Special Issue "Angora: From Fiber to Fabric"

A special issue of American Journal of Materials Engineering and Technology

Deadline for manuscript submissions: (April 01, 2014)

Special Issue Editor(s)

Chief Guest Editor

Namik Kemal University
Email: riza_atav@yahoo.com

Special Issue Information

Angora is a keratinous textile material, produced by the long-haired Angora rabbit. The Angora rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is raised solely for its fine and soft hair, unlike other breeds which are produced for their meat and fur. This fibre is one of the “luxury fine fibres”, which also include mohair, cashmere, and alpaca. These speciality wools only represent 3% of world clean wool production, but their price can be 10 to 30 times more than that of sheep wool. Several factors contribute to this difference, including their toughness, lightnesss, fineness, softness, and also their image and reputation. Although there are many articles related to the wool fibers, researches and articles on angora fiber processing are very limited. This special issue aims to put together research results of selected experts on this subject.


Published Papers

Abstract: The Angora rabbit fiber has a smooth texture which makes it difficult to spin. Because of this reason it is usually blended with other fibers such as wool to improve its performance both in processing and fabric wearability. In this study, general knowledge on the yarn and fabric production from angora rabbit fiber and its end-uses is given.
Abstract: Angora rabbit fiber, a luxury animal hair fiber is obtained from Angora rabbit. It has some distinct properties like warmness, fineness, whiteness and softness; however its utilization in the conventional textile clothing is restricted due to its scale structure and ladder type medulla. Medulla, an air occupied area in the middle of the fiber reduces the flexibility and scales are responsible for reducing inter-fiber cohesion during mechanical processing of hair. Due to these demerits, Angora rabbit hair is generally used to develop some specialty products through traditional hand spinning and hand loom. To utilize this hair with other textile fibers, either physical or chemical methods are used, that increase the value as well as performance of the final products. This paper overviews various novel approaches involved in finishing of angora rabbit hair for improvement of value and performance of products.
Abstract: Angora rabbit fibers are exceptionally soft and lustrous fibers. The Angora rabbit is a very old breed of rabbit, believed to have originated in Turkey in the town of Angora. As these fibers are also protein based, dyeing characteristics are similar to wool. All recipes for dyeing sheep wool can be used for angora, too. But angora should be dyed at lower temperatures and it should not be boiled. In this review article, knowledge about the dyeing properties of Angora rabbit fibers are given and recent studies on angora dyeing are summarized.
Abstract: Angora rabbit fibers are very attractive for the consumers because of its physical and chemical properties. It has been used as a textile good for a long time but the production and consumption rates were low. This makes it popular and a sign of the wealthy. On the other hand the processing of Angora rabbit fibers has to be managed cautiously because of its structure. As a result of this, pretreatment of them has great importance in terms of the saving its original properties. These fibers are clean and no heavy pretreatment is needed. Even so in the need of the pretreatment processes, it is recommended to use the pretreatment methods valid for the wool but in mild conditions. In this review article, information on the pretreatment of Angora rabbit fibers were compiled and recent studies on angora fibers in terms of the issue were summarized.
Abstract: Angora is a keratinous textile material, produced by the long-haired Angora rabbit. The combination of lightness and high thermal properties of angora fibers makes them exceptional and it is categorized as luxury fiber. In this review article, physical features of this exclusive fiber were given and recent studies on the characteristics of angora fiber were summarized.
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Abstract: Angora rabbit is the oldest known breed of rabbit. Its origin is in Anatolia but it is rare in Turkey now. Angora is a keratinous textile material, produced by the long-haired Angora rabbit. The fiber obtained from Angora rabbit is used in textiles. This fiber is one of the luxury fine fibers. It is grown in China, Chile, France, Germany, Argentina, Brazil, India, Korea and Hungary.