Welcome to American Journal of Applied Psychology

American Journal of Applied Psychology is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that provides rapid publication of articles in all areas of applied psychology. The goal of this journal is to provide a platform for scientists and academicians all over the world to promote, share, and discuss various new issues and developments in different areas of applied psychology.

ISSN (Print): 2333-472X

ISSN (Online): 2333-4738

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Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/AJAP

   

Article

The Attitudes of the Police towards Persons with Mental Illness: A Cross-sectional Study from Benin City, Nigeria

1Department of Clinical Services, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Uselu, Benin City, Nigeria

2Medicals, Nigeria Police, Benin City, Nigeria


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(3), 57-61
doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-3-2
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Joyce O Omoaregba, Bawo O James, Nosa G Igbinowanhia, Wilson O Akhiwu. The Attitudes of the Police towards Persons with Mental Illness: A Cross-sectional Study from Benin City, Nigeria. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(3):57-61. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-3-2.

Correspondence to: Joyce  O Omoaregba, Department of Clinical Services, Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospital, Uselu, Benin City, Nigeria. Email: jomoaregba@yahoo.com

Abstract

In developing countries, the police are often required to intervene in matters relating to the mentally ill. They also constitute an important point in pathways to care. Negative attitudes towards the mentally ill limit the effectiveness of the police in facilitating care. This study sought to determine the attitudes of police officers and men towards individuals with mental illness as a way of guiding the development of appropriate anti-stigma interventions. A cross sectional study of police officers and men (n=219) was undertaken between July and August 2012 in Benin- City, Nigeria, using the self-administered Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness (CAMI) questionnaire. Negative attitudes were prevalent among the police surveyed. They were authoritarian and less benevolent in their views regarding mental illness and the mentally ill. They were also majorly against ideas to incorporate mental health care in the community. Married policemen and those with greater than 12 years of formal education were found to be more benevolent in their attitudes towards the mentally ill. Clearly, anti-stigma campaigns involving educational sessions are needed in the Police force.

Keywords

References

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Article

The Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Body Appreciation Scale

1Department of psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(3), 62-66
doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-3-3
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Mohammad Atari, Saeed Akbari-Zardkhaneh, Leila Mohammadi, Mehrnoosh Soufiabadi. The Factor Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Body Appreciation Scale. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(3):62-66. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-3-3.

Correspondence to: Mohammad  Atari, Department of psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. Email: Atari@ut.ac.ir

Abstract

Previous research has shown that the factor structure of Body Appreciation Scale (BAS) may be different across different cultures. The present study examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of Body Appreciation Scale in a sample of 206 Iranian women. Item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, parallel analysis, and correlational analysis were conducted to evaluate the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the instrument. Exploratory factor analysis suggested a three-factor solution; however, parallel analysis and scree plot suggested a two-factor structure. The two-factor solution had a supporting body of literature in non-Western populations and could be conceptually explained. The internal consistency of the scale was very high (alpha=0.94). Concurrent validity of the scale was assessed by correlational analysis of the related constructs. BAS was significantly correlated with the related variables. Suggestions for future research on the factor structure of the scale are discussed.

Keywords

References

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[5]  Swami, V., Stieger, S., Haubner, T., & Voracek, M. “German translation and psychometric evaluation of the Body Appreciation Scale”. Body Image, 5, 122-127. 2008.
 
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[6]  Lobera, I. J., & Ríos, P. B. “Spanish version of the Body Appreciation Scale (BAS) for adolescents”. The Spanish journal of psychology, 14(1), 411-420. 2011.
 
[7]  Swami, V. “Body appreciation, media influence, and weight status predict consideration of cosmetic surgery among female undergraduates”. Body Image, 6, 315-317. 2009.
 
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[18]  Naraghi, M. & Atari, M. “Interest in aesthetic rhinoplasty: scale development and validation”. Unpublished research report; Rhinology Research Society. 2015.
 
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Article

Research Achievement Motivation of Managers and Students

1Kiev National University named after T. Shevchenko, Kiev, Ukraine

2Kazakh National Pedagogical University named after Abay, Almaty, Kazakhstan


American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015, 3(3), 67-70
doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-3-4
Copyright © 2015 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Leonid Burlachuk, Nadezhda Zhiyenbayeva, Olga Tapalova. Research Achievement Motivation of Managers and Students. American Journal of Applied Psychology. 2015; 3(3):67-70. doi: 10.12691/ajap-3-3-4.

Correspondence to: Olga  Tapalova, Kiev National University named after T. Shevchenko, Kiev, Ukraine. Email: olya.mag@mail.ru

Abstract

This article presents the results of empirical studies of the interrelation of basic constructs: the need for achievement and achievement motivation. The research, described in this article, was focused at a comparative study of mentioned constructs at groups of managers and students. The study was conducted with the help of the following psycho-diagnostic methods: test of achievement motivation study by A. Mehrabian; test “Need for achievements” by Yu. M. Orlov; self-report inventory “Big Five” by P. Howard, P. Medina and J. Howard. Obtained results indicate positive relationship between the need for achievement and achievement motivation among studied groups of managers and students.

Keywords

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