World Journal of Agricultural Research

ISSN (Print): 2333-0643

ISSN (Online): 2333-0678

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Website: http://www.sciepub.com/journal/WJAR

   

Article

Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Waste Powder: Its Influence on the Growth and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus)

1Department of Agriculture, Davao Oriental State College of Science & Technology, San Isidro Campus –Philippines


World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(4), 98-108
doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-1
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
RUDY M. CAMAY. Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Waste Powder: Its Influence on the Growth and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(4):98-108. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-1.

Correspondence to: RUDY  M. CAMAY, Department of Agriculture, Davao Oriental State College of Science & Technology, San Isidro Campus –Philippines. Email: camayrudy@yahoo.com

Abstract

The study was composed of six levels of mushroom waste powder (0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 grams MWP per kg of basal feed) supplemented to the basal feed of broiler chickens. The experiment was conducted in a completely randomized design in three replications to determine the effects of mushroom waste powder levels on body weight, feed consumption, feed conversion efficiency, average daily gain in weight, and meat quality of broiler chickens. Average daily gain (ADG) in weight and body weight (BW) negatively affected by MWP at the early age of broiler chickens, then slightly improved over time of feeding, but does not vary between treatments (P>0.05). Feeding broiler chickens up to 20 grams MWP significantly increased feed consumption (FC), however, a 25 grams MWP significantly decreased (P=0.01) feed consumption during 18 days period of feeding. Feed consumption efficiency (FCE) slightly improved over time but does not varies (P>0.05) with the control. Broiler meat quality varies significantly with the level of MWP in terms of texture (p=0.0017), tenderness, (p= 0.0001), taste p=0.049) and general acceptability (p=0.0018). However, within these parameters, meat quality of broilers fed with MWP at all levels generally does not vary from the control, except for T2 in terms of taste and tenderness where it is significantly lower compared to the control treatment. MWP does not compromise, in fact, slightly improved the meat quality of broiler chickens. A slight improvement of average daily gain in weight (ADG), body weight (BW), feed conversion efficiency (FCE) and meat quality; and a decrease in feed consumption (FC) with increasing levels of MWP is an indication that MWP is a potential feed additive in chickens. Another study to layer chickens and age of administration maybe done to investigate further the potential of MWP.

Keywords

References

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Article

Adoption of Improved Cassava Processing Technologies by Women Entrepreneur in South – West, Nigeria

1Department of Entrepreneurship Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure

2Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria


World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(4), 109-113
doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-2
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Ehinmowo O.O, Fatuase A.I. Adoption of Improved Cassava Processing Technologies by Women Entrepreneur in South – West, Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(4):109-113. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-2.

Correspondence to: Fatuase  A.I, Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. Email: firstwalefat@yahoo.com

Abstract

The study examined factors influencing adoption of cassava processing technologies by women entrepreneur in South – West, Nigeria using primary data. A multistage sampling technique was used to select 373 respondents with the aid of a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and probit regression model were used to analyse the data. Results revealed that majority (74%) of the women entrepreneur were under 50 years, 80% were married with an average age of 43 years. About 86.6% of the respondents had primary education with 51% of the respondents having 4 - 6 members per house. It further revealed that 67% of the women entrepreneur adopted improved technologies with cassava mechanical grater being the most used improved technology while the factors affecting adoption of the technologies were educational status, source of information, credit and raw material. It was also revealed that the challenges faced by the women entrepreneur were high cost of equipment, non-availability of the technologies, difficult to operate and lack of knowledge. The study concluded that there should be easy accessibility to improved technologies among women entrepreneurs.

Keywords

References

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Article

Some Morphological Observations on Albo-nigrescens, Albo-virescens and Virescens Types of Oil Palm Planted at Yaligimba (DRC)

1Plantations et Huileries du Congo (PHC), Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches en Agronomie Tropicale de Yaligimba (Creaty), 1963 Route des Poids lourds Kinshasa. B.P.: 8611 Kinshasa I DRC

2Feronia DRC, 1963 Route des Poids lourds Kinshasa DRC

3Bureau d’Etudes Bois d’Enghien, 18 Rue Victor Horta, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve Belgique


World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016, 4(4), 114-118
doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-3
Copyright © 2016 Science and Education Publishing

Cite this paper:
Luyindula N., Mantantu N., Muembo D., Batanga R., Bois d’Enghien P.. Some Morphological Observations on Albo-nigrescens, Albo-virescens and Virescens Types of Oil Palm Planted at Yaligimba (DRC). World Journal of Agricultural Research. 2016; 4(4):114-118. doi: 10.12691/wjar-4-4-3.

Correspondence to: Luyindula  N., Plantations et Huileries du Congo (PHC), Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches en Agronomie Tropicale de Yaligimba (Creaty), 1963 Route des Poids lourds Kinshasa. B.P.: 8611 Kinshasa I DRC. Email: zeph.luyindula@feronia.com

Abstract

This study has confirmed that the pure albescens oil palm does not exist. There are 2 types of albescens well-described in this paper: albo-nigrescens and albo-virescens. An open-pollinated albo-virescens progeny planted at Yaligimba has shown 36% albo-nigrescens, 36% of albo-virescens, 18 % virescens and 9% nigrescens palms. However, the self-pollinated albo-nigrescens progenies have revealed only two types of palms, 77% albo-nigrescens, 23% nigrescens palms, but no virescens and no albo-virescens. Differences among different oil palm types appear not only on the fruit colours, but also on the colours of rachis, petioles and inflorescences. The albo-nigrescens and albo-virescens progenies planted at Yaligimba plantation have shown short heights, and also has given acceptable bunch productions.

Keywords

References

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