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American Journal of Applied Psychology

ISSN (Print): 2333-472X

ISSN (Online): 2333-4738

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Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJAP

   

Article

Construction & Validation of Main Psychological Needs Scale

1Educational Psychology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017, 5(1), 7-11
doi: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-2
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Karim Sevari. Construction & Validation of Main Psychological Needs Scale. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017; 5(1):7-11. doi: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-2.

Correspondence to: Karim  Sevari, Educational Psychology, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran. Email: K_Sevari@pnu.ac.ir

Abstract

In the current study, we investigated Construction & the psychometric properties of main psychological needs scale in Azad University students of Ahwaz in Iran. A sample of 200 adolescents, both males (n=100) and females (n=100) was selected from different Sector of University of Ahwaz Azad, Iran. The age of the sample ranged from 24 to 29 years, with a mean age of 23.69 years (Sd=1.14) for the total sample. We estimated the internal consistency reliability of the main psychological needs using cronbach's alpha. Results (by factors analysis) indicated that main psychological needs inventory combinated three factors as autonomy, competence & relatedness. We obtained cronbach's alpha of total factors 0.78, for autonomy 0.73, for competence 0.70 & for relatedness 0.70. Using confirmatory factor analysis showed hierarchical models were relatively satisfactory, and the three factor model had the best fit to the data. The Persian version of the instrument appeared to be a good measure for main psychological needs in Iran students.

Keywords

References

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Article

From Perceived Similarity of Ideals to Relationship Satisfaction: A Path Analysis Using Dyadic Data

1Psychologist, Special School ¡°C. Paunescu¡±, Iasi, Romania

2Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Medicine and Pharmacy ¡°Gr.T.Popa¡±, Iasi, Romania

3Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education, University ¡°Al.I.Cuza¡±, Iasi, Romania


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017, 5(1), 12-17
doi: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-3
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Iulia-Diana Muraru, Magdalena Iorga, Nicoleta Turliuc. From Perceived Similarity of Ideals to Relationship Satisfaction: A Path Analysis Using Dyadic Data. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017; 5(1):12-17. doi: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-3.

Correspondence to: Iulia-Diana  Muraru, Psychologist, Special School ¡°C. Paunescu¡±, Iasi, Romania. Email: magdaiorga@yahoo.com

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study is to develop, using the ideal standards model (with its five dimensions: warmth-trustworthiness, vitality-attractiveness, status-resources, intimacy-loyalty and passion) and dyadic data analysis, a complex model assessing the relationship between perceived ideal similarity and relationship satisfaction. Material and Methods: Couples completed measures about perceived ideal similarity, communication about ideals, importance of ideals, perception of the current partner/relationship, coping strategies used when the partner/relationship is less than ideal and relationship satisfaction. Results: The fit indices for the proposed models are very good (GFI > .90, AGFI > .90, CFI > .90, RMSEA < .08, NFI > .90, CFI>.90) with the exception of status-resources dimension. As a result, it was eliminated from the analysis. Perceived similarity of ideals led to own (warmth-trustworthiness, vitality-attractiveness, and passion) and partner (intimacy-loyalty) communication about those ideals. More communication about ideals led to own (warmth-trustworthiness, vitality-attractiveness, intimacy-loyalty) and partner (warmth-trustworthiness, passion) increased real-ideal discrepancy scores. These, in turn, motivated own (warmth-trustworthiness, vitality-attractiveness, intimacy-loyalty, passion) and partner (intimacy-loyalty) use of coping strategies to manage the discrepancies between actual and ideal partner/relationship. The use of coping strategies led to higher rate regarding own (warmth-trustworthiness, vitality-attractiveness, intimacy-loyalty, passion) and partner (intimacy-loyalty, passion) relationship satisfaction. Conclusions: Given the importance that ideal standards play in relationship/partner evaluation, it could be helpful to shed light on the processes that have an impact on relationships improving/deteriorating over time. Thus, the impact of perceived ideal similarity on marital satisfaction could be of particular interest.

Keywords

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Article

Association between Psychological Wellbeing and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in North-Central, Nigeria

1Department of Psychology Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017, 5(1), 18-24
doi: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-4
Copyright © 2017 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Modupe Oladunni Taiwo, Funmi-Togonu Bickersteth. Association between Psychological Wellbeing and Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence in North-Central, Nigeria. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2017; 5(1):18-24. doi: 10.12691/ajap-5-1-4.

Correspondence to: Modupe  Oladunni Taiwo, Department of Psychology Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Email: oladunnitaiwo@gmail.com

Abstract

Psychological wellbeing of antiretroviral patients in Nigeria is under researched despite being a critical success factor in ART adherence. Using a sample of antiretroviral therapy patients (n=641) from six clinics in North central Nigeria in a cross sectional mixed method approach, we examined the domain of psychological wellbeing that is associated with ART adherence. ART adherence was 88%. Environmental mastery (84.4%), Autonomy (73.2%) and Self-acceptance (65.4%) were associated with higher ART adherence. Among sociodemographic characteristics, only states of residence (X2 = 26.0841, p<.05) was significant. Cognitive behavioural therapy by a skilled psychologist is crucial for empowering ART patients to maintain optimal ART adherence.

Keywords

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