatology Research Center, Milan, Italy

8Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Italy


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5), 114-122
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Andrea Pozza, Gian Paolo Mazzoni, Maria Tiziana Neri, Rossano Bisciglia, Carmelo La Mela, Isabel Fernandez, Davide Dèttore. “Tackling Trauma to Overcome OCD Resistance” (The TTOOR Florence trial) Efficacy of EMDR plus CBT versus CBT Alone for Inpatients with Resistant Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Protocol for a Randomized Comparative Outcome Trial. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5):114-122. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5-3.

Correspondence to: Andrea  Pozza, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy. Email: apsycho@hotmail.it

Abstract

Researchers and clinicians have recently highlighted the usefulness of integrating additional therapeutic approaches into standard intensive cognitive behavioural treatments (CBT) with the aim to improve clinical outcomes for patients with severe resistant OCD. To date, there is still a limited amount of knowledge on the effectiveness of third-wave CBT techniques for OCD, despite such techniques seemed to be effective for a wide range of mental disorders. The Eyes Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) is a treatment approach, based on the Adaptive Information Processing model, which conceptualizes psychological disorders as manifestations of unresolved traumatic or distressing memories. EMDR has been conceived as an integrative approach, aimed at facilitating resolution of memories, desensitizing stimuli that trigger present distress as a consequence of second-order conditioning, and incorporating adaptive attitudes and behaviours for better functioning. The present paper describes a research protocol for a randomized comparative outcome trial on inpatients with treatment-resistant OCD in a tertiary inpatient clinic in Italy. The study will aim to: (a) examine the effectiveness of EMDR with intensive brief CBT (EMDR+CBT) compared to intensive brief CBT alone on primary outcomes (OCD symptoms, obsessive beliefs, depression, and anxiety) at immediate post-treatment, one-, six-month-, and one-year-follow-up; (b) compare feasibility and acceptability of EMDR+CBT protocol versus intensive brief CBT alone (in terms of attrition and treatment satisfaction); (c) examine the effectiveness of EMDR+CBT versus intensive brief CBT alone on secondary outcomes (disgust propensity and sensitivity, emotion dysregulation, and dissociative experiences and symptoms). Inclusion/exclusion criteria of participants, outcomes, time scheduling, rationale, and therapeutic components of the treatments will be presented.

Keywords

References

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Article

Measuring Motives for Cultural Consumption: A Review of the Literature

1Department of Journalism and Mass Media Communication, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Maria Manolika, Alexandros Baltzis, Nikolaos Tsigilis. Measuring Motives for Cultural Consumption: A Review of the Literature. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-1.

Correspondence to: Maria  Manolika, Department of Journalism and Mass Media Communication, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Email: maria.manolika@yahoo.gr

Abstract

Motives are the driving force behind all human behaviors and act as an internal factor that arouses, directs and integrates a person’s activity. In the cultural consumption domain the crucial role of motivation in people’s behavior has not been examined thoroughly. The present study reviews the research findings regarding the scales using to identify the main motives for cultural consumption and explores the theories used to explain cultural consumer motivations. The nature of cultural studies is examined by comparing and analyzing a large scale literature review of 94 research articles published in the English language scholarly press. The conclusions of this paper serve as a reference guide to current cultural motivation research. It is recommended that a universal scale for measuring consumer motivation be created with the adoption of quantitative and qualitative instruments. Methodological limitations and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Keywords

References

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Article

Discoveries in physics Can Explain our Thoughts and acts

1A.V.Zirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch, Russian academy of science, Vladivostok, Russia


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 6-10
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Delik D. Gabaev. Discoveries in physics Can Explain our Thoughts and acts. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):6-10. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-2.

Correspondence to: Delik  D. Gabaev, A.V.Zirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch, Russian academy of science, Vladivostok, Russia. Email: gabaevdd11@outlook.com

Abstract

A good knowledge of mechanisms of operation of such a complex machine as human brain became urgently demanded for solving many problems in medicine and engineering. Nevertheless, modern metering instruments allow observing only blood flows and activation in certain regions of the brain, whereas the way in which thoughts and acts are formed in it remains a closely guarded secret. In the present article, I used the long-term psychological observation and members of my family, and also results of experiments with the metal conductors covered with various materials and including of bone glue, promoting decrease of resistance to an electric current. The received results allow using discoveries in physics to explain mechanisms of intuition and unconscious behavior; these findings can be probably applied for constructing of devices that would save many human lives. The level of modern engineering may facilitate and accelerate introduction of these appliances in everyday life.

Keywords

References

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Article

Risky Behaviors and Stress Indicators between Novice and Experienced Drivers

1DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety), INTRAS (Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

2Department of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 11-14
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Sergio Useche, Andrea Serge, Francisco Alonso. Risky Behaviors and Stress Indicators between Novice and Experienced Drivers. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):11-14. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-3.

Correspondence to: Francisco  Alonso, DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety), INTRAS (Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Email: francisco.alonso@uv.es

Abstract

Background: Road accidents are a serious public health problem and one of the leading causes of unnatural death. This study aimed to compare the incidence of physiological and representational indicators of stress and risky behaviors while driving, in a sample of drivers in an advanced stage of the learning process in driving schools, with respect to the indicators presented by a group of experienced drivers. Methods: It was used a sample of 120 drivers of Bogotá (Colombia), divided in two groups: drivers in learning process and drivers with one or more years of experience driving any vehicle, who answered to four self-report scales: Driving Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) including subscale for positive behaviors; Global Scale of Perceived Stress (EPGE); Driver Social Desirability Scale (DSDS) and a complementary questionnaire about physical symptoms of stress. Results: Comparative analysis showed that the drivers with more driving experience had more self-reported risky behaviors while driving, lapses, aggressive violations and violations of traffic regulations. Additionally, significant associations between measures of positive driving behaviors, social desirability and perceived stress were found, as well as stress indicators shows a positive and significant association with driving errors and violations. Conclusions: The protective role of driving experience seems to be relative regarding to risky and positive behaviors while driving, taking into account that some of the risk factors that have been evaluated have a higher prevalence among the most experienced drivers. It is appropriate to emphasize on the need to raise the inclusion of components directed to the promotion of mental health and recognition/coping with risk factors such as stress and risky behaviors in the programs designed for driver training.

Keywords

References

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Article

Gender Role Perception among the Awra Amba Community

1Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences and Languages, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 15-21
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-4
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Seid Ebrie. Gender Role Perception among the Awra Amba Community. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):15-21. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-4.

Correspondence to: Seid  Ebrie, Department of Psychology, College of Social Sciences and Languages, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia. Email: seayoo60@yahoo.com

Abstract

The objective of this study was to discover the influence of age and sex on gender role perception of the Awra Amba community. For this purpose, a total of 180 participants (from 403 total Awra Amba population), 60 from three age groups (children, adolescents and adults), 30 from two sex groups (male and female) were selected by using stratified random sampling method. Two different instruments (Personal Attribute Questionnaire and Social Role Questionnaire) were adapted and pilot tested. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, One-Way ANOVA and independent t-test were employed. In relation to the major findings, there is a statistically significant difference in gender role perception among the Awra Amba children, adolescents and adults. While children hold stereotypic and traditional gender role perception, adolescents and adults demonstrate androgynous and egalitarian gender role perception. Besides, egalitarian and non-traditional gender role perception increases with age in the Awra Amba community when one grows older from childhood to adolescence and adulthood. Finally, there was no statistically significant difference between the Awra Amba males and females in gender role perception. Both males’ and females’ gender role perception is androgynous and egalitarian or non-traditional.

Keywords

References

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Article

Comparison of Continuous Anxiety Level of Some Individual Fight Athletes

1Gazi University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Ankara, Turkey

2Marmara University, School of Physical Education and Sports, İstanbul, Turkey

3Kocaeli University, School of Physical Education and Sports, İzmit/Kocaeli, Turkey

4Mehmet Akif Ersoy, University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Burdur, Turkey


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 22-26
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-5
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ünsal Tazegül, Veysel Küçük, Gökhan Tuna, Mehmet Haşim Akgül. Comparison of Continuous Anxiety Level of Some Individual Fight Athletes. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):22-26. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-5.

Correspondence to: Ünsal  Tazegül, Gazi University, School of Physical Education and Sports, Ankara, Turkey. Email: unsaltazegul@hotmail.com

Abstract

Aim of this study is to specify and compare the continuous anxiety level of athletes dealing with sports branches such as boxing, weight lifting, kickboxing and wrestling. There are a lot of factors negatively affecting athletes' performance. One of them is high anxiety. As long as anxiety levels of athletes increase, they can not put in performance that they wish. In order to determine continuous anxiety status of athletes, continuous anxiety inventory was used by Spielberger and his friends (1970) who developed it. Samples of research was formed with 55 male boxer, 72 male wrestler, 56 male weight lifter, 61 male kickboxer who joined to Turkey Championship in 2012 and were chosen by random sample method. In data analysis, SPSS 15 package software was used and “Kolmogorov-Smirnov” test was used to determine whether datas had normal distribution, ''Anova-Homogenety of variance” test was used to determine homogeneity and it was determined that datas had homogeneous and normal distribution. In analysis of datas, descriptive statistics, one-way analysis of variance for determining difference between variables which was more than 2 and tukey test for determining relationship between variables were carried out. At the end of the study, it was specified that anxiety level of wrestlers are less than other athletes. In terms of branches, as a result of continuous anxiety scores comparing, wrestle and kickboxing, a significant difference was found between wrestling and weight lifting, wrestling and boxing statistically significant (p<0,05).

Keywords

References

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Article

Farewell to Fido: Pet Owners’ Commitment and Relinquishment of Companion Animals

1Department of Psychology, Marian University, Indianapolis, USA


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(2), 27-33
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-2-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Brian Collisson. Farewell to Fido: Pet Owners’ Commitment and Relinquishment of Companion Animals. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(2):27-33. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-2-1.

Correspondence to: Brian  Collisson, Department of Psychology, Marian University, Indianapolis, USA. Email: bcollisson@marian.edu

Abstract

The current research predicts commitment and relinquishment of companion animals by applying psychological theory on close relationships. In this novel application to pet owners in general (Study 1) and dog owners specifically (Study 2), commitment and relinquishment intentions were predicted to be a function of owner satisfaction, investment size, and quality of alternative animals. In both studies, pet owners reported their commitment to their animal, satisfaction, investment size, quality of alternative animals, as well as relinquishment intentions. Study 1 revealed that commitment was related to satisfaction and investment size, but not quality of alternative animals. Study 2 revealed that dog owners’ commitment and relinquishment intentions were related to satisfaction, investment size, and quality of alternatives. Implications for animal welfare are discussed.

Keywords

References

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Article

Perceived Causes of Mental Illness and Treatment Seeking Behaviors among People with Mental Health Problems in Gebremenfes Kidus Holy Water Site

1Psychology Department, College of Social Sciences and Languages, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(2), 34-42
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-2-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Kahsay Weldeslasie Hailemariam. Perceived Causes of Mental Illness and Treatment Seeking Behaviors among People with Mental Health Problems in Gebremenfes Kidus Holy Water Site. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(2):34-42. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-2-2.

Correspondence to: Kahsay  Weldeslasie Hailemariam, Psychology Department, College of Social Sciences and Languages, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia. Email: kasweld@gmail.com, kaspsyc@yahoo.com

Abstract

This study assesses the perceived causes of mental illnesses and treatment seeking behaviors among patients who attended the holy water sprinkling religious practice in the holy site of Gebremenfes Kidus holy water around Axum town. The data were collected from 25 participants who were sprinkled by the holy water at the time. A case study method was employed in order to collect detail and in-depth information from the target participants of the study. The researcher used available sampling method and collected the data using semi-structured interview from the patients and their caregivers. The participants were with full of insight about their health problems. Most patients in the holy water attributed the mental illness to different social evil practices and traditional beliefs as well as to the punishing hands of the God as a result of disobeying to the religious principles and social taboos. The treatment seeking preference of most patients was spiritual practices like, holy water sprinkling, praying and other traditional healing techniques such as herbal medicines with no dose limit and no scientific proof for the effectiveness of the medicine. Generally, participants had negative attitude towards the effectiveness of the modern medicine or professional help to the illness. A research conducted in Uganda revealed the same result. In some Ugandan communities, help is mostly sought from traditional healers initially, whereas western form of care is usually considered as a last resort. The factors found to influence help seeking behavior within the community include: beliefs about the causes of mental illness and the people’s lack of awareness about the scientific cause and treatment approaches to the illness [1].

Keywords

References

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