World Journal of Agricultural Research

ISSN (Print): 2333-0643

ISSN (Online): 2333-0678

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Integrated Application of Mineral Nitrogen and Cattle Manure to Improve Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Grain Yield of Maize

1National Agriculture Research Institute (NARI), Serekunda, The Gambia

2Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(5), 147-152
doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-5-4
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Lamin B Sonko, Joseph Sarkodie-Addo, Vincent Logah. Integrated Application of Mineral Nitrogen and Cattle Manure to Improve Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Grain Yield of Maize. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(5):147-152. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-5-4.

Correspondence to: Lamin  B Sonko, National Agriculture Research Institute (NARI), Serekunda, The Gambia. Email:


Field experiments were conducted at the Plantation Crops Section of Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ghana in 2014 major and minor seasons to study the effect of combining mineral nitrogen at different application times with cattle manure on nitrogen use efficiency and grain yield of maize. The experiments were factorial in randomized complete block design with four replications. The factors were cattle manure at the rates of 0, 2, 4 and 6 tons/ha; and nitrogen application times as follows: 50% N at 2 weeks after planting and 50% at 4 WAP (NT1), 50% N at 2 WAP and 50% at 6 WAP (NT2), 50% N at 2 WAP and 50% at 8 WAP (NT3) and a control (0 kg N/ha). Results showed that NT2 application increased the nitrogen use efficiency in major and minor seasons more than other application times. The nitrogen use efficiency increased with increase in manure rate, but at a diminishing return. Grain yield was also higher at NT2 and also increased with increase in manure rate. Application of mineral nitrogen at NT2 along with 6 tons/ha cattle manure rate was, therefore, considered best combination for increasing yield of maize in the country.



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Yield and Yield Components of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as Influenced by Supplemental Irrigation under Semi-arid Region of Tunisia

1Regional Research Development Office of Agriculture in Semi Arid North West of Kef, Tunisia

2Field Crop’s Laboratory, National Institute for Agricultural Research of Tunisia, Ariana, Tunisia

3Biodiversity, Climate Change and Biotechnology’s Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, Tunis El Manar University, Tunisia

41Regional Research Development Office of Agriculture in Semi Arid North West of Kef, Tunisia

World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(5), 153-157
doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-5-5
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ouji A., El-Bok S., Mouelhi M., Ben Younes M., Kharrat M.. Yield and Yield Components of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as Influenced by Supplemental Irrigation under Semi-arid Region of Tunisia. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(5):153-157. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-5-5.

Correspondence to: Ouji  A., Regional Research Development Office of Agriculture in Semi Arid North West of Kef, Tunisia. Email:


A field experiment was conducted at the research station of Higher Agriculture School of Kef located in a semi-arid region of to study the effect of supplemental irrigation on yield and yield components of four Tunisian chickpea genotypes (Béja 1, Bouchra, Neyer and Kasseb). Two supplemental irrigations were applied at the flowering and pod formation stages. Results showed a significant effect of supplemental irrigation on biological yield (BY/P), seed number per plant (SN/P), grain yield per plant (GY/P), 100-seed weight (100 SW), grain yield per m2 (GY/m2), harvest index (HI) and number of days to maturity (NDM). Grain yields under supplemental irrigation varied from 62.3 to 140.4 g/m2, and varied from 28.1 to 94.3 g/ m2 under the drought condition. The average 100-seeds weight reduction due to drought condition was 19.3 %. Results showed also that under rainfed condition, Bouchra and Nayer genotypes required minimum number of days to maturity (145.7 and 144.7 respectively). Drought susceptibility index (DSI) values for grain yield ranged from 0.67 to 1.39. Nayer was relatively drought resistant (DSI values <1). This genotypes proved high yielding and drought tolerant and can be incorporated in stress breeding programme for the development of drought tolerant chickpea varieties.



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Comparison of Phytochemicals Antioxidant Activity and Essential Oil Content of Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. (Myrtaceae) with Four Selected Spice Crop Species

1Department of Plantation Management, Faculty of Agriculture and Plantation Management, Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Makandura, Gonawila (NWP), Sri Lanka.

2Industrial Technology Institute, Bauddhaloka Mawatha, Colombo 07, Sri Lanka

World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(6), 158-161
doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-6-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
E.J.S. De Soysa, D.C. Abeysinghe, R.M. Dharmadasa. Comparison of Phytochemicals Antioxidant Activity and Essential Oil Content of Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. (Myrtaceae) with Four Selected Spice Crop Species. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(6):158-161. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-6-1.

Correspondence to: R.M.  Dharmadasa, Industrial Technology Institute, Bauddhaloka Mawatha, Colombo 07, Sri Lanka. Email:


Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr. (Myrtaceae) (Eng.Allspice) is an industrially and therapeutically important, evergreen aromatic spice plant widely used in food, perfumery and cosmetic industries around the globe. Allspice, which tastes like a blend of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume, Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton, Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. &L.M.Perry and Myristica fragrans Houtt. is a common flavoring compound in Asian, Middle Eastern and Jamaican cuisines. However, comparative essential oil content, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total phenolic content (TPC) of these similar taste spices is scattered. Therefore, the present study compares the qualitative phytochemical contents, essential oil contents, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and total phenolic content (TPC) of C. zeylanicum, E. cardamomum, S. aromaticum and Myristica fragrans Houtt. with leaf extracts of Pimenta dioica using previously published protocols. Results revealed that all tested phytochemicals namely alkaloids, flavanoids, saponins, steroid glycosides and tannins are present in all selected spice species compared. The highest essential oil content was reported from clove buds followed by nutmeg mace, nutmeg seed, cardamom, allspice and cinnamon respectively. Leaf extracts of P. dioica exhibited significantly higher total antioxidant capacity (344.9 ± 4.2 mg TE/g DW) and total phenolic content (134.3 ± 7.6 mg GAE/g DW) compared to selected spices except clove. Presence of all tested phytochemicals, comparable amounts of essential oils, greater amount of total antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content undoubtedly demonstrate high potential of Pimenta dioica (allspice) as a spice crop for large scale cultivation in Sri Lanka.



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