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American Journal of Applied Psychology

ISSN (Print): 2333-472X

ISSN (Online): 2333-4738

Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJAP

Article

Maternal Function in Neonatal ICU: Psychoanalytic Considerations on the Experience of Mothers in Hospitals

1Psychoanalyst. Master in Clinical Psychology - Center for Psychoanalytic - Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC / SP). Specialist in Psychoanalysis by IPUSP. Member of ABEBE - Brazilian Association of Studies on Baby. Member of MPASP - Psychoanalytic Movement, Autism an d Public Health.Department, São Paulo, Brazil

2PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and Paulista University – Santos – SP - Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 1-4
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-1
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Barreto Cristiane Palmeira de O., Nobre Thalita Lacerda. Maternal Function in Neonatal ICU: Psychoanalytic Considerations on the Experience of Mothers in Hospitals. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):1-4. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-1.

Correspondence to: Nobre  Thalita Lacerda, PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and Paulista University – Santos – SP - Brazil. Email: thalita_l@yahoo.com.br

Abstract

This article is part of the dissertation entitled " Mothering and Maternal Function in Neonatal ICU: a psychoanalytic study" and has the purpose of elucidating the relationship between motherhood and maternal function in the hospital environment. Therefore, the meaning of the two concepts is presented, as well as a distance is proposed between the two where mothering competes the incumbency of the necessary caretaking for survival and maternal function, the exercise of a symbolic function - which refers the subject to the size of their psychic constitution in its relation to the language field. The research was to determine whether the difficulty in the exercise of motherhood, within a neonatal intensive care unit, could interfere with the conditions for sustaining maternal function, usually exercised by the mother. The research that led to this dissertation and the work was carried out in a private hospital of São Paulo city, with mothers of both male and female babies, preterm neonates at the Neonatal ICU, and subsequently after discharge. The theoretical foundation is sustained on the psychoanalytic theory of Freud and Lacan, and also on the four theoretical axes formulated in Clinical Indicators of Risks in Infant Development (IRDI). In conclusion, this study reveals the presence of suffering caused by the psychic impact of a preterm child and the admission in the Neonatal ICU, as well as the difficulty in mothering the baby, from the speech of mothers. However, despite the psychic rapture, in the analysis of the symbolic function – based on the four fundamental operations, deduced by me from IRDI - it was possible to note the conditions for the maternal function to be carried out.

Keywords

References

[1]  BARRETO, C.P.O. Mothering and Maternal Role in NICU: A Psychoanalytic Study. 2011 203F. Dissertation in Clinical Psychology - Center for Psychoanalysis - Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 2011.
 
[2]  LAPLANCHE, J.; PONTALIS, JB The Language of Psycho-analysis. 10 Ed. Trad. Pedro Tamen. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1988, 356.
 
[3]  ZIMERMAN, D.E. Vocabulário Contemporâneo de Psicanálise. (Vocabulary of Contemporary Psychoanalysis) Porto Alegre: Artmed Ed., 2001. 263
 
[4]  LACAN, J. (1969-1970). The seminar. Book 17: The Other Side of Psychoanalysis. Brazilian version of Ari Roitman. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Editor, 1992, 105.
 
[5]  LACAN, J. (1969). Note on the child. In: Other writings. Translation. Vera Ribeiro. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Editor, 2003, 369.
 
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[6]  FREUD, S. (1914). On narcissism: an introduction. In: FREUD, S. Brazilian the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud Standard Edition. Translation. under the general direction of Jayme Solomon. Rio de Janeiro: Imago, 1974, 108, v. XIV.
 
[7]  ROUDINESCO, E.; PLON, M. Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. Trad. Vera and Lucy Ribeiro Magalhães. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Editor, 1998, 558-560.
 
[8]  JERUSALINSKY, A. N. Autism Psychoanalysis. Porto Alegre, Medical Arts, 1984, 12.
 
[9]  It is noteworthy that, after discharge, I visited two more times the mothers and their babies and conducted interviews with the intention of observing the mother-infant relationship and the conditions for the exercise of the maternal function could or could not be performed, taking into account that the established (or not) exchanges are revealing in those conditions.
 
[10]  Research funded by the Ministry of Health, the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq), by the Foundation for Research Support of the State of São Paulo (FAPESP) and conducted by IPUSP, with the researchers responsible: Maria Cristina Machado Kupfer, Sandra Josefina Grisi, Mario Eduardo Costa and Leandro Pereira of Lajonquière. In: Kupfer, M.C.M.; PINTO; F.S.C.M. (Eds.). Place of Life, twenty years later: exercise therapy education. São Paulo: Listening / FAPESP, 2010, 14.
 
[11]  Group of psychoanalysts coordinated by Prof. Dr. psychoanalysts. Kupfer Maria Cristina Machado, Institute of Psychology, University of São Paulo. In: LERNER, R, Kupfer, M.C.M. (Eds.). Psychoanalysis with children: clinical and research settings. São Paulo: Listening, 2008, 9.
 
[12]  SPITZ, A. R. (1965). The first year of life. Trad. Erothildes Millan Barros da Rocha. 2.ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1998.
 
[13]  BOWLBY, J. (1969). Attachment and loss: Attachment. Trad. Alvaro Cabral. 3 ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2002 v.1.
 
[14]  BRAZELTON, T. B. On Becoming a Family: The Growth of Attachment. Translation Dayse Batista. Porto Alegre: Medical Arts, 1988.
 
[15]  KLAUS, M.S.; KENELL JH Parent / Infant Bonding. Translation. Daise Baptist. Porto Alegre: Medical Arts, 1992.
 
[16]  DOLTO, F. (1994). Everything is language. Trad. Luciano Machado. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1999.
 
[17]  SZEJER, M. Words to be born: a psychoanalytic listening in motherhood. Translation Claudia Berliner. São Paulo: Casa do Psicólogo, 1999, 59.
 
[18]  FREUD, S. (1891). The interpretation of aphasia: a critical study. Translation. António Pinto Ribeiro. Marsilio Editora, 1977.
 
[19]  FREUD, S. (1895). Op. cit., 421-422.
 
[20]  Idem. (1905). Ibidem, 229-230.
 
[21]  The sexual term appears here with the sense that Freud attributes to sexuality, i.e. sexual drive or libido. Therefore, sexuality is taken in a broad sense, not limited to procreative purpose and neither the genital.
 
[22]  LACAN, J. (1957-1958). The Seminar. Book V: The formations of the unconscious. Trad. Vera Ribeiro. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Ed, 1999,195.
 
[23]  AULAGNIER, P. (1975). The violence of interpretation: from pictogram to statement. Trad. Maria Clara Pellegrino. Rio de Janeiro: Imago, 1979, 33.
 
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Article

Caring for Psychological Health in an Organizational Context

1Department of Psychology, Paulista University - UNIP, Santos, Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 5-8
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-2
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
G. M. S. Ortiz, J. B. L. Souza, S. C. A S. Santos. Caring for Psychological Health in an Organizational Context. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):5-8. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-2.

Correspondence to: J.  B. L. Souza, Department of Psychology, Paulista University - UNIP, Santos, Brazil. Email: psijaquedesouza@yahoo.com.br

Abstract

This article discusses an experience report on a lecture entitled "psychological aspects of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium and the importance of the father", performed by trainees of the Psychology course at Paulista University - UNIP (Campus Santos-Rangel) in a company of telemarketing in the city of Santos. Participated in the lecture 31 pregnant employees, with ages between 18 and 35 years, the majority were multiparous. This lecture aimed to provide for future mothers, a space of listening and acceptance; in addition to basics on pregnancy healthy and the initial care of the newborn. Through a slide presentation and "Wheel of Conversation", where it was developed a dynamic presentation, the pregnant women discussed aspects related to planning of pregnancy; changes experienced: physical, emotional, social and professional; the roles that the woman represents in your family cycle and social; expectations for the future; importance of medical monitoring previous and post-natal, for health of both mother and baby; and importance of the father. This lecture was also a work of psychoeducation, to know the demands of these pregnant women, to provide, initially, a job orientation and subsequently intervene with action strategies. It was identified some common concerns, among them: the anxiety against the various concomitant issues at the end of maternity leave; the changes in all fields of interpersonal relationships; expectations for the future and the need to postpone or change some of these plans, the support of her partners and the active participation of them in the process of gestation. The result brought the reflection about how the psychologist can intervene in order to provide a better quality of life within an institution, as well as offer opportunities for dialog and guidance to such women and the proposal of the return of the interns to the institution with the drawing up of a new project.

Keywords

References

[1]  Ancona-Lopez, M. A prática psicológica e as estratégias inovadoras. In: RAMOS, C.; SILVA, G. G.; SOUZA, S. (orgs). Práticas psicológicas em instituição: uma reflexão sobre os serviços-escola. São Paulo: Vetor; 2006, 450-460.
 
[2]  Bazon, M. R. Psico-educação: um projeto visando aumentar a eficiência das intervenções sociais junto às crianças e adolescentes em situação de risco psico-social em Ribeirão Preto - SP. Paidéia FFCLRP-USP, Rib. Preto, fev/ago 1997, 29-38.
 
[3]  Japur, M.; Borges, C. C. Sobre a (não) adesão ao tratamento: Ampliando sentidos do autocuidado. Texto e Contexto Enferm. Florianópolis, 2008, Jan-mar; 17 (1): 64-71.
 
[4]  Marin, A. H., Piccinini, C. A. Comportamentos e praticas educativas maternas em famílias de mães solteiras e famílias nucleares. Psicologia em estudo, v. 12, n.1, 13-22, jan./abril. 2007.
 
[5]  Piccinini, C. A. Silva, M. R.; Gonçalves, T. R.; Lopes, R. S. O envolvimento paterno durante a gestação. Psicologia: reflexão e critica, 2004, 17 (3), 303-314.
 
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[6]  Prado, A. B.; Piovanotti, M. R. A.; Vieira, M. L. Concepções de pais e mães sobre comportamento paterno real e ideal. Psicologia em estudo, v. 12, n.1, 41-50, jan./abril. 2007.
 
[7]  Ramos, C.; Carvalho, J. E. C. Uma proposta de trabalho com grupos e instituições. In: RAMOS, C.; SILVA, G. G.; SOUZA, S. (orgs). Práticas psicológicas em instituição: uma reflexão sobre os serviços-escola. São Paulo: Vetor; 2006, 450-460.
 
[8]  Ribas, A. F. P.; Moura, M. L. S. Responsividade materna e teoria do apego: uma discussão critica do papel de estudos transculturais. Psicologia: reflexão e crítica, 2004, 17 (3), 315-322.
 
[9]  Rodrigues, A. D.; Dallanora, C. R.; Rosa, J. Germani, A. R. M. Sala de espera: um ambiente para efetivar a educação em saúde. Vivências. v. 5, N.7: 101-106, Maio/2009.
 
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Article

Child Intervening Psychodiagnosis as a Facilitator Tool in the Relationship and Learning Difficulties

1Undergraduate Degree in Psychology from UNIP

2PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP-Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 9-13
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Assis Letícia Ferreira de, Rodrigues Meire Elen dos Santos, Nobre Thalita Lacerda. Child Intervening Psychodiagnosis as a Facilitator Tool in the Relationship and Learning Difficulties. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):9-13. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-3.

Correspondence to: Nobre  Thalita Lacerda, PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP-Brazil. Email: thalita_l@yahoo.com.br

Abstract

The Child Intervening Psychodiagnosis process is a scientific procedure, with limited duration, with purpose to understanding the dynamics of the patient and the family group. Although the area displays a vast bibliography, it was noticed a deficiency of research regarding the use of child intervening psychodiagnosis as facilitating tool in learning and relationship difficulties. There were 10 meetings, eight made in the school clinic, one school visit and one home visit, aiming at a better scope of the brought reports and a better understanding of the case. It was noticed during the consultations that S. had floating attention, and discrepancy in both communication and motor skills. In conclusion, there is a need for multidisciplinary care, however psychodiagnosis fulfill its role to clarify important points to the family and promote effective means of communication.

Keywords

References

[1]  ALMEIDA, C.H; CARVALHO, H.C. e PAIVA, W.C. Importância da educação física e da psicomotricidade na aprendizagem escolar. Pontilhão, volumeum, n1, Jan / Jul 2012-ISSN 2238-9482. [Online] Available from: http://nucleo.unipac.emnuvens.com.br/pontilhao/article/view/146. [Accessed Nov. 10, 2012].
 
[2]  ALMEIDA, M. M.; TAVARES, H. M. Síndrome de Williams e a intervenção da Psicomotricidade com auxílio na escolarização. Revista da Católica, Uberlândia, v. 2, n. 3, p. 334-347, 2010. [Online] Available from: http://catolicaonline.com.br/revistadacatolica2/artigosv2n3/24-Pos-Graduacao.pdf. [Accessed Oct. 26, 2012]
 
[3]  ALMEIDA, M. S. R. Manual Informativo Aos Pais Sobre O Paradigma Da Inclusão E Dúvidas Sobre Educação Especial. [Online] Available from: <http://www.pcd.pt/biblioteca/docs.php?id=284&id_doc=133&id_cat=4> [Accessed Oct. 20, 2012].
 
[4]  ARCOVERDE. Z.L.C. Prevenção dos Distúrbios da Fala. Uma Proposta de Orientação Fonoaudiológica. Monografia de conclusão do curso de especialização em Motricidade Oral. CEFAC-Centro de Especialização em Fonoaudiologia Clínica. ITAJAÍ, 2001. [Online] Available from: http://www.cefac.br/library/teses/1e2a5c0a9912cc1e1a886fd240bda659.pdf. [Accessed Oct. 11, 2012].
 
[5]  BOSSA, N.A. Dificuldades de aprendizagem: o que são? Como tratá-las? Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2007.
 
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[6]  FERRIOLLI, B. H. V. M. Associação entre as alterações de alimentação infantil e distúrbios de fala e linguagem. Rev. CEFAC, São Paulo, v. 12, n. 6, Dec. 2010 [Online] Available from <http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1516-18462010000600010&lng=en&nrm=iso>. [Accessed Sep. 30, 2012].
 
[7]  OCAMPO, M. L. et al. O processo psicodiagnóstico e as técnicas projetivas. 11. ed. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 2009.
 
[8]  PINTOR, N.A.M; LLERENA JR, J.C E COSTA, V.A. Educação e saúde: um diálogo necessário às políticas de atenção integral para pessoas com deficiência. Rev. Educ. Espec., Santa Maria, v. 25, n. 43, p. 203-216, maio/ago. 2012. [Online] Available from: http://www.ufsm.br/revistaeducacaoespecial [Accessed Jul. 28, 2014].
 
[9]  ROSSI, F. S. Considerações sobre a Psicomotricidade na Educação Infantil. Revista Vozes dos Vales da UFVJM: Publicações Acadêmicas-MG-Brasil-Nº 01-Ano I-05/2012 Reg.: 120.2.095-2011-PROEXC/UFVJM-www.ufvjm.edu.br/vozes. [Online] Available from: <http://www.ufvjm.edu.br/site/revistamultidisciplinar/files/2011/09/Considera%C3%A7%C3%B5es-sobre-a-Psicomotricidade-na-Educa%C3%A7%C3%A3o-Infantil.pdf> [Accessed on Oct. 20, 2012].
 
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Article

Therapeutic Assessment in Infancy

1University Paulista – UNIP Santos, Brazil

2Md in Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of Campinas (PUCCAMP). Professor and supervisor at University Paulista – UNIP, Brazil

3PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP-Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 14-16
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-4
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
MOITA Ivani de Sousa, FREITAS Francisca Clenilma da Rocha, HEREDIA Priscila Menezes Santana, SHIOTA Claudia Milhim, NOBRE Thalita Lacerda. Therapeutic Assessment in Infancy. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):14-16. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-4.

Correspondence to: NOBRE  Thalita Lacerda, PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP-Brazil. Email: thalita_l@yahoo.com.br

Abstract

The Interventive Psychodiagnostic has revealed a practice that effectively embraces the contemporary demands of clinical psychology. Aiming to contribute to the recent research on this practice, this study presents the case report of a child being treated in a University’s Teaching Clinic. It is about a girl, eleven years old, who had high cholesterol difficult to stabilize. The genitor believed that this medical condition could be related to 'emotional factors' because her daughter had introversion, sadness and low self-esteem. 14 meetings including recreational and interventional individual observations and group sessions were conducted; sessions involving her mother and sister; school visit; personality assessment and guidance with the mother, since the father did not attend requests for interviews with the trainees. Interventions had a goal assist children and their families in finding new meanings for that medical condition, to enable the development of more effective behaviors of treatment adherence. Also, these interventions aims to enable changes in the way they deal with the limitations imposed by emotional disorders. At the end of the process therapeutic gains were observed towards decreased anxiety and distress by both the child and the mother facilitating adherence and better control of medical condition. It is concluded that the results showed the effectiveness of the use of Therapeutic Assessment in clinical psychology with children.

Keywords

References

[1]  ANASTASI, A.; URBINA, S. Testagem Psicológica. 7 ed. Porto Alegre: Artes Médicas, 2000.
 
[2]  CUNHA, Jurema Alcides. Psicodiagnóstico -V. 5 ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2000.
 
[3]  EFRON, A. M. et al. A hora do jogo diagnóstica. In: OCAMPO, M. L. S. e outros. O processo psicodiagnóstico e as técnicas projetivas. São Paulo: Martins Fontes, 1986.
 
[4]  MILNER, M. (1991). Alguns aspectos da fantasia em relação à psicologia geral. In: A loucura suprimida do homem são. Rio de Janeiro: Imago.
 
[5]  PAPALIA, D. E; OLDS, S. W; FELDMAN, R. D. Desenvolvimento humano. 8 ed. Porto Alegre: Artmed, 2006.
 
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[6]  T. Eckes, The Developmental Social Psychology of Gender, Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000. [E-book] Available: netLibrary e-book.
 
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Article

Families Facing Hospitalization

1University Paulista – UNIP, Santos/SP, Brazil

2PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP – Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 17-20
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-5
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ribeiro Thayana Aparecida de Oliveira, Nobre Thalita Lacerda. Families Facing Hospitalization. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):17-20. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-5.

Correspondence to: Nobre  Thalita Lacerda, PhD Clinical Psychology – Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC/SP). Professor and supervisor at Catholic University of Santos – SP – Brazil and University Paulista – Santos – SP – Brazil. Email: thalitaln@gmail.com.br

Abstract

This study aims to understand the relationship between the triad: patient-family-staff during the disease process and hospitalization. In view of this, to make the study of a fragment, we used the service provided to a patient on the ward: Clínica Médica II do Hospital Guilherme Álvaro, located in Santos / SP, o Programa de Aprimoramento Profissional. The choice of the topic was given from the difficulty in dialogue between the demands brought by patients and their families by posing as challenge of the important task of facilitating the relationship patient-family-staff, as providing a space for the emotions triggered in this process of struggling for life and give it the freedom of expression and come to be expressed and accepted. From a definition that considers family - closed system of interdependent relationships - is exposed in this work a brief introduction of the concept of family in order to describe the reactions of families most frequently observed in cases of hospitalization. The family can to get to act in pursuit of effective patient recovering, reintegrating them in the family system, paralyzing on the verge of death or diagnosis of the family, and even identifying benefits posed by the disease and mobilizing itself to keep it. Throughout the article are also explored phases faced by family - analogous to the stages experienced by the patient, the range of feelings and emotions that permeate the relations established in this context, to forms of communication and the suffering imposed denouncing through words, gestures, conflicts, silences implicated in the hospitalization process.

Keywords

References

[1]  CAMON, Valdemar; CHIATTONE, Heloísa; ET AL. E a psicologia entrou no hospital (...). São Paulo: Pioneira Thompson Learning, 2003.
 
[2]  CAMON, Valdemar; CHIATTONE, Heloísa; ET AL. E a psicologia entrou no hospital (...). São Paulo: Pioneira Thompson Learning, 2003: 166.
 
[3]  CAMON, Valdemar; CHIATTONE, Heloísa; ET AL. E a psicologia entrou no hospital (...). São Paulo: Pioneira Thompson Learning, 2003: 163.
 
[4]  CAMON, Valdemar; CHIATTONE, Heloísa; ET AL. E a psicologia entrou no hospital (...). São Paulo: Pioneira Thompson Learning, 2003: 125.
 
[5]  BRÊTAS, José, OLIVEIRA, José. YAMAGUTI, Lie. Reflexões de estudantes de enfermagem sobre morte e o morrer. Revista Escola Enfermagem USP, vol. 40 nº 4, São Paulo, Dec. 2006, 477-783, (479). [online] Available: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0080-62342006000400005&script=sci_arttext [Accessed Jun, 15 2014]
 
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[6]  BRÊTAS, José, OLIVEIRA, José. YAMAGUTI, Lie. Reflexões de estudantes de enfermagem sobre morte e o morrer. Revista Escola Enfermagem USP, vol. 40 nº 4, São Paulo, Dec. 2006, 477-783. [online]. Available: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0080-62342006000400005&script=sci_arttext [Accessed Jun, 15 2014]
 
[7]  KLUBER-ROSS, Elisabeth. Sobre Morte e morrer: o que os doentes terminais têm para ensinar a médicos, enfermeiras, religiosos e aos seus próprios parentes. São Paulo: Editora WMF Martins Fontes, 2008.
 
[8]  VOLLES, Camila. BUSSOLETTO, Greici, RODACOSK, Giseli. Conspiração do silêncio no ambiente hospitalar: quando o não falar faz barulho. Revista SBPH vol.15 nº 1. Rio de Janeiro, Jun. 2012, 212-231 [online]. Available: http://pepsic.bvsalud.org/scielo.php?pid=S1516-08582012000100012&script=sci_arttext. [Accessed May. 6, 2014].
 
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Article

Hysteria Today

1Psychoanalysis Department of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5A), 21-24
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-6
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Claudia Livingston Ades. Hysteria Today. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5A):21-24. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5A-6.

Correspondence to: Claudia  Livingston Ades, Psychoanalysis Department of Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Email: clauades@uol.com.br

Abstract

The aim of this article is to study female hysteria, through the eyes of freudian psychoanalytical theory and Piera Aulagnier´s contributions. A clinical case study, whose subject has presented female hysteria characteristics, will be presented and, through a theoretical-clinic articulation, it will be possible to compare how this neurosis used to present itself in the past, and how it does today.

Keywords

References

[1]  Aulagnier, Piera (1975); A violência da interpretação: do pictograma ao enunciado; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; 1985; p. 166.
 
[2]  Bollas, Christofer; Hysteria; Editora Escuta; São Paulo, Brasil; 2000; p. 68. 2000.
 
[3]  Freud, Sigmund (1905 [1901]); Fragmentos da análise de um caso de histeria, in: Edição standard brasileira das obras psicológicas completas de Sigmund Freud; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; 1987; Vol. VII, p. 30.
 
[4]  Freud, Sigmund (1921); Psicologia de grupo e a análise do ego; ESB vol. XVIII; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; p. 35, 133-135.
 
[5]  Freud, Sigmund (1931); Sexualidade feminina; ESB vol. XXI; Editora Imago; Rio de Janeiro, Brasil; p. 261, p. 272.
 
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[6]  Freud, Sigmund (1932/1933); Novas conferências introdutórias sobre psicanálise, Conferência XXXIII. Feminilidade; ESB vol. XXII; Editora Imago; p. 164.
 
[7]  Israel, Luciën; A histérica, o sexo e o médico, Editora Escuta, São Paulo, Brasil; 1985; p. 77.
 
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Article

“Tackling Trauma to Overcome OCD Resistance” (The TTOOR Florence trial) Efficacy of EMDR plus CBT versus CBT Alone for Inpatients with Resistant Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Protocol for a Randomized Comparative Outcome Trial

1Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy

2Miller Institute for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Genoa, Italy

3Unit for the Treatment of Resistant OCD, Poggio Sereno Clinic, Fiesole, Florence, Italy

4“Studi Cognitivi” Cognitive Psychotherapy and Research Center, Florence, Italy;“Studi Cognitivi” Postgraduate Program on Cognitive Psychotherapy, Florence, Italy

5“Studi Cognitivi” Cognitive Psychotherapy and Research Center, Florence, Italy

6“Studi Cognitivi” Postgraduate Program on Cognitive Psychotherapy, Florence, Italy

7Psychotraumatology Research Center, Milan, Italy

8Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Italy


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014, 2(5), 114-122
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-2-5-3
Copyright © 2014 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Andrea Pozza, Gian Paolo Mazzoni, Maria Tiziana Neri, Rossano Bisciglia, Carmelo La Mela, Isabel Fernandez, Davide Dèttore. “Tackling Trauma to Overcome OCD Resistance” (The TTOOR Florence trial) Efficacy of EMDR plus CBT versus CBT Alone for Inpatients with Resistant Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Protocol for a Randomized Comparative Outcome Trial. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2014; 2(5):114-122. doi: 10.12691/ajap-2-5-3.

Correspondence to: Andrea  Pozza, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, Italy. Email: apsycho@hotmail.it

Abstract

Researchers and clinicians have recently highlighted the usefulness of integrating additional therapeutic approaches into standard intensive cognitive behavioural treatments (CBT) with the aim to improve clinical outcomes for patients with severe resistant OCD. To date, there is still a limited amount of knowledge on the effectiveness of third-wave CBT techniques for OCD, despite such techniques seemed to be effective for a wide range of mental disorders. The Eyes Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) is a treatment approach, based on the Adaptive Information Processing model, which conceptualizes psychological disorders as manifestations of unresolved traumatic or distressing memories. EMDR has been conceived as an integrative approach, aimed at facilitating resolution of memories, desensitizing stimuli that trigger present distress as a consequence of second-order conditioning, and incorporating adaptive attitudes and behaviours for better functioning. The present paper describes a research protocol for a randomized comparative outcome trial on inpatients with treatment-resistant OCD in a tertiary inpatient clinic in Italy. The study will aim to: (a) examine the effectiveness of EMDR with intensive brief CBT (EMDR+CBT) compared to intensive brief CBT alone on primary outcomes (OCD symptoms, obsessive beliefs, depression, and anxiety) at immediate post-treatment, one-, six-month-, and one-year-follow-up; (b) compare feasibility and acceptability of EMDR+CBT protocol versus intensive brief CBT alone (in terms of attrition and treatment satisfaction); (c) examine the effectiveness of EMDR+CBT versus intensive brief CBT alone on secondary outcomes (disgust propensity and sensitivity, emotion dysregulation, and dissociative experiences and symptoms). Inclusion/exclusion criteria of participants, outcomes, time scheduling, rationale, and therapeutic components of the treatments will be presented.

Keywords

References

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Article

Measuring Motives for Cultural Consumption: A Review of the Literature

1Department of Journalism and Mass Media Communication, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 1-5
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-1
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Maria Manolika, Alexandros Baltzis, Nikolaos Tsigilis. Measuring Motives for Cultural Consumption: A Review of the Literature. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):1-5. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-1.

Correspondence to: Maria  Manolika, Department of Journalism and Mass Media Communication, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece. Email: maria.manolika@yahoo.gr

Abstract

Motives are the driving force behind all human behaviors and act as an internal factor that arouses, directs and integrates a person’s activity. In the cultural consumption domain the crucial role of motivation in people’s behavior has not been examined thoroughly. The present study reviews the research findings regarding the scales using to identify the main motives for cultural consumption and explores the theories used to explain cultural consumer motivations. The nature of cultural studies is examined by comparing and analyzing a large scale literature review of 94 research articles published in the English language scholarly press. The conclusions of this paper serve as a reference guide to current cultural motivation research. It is recommended that a universal scale for measuring consumer motivation be created with the adoption of quantitative and qualitative instruments. Methodological limitations and recommendations for future research are discussed.

Keywords

References

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Article

Discoveries in physics Can Explain our Thoughts and acts

1A.V.Zirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch, Russian academy of science, Vladivostok, Russia


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 6-10
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Delik D. Gabaev. Discoveries in physics Can Explain our Thoughts and acts. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):6-10. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-2.

Correspondence to: Delik  D. Gabaev, A.V.Zirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, Far Eastern Branch, Russian academy of science, Vladivostok, Russia. Email: gabaevdd11@outlook.com

Abstract

A good knowledge of mechanisms of operation of such a complex machine as human brain became urgently demanded for solving many problems in medicine and engineering. Nevertheless, modern metering instruments allow observing only blood flows and activation in certain regions of the brain, whereas the way in which thoughts and acts are formed in it remains a closely guarded secret. In the present article, I used the long-term psychological observation and members of my family, and also results of experiments with the metal conductors covered with various materials and including of bone glue, promoting decrease of resistance to an electric current. The received results allow using discoveries in physics to explain mechanisms of intuition and unconscious behavior; these findings can be probably applied for constructing of devices that would save many human lives. The level of modern engineering may facilitate and accelerate introduction of these appliances in everyday life.

Keywords

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Article

Risky Behaviors and Stress Indicators between Novice and Experienced Drivers

1DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety), INTRAS (Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

2Department of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(1), 11-14
DOI: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Sergio Useche, Andrea Serge, Francisco Alonso. Risky Behaviors and Stress Indicators between Novice and Experienced Drivers. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(1):11-14. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-1-3.

Correspondence to: Francisco  Alonso, DATS (Development and Advising in Traffic Safety), INTRAS (Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain. Email: francisco.alonso@uv.es

Abstract

Background: Road accidents are a serious public health problem and one of the leading causes of unnatural death. This study aimed to compare the incidence of physiological and representational indicators of stress and risky behaviors while driving, in a sample of drivers in an advanced stage of the learning process in driving schools, with respect to the indicators presented by a group of experienced drivers. Methods: It was used a sample of 120 drivers of Bogotá (Colombia), divided in two groups: drivers in learning process and drivers with one or more years of experience driving any vehicle, who answered to four self-report scales: Driving Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) including subscale for positive behaviors; Global Scale of Perceived Stress (EPGE); Driver Social Desirability Scale (DSDS) and a complementary questionnaire about physical symptoms of stress. Results: Comparative analysis showed that the drivers with more driving experience had more self-reported risky behaviors while driving, lapses, aggressive violations and violations of traffic regulations. Additionally, significant associations between measures of positive driving behaviors, social desirability and perceived stress were found, as well as stress indicators shows a positive and significant association with driving errors and violations. Conclusions: The protective role of driving experience seems to be relative regarding to risky and positive behaviors while driving, taking into account that some of the risk factors that have been evaluated have a higher prevalence among the most experienced drivers. It is appropriate to emphasize on the need to raise the inclusion of components directed to the promotion of mental health and recognition/coping with risk factors such as stress and risky behaviors in the programs designed for driver training.

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References

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